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Janata Dal (Secular)

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Janata Dal (Secular)
AbbreviationJD(S)
LeaderH. D. Kumaraswamy
PresidentH. D. Deve Gowda
Lok Sabha LeaderH. D. Kumaraswamy
Rajya Sabha LeaderH. D. Deve Gowda
FounderH. D. Deve Gowda
FoundedJuly 1999 (24 years ago) (July 1999)
Preceded byJanata Dal
HeadquartersJP Bhavan, 19/1, Platform Road, Seshadripuram, Bengaluru, Karnataka-560020
Student wingStudent Janata Dal (Secular)
Youth wingYuva Janata Dal (Secular)
Women's wingMahila Janata Dal (Secular)
Labour wingKarmikara Janata Dal (Secular)
IdeologySecularism
ColoursGreen
ECI StatusState Party[1]
Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in State legislative assemblies of IndiaKarnataka Legislative Assembly
19 / 224

Seats in Karnataka Legislative Council
8 / 75
Number of states and union territories in government
1 / 31
Election symbol
Janata Dal Election Symbol
Website
jds.ind.in

The Janata Dal (Secular) (transl. People Party (Secular); abbr. JD(S)) is an Indian regional political party[3] recognised as a state party in the Indian states of Karnataka, Kerala and Arunachal Pradesh. It was founded by the former prime minister of India H. D. Deve Gowda in July 1999 as a breakaway faction from the Janata Dal.[4][5]

History[edit]

The Janata Dal (Secular), formed in 1999, had its origins in the Janata Party, founded in 1977 as a coalition of several smaller parties that combined forces to oppose the Indian National Congress.[6] In 1988 the Janata Party and other smaller parties merged to form the Janata Dal.[7][8][9] In 1996, Janata Dal reached its pinnacle when H. D. Deve Gowda became Prime Minister of India, heading the United Front (UF) coalition government.[10][11]

The Janata Dal split in 1999, when a faction led by Chief Minister J. H. Patel lent support to the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda and Siddaramaiah. The Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lok Shakti and the Samata Party merged as the Janata Dal (United).[12][13] Even though the premise for the split was its opposition to allying with the National Democratic Alliance, H. D. Deve Gowda stayed equally away from the Indian National Congress from the outset.[14]

The 2004 Karnataka Assembly election witnessed the revival of the party's fortunes with JD(S) becoming part of the ruling coalition in the state.

On 14 April 2015, the JD(S), Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus leaving the UPA.[15] It has a political presence mainly in Karnataka and is in decline. In September 2023, JD(S) joined the BJP controlled National Democratic Alliance. In Kerala, the party had a small state unit which is part of the state government coalition, the Left Democratic Front. The state unit has refused to be part of the right wing NDA and are in rebellion against their national leadership for having joined hands with the BJP.[16][17]

Prominent members[edit]

  • H. D. Deve Gowda, president of Janata Dal (Secular), former prime minister of India and former chief minister of Karnataka
  • H. D. Kumaraswamy, former chief minister of Karnataka, son of former prime minister of India H. D. Deve Gowda, and Karnataka State president of Janata Dal (Secular)
  • H. D. Revanna, former cabinet minister, present MLA, Karnataka (son of H. D. Deve Gowda).
  • Nikhil Gowda, state president, Yuva Janata Dal (Secular)
  • B. M. Farooq, current MLC of Karnataka Legislative Council, current national general secretary of Janata Dal (Secular)
  • C. S. Puttaraju, former minister for small irrigation resources, and former member of parliament, Lok Sabha from Mandya
  • GT Devegowda, former minister for higher education, and member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) from Chamundeshwari (Vidhana Sabha constituency
  • Oommen Thalavady, former MLA Kuttanad, Kerala Legislative Assembly
  • Sarekoppa Bangarappa, former chief minister of Karnataka[18]
  • N. M. Joseph, vice president of Janata Dal (Secular)
  • D. Kupendra Reddy, Former MP of Rajya Sabha[19][20]
  • Mathew T. Thomas,Kerala State president of Janata Dal (Secular) and former Kerala State minister
  • Jose Thettayil, vice president of Janata Dal (Secular), former minister Govt. of Kerala.
  • Neelalohithadasan Nadar, former Kerala State president of Janata Dal (Secular) (former minister Govt. of Kerala; former member of Parliament, Govt. of India)
  • K. Krishnankutty, current Kerala State minister for electricity department

