Jan Hugo Robert Arne Stenbeck
14 November 1942
|Died||19 August 2002 (aged 59)|
|Residence||Mayville Farm, Long Island, New York|
|Alma mater||Uppsala University|
Harvard Business School
|Occupation||Financier, entrepreneur, media owner|
|Spouse(s)||Merrill McLeod (1976–1999)|
|Relatives||Margaretha af Ugglas (sister)|
Jan Hugo Robert Arne Stenbeck (Swedish pronunciation: [¹jɑːn ²steːnbɛk]; 14 November 1942 – 19 August 2002) was a Swedish business leader, media pioneer, sailor and financier. He was head of Kinnevik Group from 1976 and founded among other things the companies Comviq, Invik & Co AB, Tele2, Banque Invik, Millicom, Modern Times Group and NetCom Systems. Stenbeck was one of Sweden's wealthiest people, worth some $800 million.
Stenbeck was born in Stockholm, Sweden, the youngest son of business lawyer Hugo Stenbeck (1890–1977) and his wife Märtha (née Odelfelt; 1906–1992). He was brother of Hugo Jr (1933–1976), Elisabeth Silfverstolpe (1935–1985) and the former Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Margaretha af Ugglas.
He passed the studentexamen at Östra Real and received a Candidate of Law degree from Uppsala University and a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard Business School in United States in 1970 together with Endre Røsjø. After Harvard, Stenbeck went to work for Morgan Stanley & Co Inc. in New York City from 1970 to 1976 and then his career in business continued with the formation of the mobile phone company Millicom.
After his father, Hugo Stenbeck, had died, Stenbeck returned to Sweden and gained control over Investment AB Kinnevik after a bitter feud with his sister. He came to change the focus of the investment company away from traditional Swedish industries, such as pulp and paper industry and steel manufacturing towards media and telecommunication. In 1987 he started Sweden's first free, advertising-funded TV channel, TV3, then Comviq and Tele2, the free newspaper Metro, the magazine Z and the magazine Moderna Tider. Control of the Kinnevik Group was passed to his daughter Cristina Stenbeck after his death of a heart attack.
On 22 December 1976 in Glen Head, New York, Stenbeck married Merrill MacLeod (9 September 1944 in Los Angeles, California – 10 February 2006 in Glen Head, New York), the daughter of the editor and the publicist Robert Fredric McLeod and Caroly (née Waring). Together they had the children Cristina (born 1977), Hugo (born 1979), Sophie (born 1981) and Max Stenbeck (1985–2015). He also acknowledged paternity of the son Felix Granander, who was born in 1997 out of wedlock. At the time of his death, Stenbeck was divorced from his wife.
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- Andersson, Per (2000). Stenbeck: ett reportage om det virtuella bruket (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. ISBN 9113008056. LIBRIS 7151251.
- Platen, Margaret von; Assur, Jens (1993). Boken om Stenbeck: välkänd och anonym, charmig och odräglig, stormrik och utfattig (in Swedish). Stockholm: Dagens industri. ISBN 9176301214. LIBRIS 7653544.
- Andersson, Per (2012). Stenbeck: en biografi över en framgångsrik affärsman (in Swedish) (New, expanded ed.). Stockholm: Modernista. ISBN 9789174991123. LIBRIS 12755245.
- Nilsson, Börge (2002). Mediemogulens affärer: Jan Stenbeck och det fria ordet (in Swedish). Stockholm: Carlsson i samarbete med Svenska journalistförb. ISBN 9172034998. LIBRIS 8555207.
- Sjöberg, Thomas (2014). Den anonyme fabrikören på Manhattan: berättelsen om Jan Stenbecks väg från skoltröjor till mediemakt. Telegram journalistik (in Swedish). Stockholm: Telegram. ISBN 9789174237658. LIBRIS 17081151.