Janata Dal (Secular)

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Janata Dal (Secular)
Abbreviation JD(S)
Leader H. D. Deve Gowda
Lok Sabha leader H. D. Deve Gowda
Rajya Sabha leader D. Kupendra Reddy
Founder H. D. Deve Gowda
Founded July 1999
Preceded by Janata Dal
Headquarters JP Bhavan, 19/1, Platform Road, Sheshadripura, Bengaluru, Karnataka-560020
Student wing Student Janata Dal
Youth wing Yuva Janata Dal
Women's wing Mahila Janata Dal
Labour wing Karmikara Janata Dal
Ideology Social democracy
Social liberalism
Secularism[1]
Political position Centre
Colours Green
ECI Status State Party[2]
Alliance Third Front (2009-2015)
Janata Parivar (2015-2018)
National Democratic Alliance (2006-2007)
Left Democratic Front (2006-present)
United Progressive Alliance (2018-present)
National convener H. D. Deve Gowda
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 545
[3](currently 532 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Karnataka Legislative Assembly
36 / 224
Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly
3 / 140
Number of states and union territories in government
2 / 31
Election symbol
Janata Dal Election Symbol
Website

http://jds.ind.in [4]

Source:[5]

The Janata Dal (Secular) is an Indian political party[6] led by former Prime Minister of India, H. D. Deve Gowda. The party is recognized as a State Party in the states of Karnataka and Kerala. It was formed in July 1999 by the split of Janata Dal party.[7][8] It has a political presence mainly in Karnataka. In Kerala, the party is part of the Left Democratic Front.

History[edit]

JD(S) promotion art-work in Bangalore.

The Janata Dal (Secular), formed in 1999, had its origins in the Janata Party, founded in 1977 as a coalition of several smaller parties that combined forces to oppose the Indian National Congress.[9] In 1988 the Janata Party and other smaller parties merged to form the Janata Dal.[10][11][12] In 1996, Janata Dal reached its pinnacle when H. D. Deve Gowda became Prime Minister of India, heading the United Front (UF) coalition government.[13][14]

The Janata Dal split in 1999, when a faction led by Chief Minister J. H. Patel lent support to the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda. The Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lok Shakti and the Samata Party merged as the Janata Dal (United).[15][16] Even though the premise for the split was its opposition to allying with the National Democratic Alliance, H. D. Deve Gowda stayed equally away from the Indian National Congress from the outset.[17]

JD(S) in Karnataka state for a time governed in a coalition with the Indian National Congress (INC) party, the first coalition government in Karnataka. There was much controversy over the JD(S) allying with the INC in Bangalore as the INC formerly had an outright majority and was diminished to second place with the BJP having a plurality. However, the JD(S) considered INC to be the lesser of the two evils on account of its erstwhile secular and center left credentials.

The 2004 assembly election in Karnataka witnessed the revival of the party's fortunes with JD(S) becoming part of the ruling coalition in the state. Subsequently, party leader H. D. Kumaraswamy headed a popular coalition government in the state for 20 months with support from the BJP.[18][14]

On 14 April 2015, the JD(S), Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus leaving the UPA.[19]

Prominent Members[edit]

Chief Ministers[edit]

Assembly election history in Karnataka[edit]

Year Assembly Election Seats Contested Seats Won Votes Secured Percentage Of Votes
1999 11th Assembly 203 10 23,16,885 10.42[22]
2004 12th Assembly 220 59 52,20,121 20.77%[23]
2008 13th Assembly 219 28 49,59,252 18.96%[24]
2013 14th Assembly 222 40 63,29,864 20.09%
2018 15th Assembly 202 37 66,66,307 18.30%

Lok Sabha election history in Karnataka[edit]

Year Lok Sabha Election Seats Contested Seats Won Votes Secured Percentage Of Votes
2004 14th Lok Sabha 28 2 51,35,205 20.45%[25]
2009 15th Lok Sabha 21 3 33,35,530 13.58%
2014 16th Lok Sabha 25 2 34,06,465 11.00%[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website ideology section". Jds.ind.in. 2014-10-26. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 27 August 2018. 
  4. ^ Karnataka polls: JDS finally takes net to catch voters - News Oneindia. News.oneindia.in (2013-02-13). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  5. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/mis-Political_Parties/Constitution_of_Political_Parties%5CConstitution_of_The%20Janata%20Dal%20Secular.pdf
  6. ^ "History of Janata Dal (Secular) according to its website". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  7. ^ "EC to hear Janata Dal symbol dispute". Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  8. ^ "The Nation:Janata Dal:Divided Gains (India Today article)". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  9. ^ "britannica.com : Janata Dal (Secular)". 
  10. ^ "article on Chandrashekar". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  11. ^ "Bouquet of ideologies - article in the Hindu". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  12. ^ "Janata Dal". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  13. ^ "Profile of Deve Gowda on PMO website". Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2007. 
  14. ^ a b History « Welcome to Janata Dal (Secular) Official Website. Jds.ind.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  15. ^ "Janata.in". www.janata.in. 
  16. ^ [1] Archived 3 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ ""Gowda rules out tieup with Congress " - Tribune India article". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ "'Janata Parivar' formalised, Mulayam Singh named chief of new party | Zee News". Zeenews.india.com. 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  20. ^ "Kumaraswamy takes reins of JD(S) in Karnataka". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  21. ^ D A I J I W O R L D. D A I J I W O R L D (2011-08-10). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  22. ^ %http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/SE_1999/StatisticalReport-KT99.pdf
  23. ^ List Of Political Parties. (PDF) . Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  24. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/AE2008/stats_report_KT2008.pdf
  25. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_2004/Vol_I_LS_2004.pdf
  26. ^ "Partywise Trends & Result". 21 May 2014. 

External links[edit]