The commercial centre of Jandowae
|Population||1,246 (2011 census)|
|LGA(s)||Western Downs Region|
The first European settlers arrived in the area in the 1860s and the first documented European birth was in 1866. The town was at first called Jindowie, from the local Aboriginal word for a waterhole. Later, a man called John or Jack Dowiae established a camp and rest area for travellers called the John Dowiae camp. This led to some early settlers using the name Jondowiae. With the coming of the railway in 1914, the name was changed again to Jandowae, to avoid confusion with nearby Jondaryan. The Jandowae school was established in 1877 with thirteen students enrolled for the first year. The fertile soil allowed the development of agriculture and combined with a flourishing timber industry saw the expansion of industry and commerce and the establishment of churches, halls and banks.
Jondowaie Post Office opened on 1 January 1890 and was renamed Jandowae in 1913.
Jandowae, which was the largest town in the Wambo Shire prior to its amalgamation, is surrounded by rich alluvial soil and is one of Queensland's largest wheat growing areas. The area also produces other crops such as barley, sorghum, oats, millet, panicum, sunflower, safflower and linseed. Beef and dairy cattle are raised in the area and Jandowae is home to two large sawmills. Recently, a native flowers industry, exporting to Asia, has been developed in the area.
Facilities in the town include a P–10 school, a post office, Queensland Government Agent and a bank. There are three hotels in Jandowae known locally as the Top pub (Club Hotel), the Middle pub (The Exchange Hotel) and the Bottom pub (Jandowae Hotel), all providing meals and accommodation. Sporting facilities include bowls, golf, tennis, swimming, squash and a new skate park facility.
The dollar block promotion
In 2001, in order to stem a decline in population and economic activity and encourage new residents and industry to Jandowae, Wambo Shire Council ran a "dollar block" promotion. The promotion involved the sale of 38 parcels of land, both residential and industrial, for one dollar each. The promotion made news throughout Australia and overseas including New Zealand, Hong Kong, England and the United States. The promotion proved popular with over 1,000 applications received. To maintain fairness, a ballot system was implemented along with a condition requiring the establishment of a house on the block within 12 months or the land would return to the ballot. As a result of the promotion, the decline in population was halted and new industry was attracted to town including a manufacturer of RFID cattle ear tag readers.
The major festival in Jandowae is the Jandowae Timbertown festival. The festival, held biennially, recognises and celebrates the contribution that the timber industry has made to Jandowae and attracts 3,000 to 4,000 people to the town. Other events in the town include a senior pro-am golf tournament and the Jandowae Cup race meeting.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Jandowae (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- "JANDOWAE – our principal town". Dalby Regional Council. Retrieved 2010-09-13.
- "Jandowae". Sydney Morning Herald. 2004-02-08. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Jandowae War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- Courtney, Pip (2006-03-12). "Council's real estate gamble pays off". Landline (TV series), Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- "Jandowae Timbertown Festival". Tourism Queensland. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- "Jandowae timber festival under threat until president found". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2007-05-25. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- "Jandowae Cup a goer". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2005-02-04. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
Media related to Jandowae at Wikimedia Commons
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Jandowae
- Jandowae - the dollar block town - Community website