Janata Dal (United)

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Janata Dal (United)
जनता दल - एकत्र
Chairperson Sharad Yadav
Secretary-General K.C. Tyagi
Lok Sabha leader Kaushalendra Kumar
Founded 30 October 2003
Headquarters 7, Jantar Mantar Road, New Delhi-110001
Ideology Left-wing populism
Political position Centre-left
ECI Status State Party[1]
Alliance National Democratic Alliance (2003-2013)
Third Front (2014)
UPA (2014-2015)
Janata Parivar (2015-present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
12 / 245
Seats in the Legislative Assembly
71 / 243
(Bihar Legislative Assembly)
2 / 140
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Arrow.png
Politics of India
Political parties

Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) is a centre-left Indian political party with political presence mainly in Bihar, Jharkhand and Kerala.[2] The Janata Dal (United) was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lokshakti Party and the Samata Party On 30 October 2003. Janata Dal (United) party mentor and patron is the veteran socialist leader George Fernandes.
The 2015 assembly elections are very crucial for the party as in mid 2016, 5 Rajyasabha seats are falling vacant and all of these belong to the party. As the party is contesting only 101 seats out of 243, which means it could be able to send just 1 member as 41 votes are needed for each Rajyasabha seat.[3]


The Janata Dal (United)'s origins go back to before the 1999 General Elections. A faction led by then Karnataka Chief Minister J. H. Patel had lent support to the National Democratic Alliance, leading to the split in the Janata Dal leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda, who wanted to remain equidistant from both national parties; and Janata Dal under Sharad Yadav.

The Janata Dal (United) was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lokshakti Party and the Samata Party.[4] On 30 October 2003, the Samata Party led by George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar merged with the Janata Dal.The merged entity was called Janata Dal (United) with the arrow symbol of Janata Dal (United) and the green and white flag of the Samata Party.[5] The uniting force is believed to be common opposition to Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar especially after the RJD welcomed Samata Party rebels like Raghunath Jha into the party.

The JD(U) along with its alliance partner, the BJP defeated the RJD-led UPA government in Bihar in November 2005. The government is headed by JD(U) leader, Nitish Kumar and they continued to govern state. The alliance contested Indian general election, 2009 and won 32 seats. BJP won 12 while JD(U) won 20.[6] JD(U) won 115 and BJP won 91 seats in Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2010. Thus together holding 206 seats in 243 member Bihar Legislative Assembly.

Janata Dal (United) broke its 17 years old alliance with the Bharatiya Janata Party in Bihar in protest against the elevation of Narendra Modi as a head of election campaign committee of BJP for Indian general election, 2014. JD(U) President Sharad Yadav and then Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar announced their end of coalition at a press conference on 16 June 2013, exactly a week after Narendra Modi was made the BJP's campaign committee chairman, who was later made the prime ministerial candidate of NDA. Just after this split, Sharad Yadav relinquished his position as the NDA convenor. The JD(U) contested the election in Bihar in an alliance with the Communist Party of India but they won only two seats out of total forty seats of Bihar while the BJP-LJP alliance won 31 seats.[6][7][8] Following poor performance in election, Nitish Kumar resigned as Chief Minister of Bihar and Jitan Ram Manjhi sworn in as a new Chief Minister. When the trust vote was demanded by the BJP to prove majority in Bihar assembly, the RJD supported the JD(U) in the assembly on 23 May 2014 to pass the majority mark.[9]

On 14 April 2015, the JD(U), Janata Dal (Secular), Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus leaving the UPA but this could not happen for some reasons and then the Samajwadi party was offered 3 seats out of 243 assembly seats in Bihar elections which caused it to leave the alliance and fight separately.[10]

On 9 May, MLA Jitan Ram Manjhi was expelled from the JD(U) and founded the Hindustani Awam Morcha along with 17 other dissent JD(U) MLAs.[11]

Prominent members[edit]

External links[edit]