Jan Saudek

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Jan Saudek
Svět knihy 2010 - Jan Saudek 01.JPG
Saudek in 2010
Born (1935-05-13) 13 May 1935 (age 83)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
NationalityCzech
OccupationArt photographer, painter
Notable workThe World of Jan Saudek: Photographs, Jan Saudek-Il teatro de la vita, Story from, Czechoslovakia, My Country, and Photographs by Jan Saudek

Jan Saudek (born 13 May 1935 in Prague, Czechoslovakia) is a Czech art photographer and painter. His twin brother Kaja Saudek became known as a graphic artist and comics illustrator, and was called the "King of Czech Comic Books".[1]

Life[edit]

Jan Saudek and his twin brother Karel (also known as Kája) were born to a Slavic (Czech) mother and Jewish father in Prague in 1935.[2] Their mother's family came to Prague from Bohemia, and their father from the city of Děčín in the northwest part of that area. During World War II and after the invasion of the German Nazis, both sides of his family were racially persecuted by the invaders. Many of his Jewish relatives died in Theresienstadt concentration camp during the war. Jan and his brother Karel were sent to a children's concentration camp for Mischlinge (mixed-blood in German, as Nazis classified Jews as a race distinct from "Aryans"), located in Silesia near the present Polish-Czech border. Their father Gustav was deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp in February 1945. Although their mother and many other relatives died, both sons and father survived the war. A Communist-dominated government gained power after the war to rule the country, enforced by the Soviet Union and considered to be behind the Iron Curtain.

According to Saudek's biography, he acquired his first camera, a Kodak Baby Brownie, in 1950. He apprenticed to a photographer, and in 1952 started working in a print shop; he was restricted to this work by the Communist government until 1983. In 1959, he started using the more advanced Flexaret 6x6 camera, and also engaged in painting and drawing. After completing his military service, he was inspired in 1963 by the catalogue for American photographer Edward Steichen's The Family of Man exhibition, and began to work to become a serious art photographer. In 1969, Saudek traveled to the United States, where he was encouraged in his work by curator Hugh Edwards of the Art Institute of Chicago.

Returning to Prague, Saudek had to work at his photography clandestinely in a cellar, to avoid the attentions of the secret police. With his work turning to themes of personal erotic freedom, he used implicitly political symbols of corruption and innocence. From the late 1970s, he became recognized in the West as the leading Czech photographer, and also developed a following among photographers in his own country.[citation needed] In 1983, the first book of Saudek's work was published in the English-speaking world. The same year, he became a freelance photographer; the Czech Communist authorities allowed him to stop working in the print shop, and gave him permission to apply for a permit to work as an artist. In 1987, the archives of his negatives were seized by the police, but later returned.

Saudek lives and works in Prague. His brother Kája Saudek was also an artist, the best-known Czech graphic novelist.[3][citation needed][4]

Work[edit]

Poster for a film by Adolf Zika: Jan Saudek: Bound by Passion (2008).

His best-known work is noted[by whom?] for its hand-tinted portrayal of painterly dream worlds, often inhabited by nude or semi-nude figures surrounded by bare plaster walls or painted backdrops. He frequently re-uses elements (for instance, a clouded sky or a view of Prague's Charles Bridge). In this his photographs suggest the studio and tableaux works of mid-19th century erotic photographers, as well as the works of the 20th-century painter Balthus, and of Bernard Faucon.

Saudek's early art photography is noted[by whom?] for its evocation of childhood. His later works often portrayed the evolution from child to adult (re-photographing the same composition/pose, and with the same subjects, over many years). Religious motifs and the ambiguity between man and woman have also been some of Saudek's recurring themes. During the 1990s, his work at times generated censorship attempts in the West because of its provocative sexual content.

Saudek's imagery has sometimes had a mixed reception internationally. He gained early shows in 1969 and 1970 in the United States and in Australia. In 1970 his work was shown at the Australian Centre for Photography and was welcomed by curator Jennie Boddington at the National Gallery of Victoria. Decades later, by contrast, his photograph Black Sheep & White Crow, which features a semi-naked pre-pubescent girl, was removed from the Ballarat International Foto Biennale in Sydney, Australia just before the opening on 21 August 2011; objections had been made related to allegations of child prostitution for his subject.[5]

Saudek's photographs have been featured as covers for the albums of Anorexia Nervosa (New Obscurantis Order), Soul Asylum (Grave Dancers Union), Daniel Lanois (For the Beauty of Wynona), and Beautiful South (Welcome to the Beautiful South).

