Jan van der Vaardt
Jan van der Vaardt (name variations: Jan van der Vaart, John Van der Vaart, John Vander Vaart, Jan van der Waart) (c.1650 –1727) was a Dutch painter of portraits, landscapes and trompe-l'œil paintings and a mezzotint artist who was active in England for most of his career.
Van der Vaardt was born in Haarlem, where he trained with Thomas Wijck. Van der Vaardt is documented from 1674 onwards in London. Here he worked in the workshop of another Dutch immigrant, Willem Wissing, who was a pupil and former collaborator of the court portrait painter Sir Peter Lely. Van der Vaardt painted draperies and landscapes in the portraits of Wissing. After Wissing's death in 1687, van der Vaardt continued his workshop.
In 1713 van der Vaardt sold off his collection and built a house in Covent Garden. He stopped painting and confined himself to the restoration of paintings because of his deteriorating eyesight. He died in London, a bachelor, and his nephew Arnold continued his restoration business.
He was a versatile painter and painted in a wide range of genres including flower still lifes, religious paintings, history paintings, landscapes, portraits and trompe-l'oeil still lives. According to Walpole he painted a trompe l'oeil of a violin on a door at Chatsworth House. He is primarily known for his portraits and landscapes.
A number of van der Vaardt's portraits were engraved in mezzotint by Bernard Lens for the print publisher Edward Cooper. Van der Vaardt was himself one of the earliest practitioners of mezzotint in England and produced many prints after portraits made by portrait artists like Sir Peter Lely, Willem Wissing etc.
- Biographical details in the Netherlands Institute for Art History
- Horace Walpole, 'John Vander Vaart' in: Anecdotes of painting in England, 1717-1797, p. 306
- Richard Jeffree. "Smith, John (i)." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 14 Feb. 2014.
- Violin Suspended from a Knob Chatsworth House website
- Jan van der Vaart (1647-1721) at the National Portrait Gallery, London
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