Electoral performance[edit]

Assembly election history in Karnataka[edit]

Year Seats contested Seats won +/- Voteshare (%) +/- (pp) Outcome
1999 203
10 / 224
Increase 10 10.42 Increase 10.42 Opposition
2004 220
58 / 224
Increase 48 20.77 Increase 10.35 Government
2008 219
28 / 224
Decrease 30 18.96 Decrease 1.81 Opposition
2013 222
40 / 224
Increase 12 20.09 Increase 1.13
2018 199
37 / 224
Decrease 3 18.3 Decrease 1.79 Government, later Opposition
2023 209
19 / 224
Decrease 18 13.29 Decrease 5.01 Opposition

Assembly election history in Kerala[edit]

Year Assembly election Seats contested Seats won Votes secured Percentage of votes
2001 11th Assembly 12 0 546,917 3.48%
2006 12th Assembly 7 0 353,111 2.27%
2011 13th Assembly 5 0 264,631 1.52%
2016 14th Assembly 5 0 293,274 1.5%
2021 15th Assembly 4 0 265,789 1.28%

Lok Sabha election history[edit]

Year Lok Sabha election Seats contested Seats won Votes secured
1999 13th Lok Sabha 96 1 33,32,702
2004 14th Lok Sabha 43 3 57,32,296 [21]
2009 15th Lok Sabha 21 3 33,35,530
2014 16th Lok Sabha 26 2 37,10,060 [22]
2019 17th Lok Sabha 8 1 33,97,229
2024 18th Lok Sabha 3 2 22,16,350

Legislative leaders[edit]

List of union cabinet ministers[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Portfolio Term in office Constituency
(House)
Prime Minister
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 H. D. Kumaraswamy
(1959–)
Ministry of Heavy Industries 9 June 2024 Incumbent 6 days Mandya
(Lok Sabha)
Narendra Modi
Ministry of Steel

List of chief ministers[edit]

Chief Ministers of Karnataka[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office Assembly
(Election)
Constituency Ministry
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 H. D. Kumaraswamy
(1959–)
3 February 2006 8 October 2007 2 years, 308 days 12th
(2004)
Ramanagara Kumaraswamy I
23 May 2018 23 July 2019 15th
(2018)
Channapatna Kumaraswamy II

List of deputy chief ministers[edit]

Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office Assembly
(Election)
Constituency Chief Minister
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 Siddaramaiah
(1947–)
28 May 2004 5 August 2005 1 year, 69 days 12th
(2004)
Chamundeshwari Dharam Singh
2 M. P. Prakash
(1940–2011)
8 August 2005 28 January 2006 173 days Hoovina Hadagali

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  2. ^ "BJP overall, Left in Kerala: JD(S) likely to lose state unit as banner of revolt is raised". 24 September 2023.
  3. ^ "History of Janata Dal (Secular) according to its website". Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  4. ^ "EC to hear Janata Dal symbol dispute". Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  5. ^ "The Nation:Janata Dal:Divided Gains (India Today article)". Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  6. ^ "britannica.com : Janata Dal (Secular)".
  7. ^ "article on Chandrashekar". Archived from the original on 12 February 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  8. ^ "Bouquet of ideologies - article in the Hindu". Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  9. ^ "Janata Dal". Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  10. ^ "Profile of Deve Gowda on PMO website". Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  11. ^ History « Welcome to Janata Dal (Secular) Official Website. Jds.ind.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  12. ^ "Janata.in". www.janata.in.
  13. ^ [1] Archived 3 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ ""Gowda rules out tieup with Congress " - Tribune India article". Retrieved 30 September 2007.
  15. ^ "'Janata Parivar' formalised, Mulayam Singh named chief of new party | Zee News". Zeenews.india.com. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  16. ^ "BJP overall, Left in Kerala: JD(S) likely to lose state unit as banner of revolt is raised". The Indian Express. 24 September 2023. Retrieved 24 September 2023.
  17. ^ "Over 60 JD(S) office bearers to resign today over alliance with BJP; 30,000 estimated to leave in coming days". Hindustan Times.
  18. ^ D A I J I W O R L D. D A I J I W O R L D (2011-08-10). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  19. ^ "Kupendra Reddy files papers as JD(S) candidate for RS polls". The Hindu. 8 June 2014. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  20. ^ "D. Kupendra Reddy". PRSIndia. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
  22. ^ "Partywise Trends & Result". 21 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 May 2014.