Publications (selected)[edit]

  • Jan Saudek-Photo, and Jiri Masin Milos Macourek, House of Lords of Kunštát, Brno, Czech Republic, 1970.
  • The World of Jan Saudek: Photographs. Jacques Baruch Gallery, Chicago, IL, 1979.
  • Jan Saudek-Il teatro de la vita. Giuliana SCIM, Selezione d'Imagini, Milan, Italy, 1981.
  • Story from, Czechoslovakia, My Country, and Photographs by Jan Saudek. Aperture Nr. 89, New York, 1982.
  • The World of Jan Saudek. Anna Fárová, The Master Collection Book III, Rotovision, Geneva, Switzerland 1983.
  • Images from, Czechoslovakia. University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City, IA, 1983.
  • Story photo. Daniela Mrázková, Mlada Fronta, Prague, 1985.
  • Jan Saudek-35 Jahre Photos / 35 Years of Photography. Manfred Heiting, Photography Forum Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany 1986.
  • 50 Jahre moderne Farbfotografie. Manfred Heiting, Photokina, Cologne, Germany 1986.
  • Jan Saudek-200 Photographs 1953-1986. Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, 1987.
  • 20 Years of Czechoslovak Art: 1968-1988. Anne Baruch, Chicago, IL 1988.
  • The Second Israeli Photography Biennale, Museum of Art, Ein Harod, Israel, 1988.
  • Jan Saudek-100 Fotografías 1953-1986. Primavera Fotografica, Barcelona, Spain, 1988.
  • Jan Saudek-Monsieur Nicole (fashion catalog "Matsuda"), New York 1989.1991 (?).
  • Photographs Tschechoslowakische der Gegenwart. Edition Braus, Heidelberg, Germany, 1990.
  • Jan Saudek-Life, Love, Death & Other Such Trifles. Art Unlimited, Amsterdam, 1991.
  • Jan Saudek-Theatre of life. Daniela Mrázková, Panorama, Prague, 1991.
  • Jan Saudek-l'amour. VIS & VIS Nr. 10, Paris, 1992.
  • Jan Saudek, Galerie Municipale du Chateau d'Eau, Toulouse, France, 1992.
  • Photo La Collection de la FNAC, Calais des Estats de Bourgogne, Dijon, France 1993.
  • Jan Saudek-life, love, death & other such trivia. Slovart, Prague, 1994.
  • Jan Saudek-Jubilations and Obsessions. Rosbeek, Amsterdam, 1995.
  • Jan Saudek-Letter. Sarah Saudek, Prague, 1995.
  • The World of Jan Saudek 1959-1995. Museum of Art, Olomouc, Czech Republic, 1995.
  • Jan Saudek 1895 Krišal Gallery, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995.
  • Photographie des 20. Jahrhunderts. Museum Ludwig, Taschen, Cologne, Germany 1996.
  • Security and search in, Czech Republic photography of the 90s. Vl. Birgus / Mir.Vojtěchovský, Kant, Prague, 1996.
  • The Photography Book. Phaidon Press, London, 1997.
  • Jan Saudek-Photographs 1987-1997. Taschen, Cologne, Germany, 1997.
  • The Body in Contemporary, Czech Republic Photography. Vl. Birgus Macintosh Gallery, Glasgow, Scotland, 1997.
  • Jan Saudek. Christiane Fricke, Taschen , Cologne, Germany, 1998.
  • From Sudek to Saudek- Czech Photography in the 20th Century, The Eli Lemberger Museum of Photography, Tel-Hai, Israel, 1998.
  • Masterpieces of Erotic Photography. Carlton, London, 1998.
  • Jan Saudek three-Love. BB Art, Prague, 1998.
  • Zärtliche Betrachtung schöner Damen-aus der Sammlung Photo Fritz Gruber. Wienand Verlag, Cologne, Germany, 1998.
  • Absolut Originale, Absolit Originale Collection. Stockholm, Sweden, 1999.
  • Jan Saudek 1959-1999. Mennour Gallery, Paris, 1999.
  • Jan Saudek Single-married divorced widower. Slovart, Praha, Czech Republic, 2000.
  • 20th Century Photography. Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany 2001.
  • Jan Saudek-Realities. Arena Edition, Santa Fe, NM, 2002.
  • Czech and Slovak Photography 80s and 90s of the 20th century. the Art Museum, Olomouc, Czech Republic 2002.
  • Absolut Generations. 50th Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy 2003.
  • Dictionary of, Czech Republicech and Slovak artists 1950-2004. Chagall Art Centre, Ostrava, Czech Republic 2004.
  • Saudek. Daniela Mrázková, Slovart, Prague, 2005.
  • The Best of Jan Saudek. Saudek.com, Prague, 2005.
  • Chains of Love. Saudek.com, Prague, 2007.
  • Evenings with a photographer. IDIF, Prague, 2007.
  • ACP-learn creative shooting. Zoner Press, Brno, Czech Republic, 2007.
  • 2006/2007 National Theatre. Gallery, Prague, 2007.
  • Jan Saudek (1998, Taschen) ISBN 3-8228-7916-9.
  • Pouta lásky (Chains of Love). [Saudek.com] ISBN 80-239-8225-7.
  • Saudek. Prague: Slovart. ISBN 80-7209-727-X.
  • Saudek, Jan: Ženatý, svobodný, rozvedený, vdovec. Prague: Slovart, 2000. ISBN 80-7209-701-6.
  • Saudek, Jan: Národní divadlo 2006/07. National Theatre 2006/07 Season. Prague: Národní divadlo, 2007. ISBN 9788072582716.

