Jan de Quay

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Dr.
Jan de Quay
GOON CNL
Jan de Quay 1963 (1).jpg
Jan de Quay in 1963
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
19 May 1959 – 24 July 1963
MonarchJuliana
DeputyHenk Korthals
Preceded byLouis Beel
Succeeded byVictor Marijnen
Minister of Transport and
Water Management
In office
22 November 1966 – 5 April 1967
Prime MinisterJelle Zijlstra
Preceded byKo Suurhoff
Succeeded byJoop Bakker
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
22 November 1966 – 5 April 1967
Serving with Barend Biesheuvel
Prime MinisterJelle Zijlstra
Preceded byAnne Vondeling
Barend Biesheuvel
Succeeded byJohan Witteveen
Joop Bakker
Member of the Senate
In office
25 June 1963 – 22 November 1966
In office
13 June 1967 – 16 September 1969
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
Minister of Defence
In office
1 August 1959 – 4 September 1959
Ad interim
Prime MinisterJan de Quay
Preceded bySidney J. van den Bergh
Succeeded bySim Visser
Queen's Commissioner of North Brabant
In office
1 November 1946 – 19 May 1959
MonarchWilhelmina (1946–1948)
Juliana (1948–1959)
Preceded byJohannes van Oyen
Succeeded byConstant Kortmann
Minister of War
In office
4 April 1945 – 25 June 1945
Prime MinisterPieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
Preceded byJim de Booy (Ad interim)
Succeeded byJo Meynen
Personal details
BornJan Eduard de Quay
(1901-08-26)26 August 1901
's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
Died4 July 1985(1985-07-04) (aged 83)
Beers, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Roman Catholic
State Party

(before 1945)
Catholic People's Party
(1945–1980)
Spouse(s)
Maria van der Lande
(m. 1927; his death 1985)
Children9 children
Alma materUtrecht University
(Bachelor of Social Science, Master of Social Science, Doctor of Philosophy)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Psychologist · Teacher · Academic administrator · Researcher · Professor
Military service
Allegiance Netherlands
Service/branchRoyal Netherlands Army
Years of serviceConscription 1939–1940
Reserve from 1945–1946
RankNl-landmacht-majoor.svg Major
Battles/warsWorld War II

Jan Eduard de Quay (26 August 1901 – 4 July 1985) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA). He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 19 May 1959 until 24 July 1963.

He previously served as Minister of War from 4 April 1945 until 24 June 1945 in the Cabinet Gerbrandy III. He became Queen's Commissioner of North Brabant serving from 1 November 1946 until 19 May 1959. After the Dutch general election of 1959, de Quay became Prime Minister of the Netherlands, leading the Cabinet De Quay. And as acting Minister of Defence from 1 August 1959 until 4 September 1959 following the resignation of Sidney J. van den Bergh.

After his premiership, De Quay remained in active politics and became a Member of the Senate from 25 June 1963 until 22 November 1966 when he became Minister of Transport and Water Management and Deputy Prime Minister in the caretaker Cabinet Zijlstra serving from 22 November 1966 until 5 April 1967. He became again a Member of the Senate serving from 13 June 1967 until 16 September 1969.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Jan Eduard de Quay was born in 's-Hertogenbosch on 26 August 1901. After attending a Jesuit school in Katwijk, he graduated in psychology from the University of Utrecht in 1926. The following year he was awarded a doctorate for his thesis on the contribution of sensory and motor factors to the learning and labour process.

In 1928 he was appointed lecturer in psychotechnology at the Catholic college of higher education in Tilburg (now the University of Tilburg) and in 1933 professor of business economics and psychotechnology at the same institution. During the pre-war mobilisation of the Netherlands (1939-1940) De Quay became a lieutenant in the reserve. In July 1940 he formed the Triumvirate of the controversial nationalist Dutch Union with Louis Einthoven and Hans Linthorst Homan. This Union was controversial because its leaders suggested partial collaboration with the German occupiers. In August 1940 De Quay started secret meetings with the fascistic Nationaal Front in oder to fuse the two organisations. During these talks De Quay called himself a fascist, the Union a fascistic organisation and said that he rejected democracy.[2] In May and June of the same year he was government commissioner for labour at the Ministry of Social Affairs. In this position he encouraged the Dutch population to seek employment in Germany. From July 1942 to June 1943 he was interned in Haaren, after which he went into hiding from the occupation authorities. This lasted until June 1943, when he went into hiding. Following the liberation of the area south of the rivers in late 1944, he became chairman of the Board of Commissioners for Agriculture, Industry, Trade and Commerce set up to restore the national economy.

Politics[edit]

From 5 April until 23 June 1945, De Quay was Minister of War in the second Gerbrandy cabinet. On 1 November 1946 he became Queen's Commissioner of North Brabant until 19 May 1959. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 19 May 1959 until 24 July 1963. He served as a Member of the Senate from 25 June 1963 until 22 November 1966. During the Cabinet Zijlstra he served as Minister of Transport, Public Works and Water Management and Deputy Prime Minister from 22 November 1966 until 5 April 1967. On 13 June 1967 he again was a Member of the Senate until 16 September 1969.

Personal life[edit]

On 8 August 1927, De Quay married Maria van der Lande (29 August 1901 – 6 November 1988).[3] De Quay died on 4 July 1985 in Beers, he was 83.[4]

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 27 July 1963 Elevated from Commander (29 April 1959)
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Commander BAR.png Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 27 April 1967 Elevated from Knight (17 September 1946)

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Dutch) Jan Eduard de Quay (1901-1985) Historici.nl
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Met het CDA op weg naar de fascistische heilstaat Vrijspreker.nl
  3. ^ "Uitgeverij A. van den Oord". www.advandenoord.nl.
  4. ^ (in Dutch) Jan Eduard de Quay (1901-1985) Bhic.nl

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jim de Booy
Ad interim
Minister of War
1945
Succeeded by
Jo Meynen
Preceded by
Johannes van Oyen
Queen's Commissioner
of North Brabant

1946–1959
Succeeded by
Constant Kortmann
Preceded by
Louis Beel
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1959–1963
Succeeded by
Victor Marijnen
Minister of General Affairs
1959–1963
Preceded by
Sidney J. van den Bergh
Minister of Defence
Ad interim

1959
Succeeded by
Sim Visser
Preceded by
Anne Vondeling
Barend Biesheuvel
Deputy Prime Minister
1966–1967
With: Barend Biesheuvel
Succeeded by
Johan Witteveen
Joop Bakker
Preceded by
Ko Suurhoff
Minister of Transport and
Water Management

1966–1967
Succeeded by
Joop Bakker