Jan Pol, Dalen

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Jan Pol
Dalen molen Jan Pol.jpg
Jan Pol, February 2009
Origin
Mill name Jan Pol
Molen van Pol
Mill location Molenwijk 8, 7751 CG, Dalen
Coordinates 52°42′03″N 6°45′16″E / 52.70083°N 6.75444°E / 52.70083; 6.75444Coordinates: 52°42′03″N 6°45′16″E / 52.70083°N 6.75444°E / 52.70083; 6.75444
Operator(s) Gemeente Coevorden
Year built 1876
Information
Purpose Corn mill and barley polishing mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three-storey smock
Base storeys Three-storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Tailpole and winch
No. of pairs of millstones Three pairs
Size of millstones 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in), 1.40 metres (4 ft 7 in) and 1.40 metres (4 ft 7 in)
Other information Tallest remaining windmill in Drenthe

Jan Pol is a smock mill in Dalen, Netherlands. It was built in 1876. The mill is a Rijksmonument, number 44562.[1]

History[edit]

Jan Pol was built in 1876, replacing a mill that had been built in 1820 and burnt down following a lightning strike in 1875.[2] It was built by millwright Schiller from Dalfsen, Overijssel. It was working until 1947 and stripped of machinery in 1958. In 1971, restoration of the mill was undertaken by millwright Huberts of Coevorden. The restoration was completed in 1972. Further restoration work was undertaken in 1993.[3] The millwrights were Doornbosch of Adorp, Groningen. The mill is named for Jan Pol, who owned the mill from 1942 until his death in 1982. It is the tallest windmill standing today in Drenthe.[2]

Description[edit]

Jan Pol 7.JPG

Jan Pol is what the Dutch describe as an "achtkante stellingmolen", a smock mill with a stage. The mill has a three-storey brick base with a three-storey smock. The height of the stage is 9.90 metres (32 ft 6 in) above ground level. The smock and cap are thatched. The four Common sails span 21.60 metres (70 ft 10 in). They are carried on a cast-iron windshaft which was made by the millwrights Prins van Oranje, of Den Haag in 1866. The windshaft carries the brake wheel, which has 61 cogs. It drives the wallower at the top of the upright shaft. The wallower has 34 cogs. At the bottom of the upright shaft, the great spur wheel with 115 cogs drives two lantern pinion stone nuts, one with 37 staves and one with 38 staves. The pearl barley stones are driven by a stone nut with 28 cogs.[1]

Public access[edit]

Jan Pol is open on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays from 1 April to 1 November between 13:30 and 16:30. It is also open throughout the year by appointment.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Technische gegevens" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 12 August 2009.  (Click on "Technische gegevens" to view)
  2. ^ a b "Dalen, Drenthe" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 13 August 2009. 
  3. ^ "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 12 August 2009.  (Click on "Geschiedenis" to view)
  4. ^ "Informatie" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 12 August 2009.  (Click on "Informatie" to view)

External links[edit]