Films and radio[edit]

  • Jan Saudek: Prague Printemps (1990). (26-minute film by Jerome de Missolz about Saudek).
  • Jan Saudek: Bound by Passion (2008). (feature-length film by Adolf Zika about Saudek).
  • Saudek Brothers Documentary, Czech Radio, 2001[6]

Exhibitions[edit]

Solo exhibitions[edit]

2015 Valeria Rabbit Hole Art Room, Warsaw, Poland

2012
  • Int. Photofestival Spillimbergo & Udine, Italy Centres of Art, Tarnow, Poland

2011

  • Chamber Gallery U Schell, Budweis, Czech Republic
  • Visio Art Gallery, Plzeň
  • Mondo Bizzarro Gallery, Rome, Italy
  • Phototheatron, Athens, Greece
  • Galerie Esther Woerdehoff (group exhibition), Paris
  • Ballarat Int. Photo Biennale, Melbourne, Australia

2010

  • Fotografija Gallery, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Fotofestival Nordic Light, Kristiansund, Norway
  • Kunsthandel gallery, Graz, Austria
  • Nordic Light (int. Festival of photography) Kristiansund, Norway
  • Fotografia Galerija, Ljubljana, Slovenia

2009

  • Gallery Velvet Kelly, Žilina, Slovakia
  • Monopoli-Castello Carlo V., Italy

2008

  • Velvet Gallery, Bojnice, Slovakia
  • Royal Palace (along with JPWitkinem (Joel-Peter Witkin?)), Milan, Italy

2007

  • Galerie Jan Saudek, Prague, Czech Republic

2006

  • International fotobienále, 6th edition, Moscow, Russia
  • IN FOCUS Gallery, Cologne, Germany

2005

  • House White Unicorn, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Gallery of Photography Past Rays, Japan
  • K. Mennour Gallery, Paris

2004

  • Krišal Gallery, Geneve, Switzerland
  • Lattuada Studio Gallery, Milan, Italy

2003

  • Broel Museum
  • Biennale de Venise, Italy
  • FIAC, Galerie K. Mennour, Paris
  • Krišal Gallery, Geneve, Switzerland

2001

  • Comenius Museum, Naarden, Netherlands
  • University of Nothingham

2000

  • Carousel de Louvre, Paris Art Gallery Mennour, Paris

1999

  • Paris Photo Gallery Mennour, Paris
  • VB Photographic Centre, Kuopio, Finland

1998

  • Bergamot Station Art Center BGH Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
  • Municipal House in Prague, Czech Republic
  • The Museum of Photography, Tel-Hai, Israel

