|Born||May 4, 1952|
Duluth, Minnesota, United States
|Occupation||Writer, academic professor|
|Subject||Feminist Theory, gender studies, psychoanalysis|
Jane Anne Gallop (born May 4, 1952) is an American professor who since 1992 has served as Distinguished Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, where she has taught since 1990.
Gallop earned a B.A. at Cornell University in 1972, and a Ph.D in French literature in 1976 at the same institution, as part of the Ford Foundation Six-Year Ph.D. Program. She taught in the French Department at Miami University in Ohio. She was Herbert S. Autrey Professor of Humanities at Rice University, where she founded the Women's Studies program, as well as serving as chair of the Department of French and Italian. She has also taught or served as a Visiting Professor, at Gettysburg College, Emory University, the University of Minnesota, Dartmouth College, Johns Hopkins University, and the Chicago Psychoanalytic Center.
She is the author of nine books, and nearly a hundred articles. In addition to psychoanalysis, especially Jacques Lacan's psychoanalytic theory (particularly in the context of the American and French feminist responses to it), she has written on topics which include psychoanalysis and feminism; the Marquis de Sade; feminist literary criticism; pedagogy; sexual harassment; photography; and queer theory. She claims that her writing can be understood, "as the consistent application of a close reading method to theoretical texts." She has taught this method of close reading theory to her students for the past 35 years.
Gallop's most controversial book addresses the issue of sexual harassment. In Feminist Accused of Sexual Harassment she documents her experiences being accused of sexual harassment at her workplace, and formulates a feminist response to the emotional episode.
Gallop also writes about her personal and professional experiences in Anecdotal Theory. She uses personal narrative as a starting point for critical essays in the hopes of producing a "more literary theory."
Living with His Camera (Duke University Press, 2003) focuses on the relationship between photography as art and photography as family history. Gallop explores how the photography of her longtime partner, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee film professor Dick Blau, chronicles their relationship and also relationships between them and their two children, Max and Ruby. On the basis of black and white photographs of them that Blau regularly took, Gallop became interested in the implications of being the photograph's subject. Blau's talent for finding the perfect picture in the mundane moment is combined with Gallop's commentary as a subject and as a scholar. Each chapter involves analysis of an influential book concerning photography—including Roland Barthes's Camera Lucida and Susan Sontag's On Photography in relation to Blau's photographs. Gallop's analysis of what she finds in the photographs focuses on male/female relationships, childhood, sibling rivalry, intimate and erotic moments, and how the camera both captures and distorts these moments. Her conclusion is that the camera has become a "third person" in her relationship with Blau, creating the triangle of photographer, camera, and subject. Then too, the camera is able to show new angles, insights, flaws, and wonders that the individual people cannot themselves see without the camera's special quality for freezing and framing moments and experiences in time.
Her critical interest in time is further explored in her most recent book, The Deaths of the Author: Reading and Writing in Time (Duke University Press, 2011) In this book Gallop revisits a familiar concept in literary criticism, the so-called "death of the author", and considers not only the abstract theoretical death of the author but also the writer's literal death. Through close readings of the literary theorists Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, she shows that the death of the author is best understood as a relation to temporality for both the reader and writer. She adds new connotations to the phrase and concept by connecting an author's theoretical, literal, and metaphoric deaths.
Bibliography of book-length works
- Intersections: A Reading of Sade with Bataille, Blanchot, and Klossowski. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1981.
- The Daughter's Seduction: Feminism and Psychoanalysis. London: Macmillan Press; and Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982.
- Reading Lacan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.
- Thinking Through the Body. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.
- Around 1981: Academic Feminist Literary Theory. New York: Routledge, 1991.
- Pedagogy: The Question of Impersonation. (ed.) Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.
- Feminist Accused of Sexual Harassment. Duke University Press. 1997.
- Anecdotal Theory. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002.
- Living with His Camera. Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.
- The Deaths of the Author: Writing and Reading in Time. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.
- Gallop, Jane. Feminist Accused of Sexual Harassment; Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1997; p. 29
- The Chronicle: Colloquy: Sexual harassment?: Background Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "PRETEXT, a Re/INter/VIEW with Jane Gallop" Archived November 6, 2006, at the Wayback Machine Discussion of Feminist Accused of Sexual Harassment by Gallop and others
- Malcolm, Janet It Happened in Milwaukee New York Review of Books October 23, 1997
- Anecdotal Theory. Durham: Duke University Press. 2002
- http://leonardo.info/reviews/nov2011/baetens_gallop.php Review of The Deaths of the Author