1997

  • Museo Ken Damy, Brescia, Italy
  • Paris Photo, Krišal Gallery, Paris

1996

  • Museum of Art, Olomouc, Czech Republic

1995

  • A Gallery for fine photography, New Orleans, LA

1994

  • Parco Gallery, Tokyo

1993

  • Month of Photography, Palffy Palace, Bratislava, Slovakia

1992

  • Galerie Municipale du Chateau d'Eau, Toulouse, France

1991

  • Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
  • Portfolio Gallery, London

1990

  • Robert Koch Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
  • Gallery Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan
  • RIP, Arles, France

1989

  • Photography Forum Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
  • Jan Kesner Gallery, Los Angeles, CA

1987

  • Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris

1986

  • Centre National de la Photographie, Paris
  • Photography Forum Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany

1985

  • Münchner Stadtmuseum, München, Germany

1984

  • Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

1981 Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH Jacques Baruch Gallery, Chicago, IL Marcuse Pfeifer Gallery, New York

1980 FNAC - Montparnasse, Paris photokina, Cologne, Germany

1979 G. Ray Hawkins Gallery, Los Angeles, CA

1978

  • Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH
  • International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester, NY

1977

1976

  • Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
  • Jacques Baruch Gallery, Chicago, IL

1969

Group exhibitions (selected)[edit]

2012
  • Int. Photofestival Spillimbergo & Udine, Italy
  • Centres of Art, Tarnow, Poland

2011

  • Chamber Gallery U Schell, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
  • Visio Art Gallery, Plzen, Czech Republic
  • Mondo Bizzarro Gallery, Rome, Italy
  • Phototheatron, Athens
  • Galerie Esther Woerdehoff (group exhibition), Paris
  • Ballarat Int. Photo Biennale, Melbourne, Australia

2010

  • Fotografija Gallery, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Kunsthandel gallery, Graz, Austria
  • Nordic Light (international festival of photography) Kristiansund, Norway
  • 2009
  • Münchner Stadt Museum - History of nude in photography (museum collection)
  • Munich State Museum, Munich, Germany

2003

  • Absolut Generations, 50th Biennale of Modern Art, Venezia, Italy

2001

  • Nude in, Czech Republicech Photography, Museum of Art, Olomouc, Czech Republic
  • Nude in, Czech Republicech Photography, Prague Castle, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Typical Men, Gallery of Modern Art, Glasgow, Scotland

2000

  • Absolut Ego, Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris

1998

  • Zärtlicher Blick auf schöne Damen, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany

1997

  • Month of Photography, Paris
  • The Body in Contemporary, Czech Republicech Photography, Macintosh Gallery, Glasgow, Scotland

1996

  • Security and search in, Czech Republicech photography 90s, Prague Castle, Prague, Czech Republic

1995

  • Fotofeis - Scottish International Festival of Photography, Scotland

1993

  • Fotofeis - Scottish International Festival of Photography, Scotland

1990

  • Tschechoslowakische Photos der Gegenward, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany

1985

  • Das Aktfoto, Münchener Stadtmuseum, München, Germany

Collections[edit]

Saudek's work is held in the following permanent collections:

  • The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
  • Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
  • Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
  • International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester, NY
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • Moravian Gallery in Brno, Czech Republic
  • Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris
  • Musée Paul Getty, Los Angeles, CA
  • Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
  • National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

References[edit]

  1. ^ Irene Carpintero, "Kája Saudek & 60's", Prague TV, 30 November 2009
  2. ^ Asiedu, Dita (16 December 2001). "Saudek Brothers Documentary". Czech Radio. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  3. ^ Asiedu, Dita (16 December 2001). "Saudek Brothers Documentary". Czech Radio. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  4. ^ "The "four-leaf clover" comics". Czech Radio. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
  5. ^ Photo withdrawn after child prostitution claim, The Age
  6. ^ Asiedu, Dita (16 December 2001). "Saudek Brothers Documentary". Czech Radio. Retrieved 25 August 2012.

External links[edit]