June 27, 1950 |
Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S.
|Known for||Painting, printmaking|
Jane R. Hammond (born 1950) is an American artist who lives and works in New York City. She was influenced by the late composer John Cage. She collaborated with the poet John Ashbery, making 62 paintings based on titles suggested by Ashbery; she also collaborated with the poet Raphael Rubinstein.
"Language has always been important to Hammond, who was the editor of her high school literary magazine" and studied poetry and biology at Mount Holyoke College before earning her BA in art in 1972. After studying ceramics at Arizona State University, she received her MFA in sculpture from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. In 1977, she moved to New York and began compiling images from instructional or scientific manuals, children's books, books on puppetry and magic, as well as charts on alchemy, animals, religion, and phrenology. From this collection she culled 276 images that functioned as her image bank for subject matter.
In 1989, Hammond received her first one-person exhibition at the New York alternative space, Exit Art. Since 1989, Hammond has exhibited internationally in Spain, Sweden, Italy, and the Netherlands.
In 1989, Hammond was invited by Bill Goldston to print at ULAE. After experimenting with monoprints, she turned to a combination of lithography, silkscreen, intaglio, and collage to achieve the complex layering of her trademark images.
In 1993, the Cincinnati Art Museum organized her first museum exhibition.
In June 1993, Hammond asked Ashbery to recommend titles for future paintings. A week later he faxed her 44 titles. By December 1994, she had employed 13 of the titles, "reusing one four times and another twice." In 1994, several of their collaborative paintings were exhibited at Jose Freire Fine Art, New York City, New York; The Freedman Gallery, Albright College, Reading, Pennsylvania and the Orlando Museum of Art, Orlando, Florida.
In 2003, Hammond became the first woman to create the poster for the French Open tennis tournament; her poster became the cover of Tennis Week magazine. Primarily a painter, Hammond also works with photographs and makes prints. She made prints at Universal Limited Art Editions and at Shark's Ink. She is represented by the Galerie Lelong in New York and the Greg Kucera Gallery in Seattle.
According to a 2002 article in the New York Times, “Ms. Hammond [aims] to make paintings 'as complicated, inconsistent, varied, multifaceted as you are, as I am, as life is.... I think my work deals very directly with the time that we live in,' Ms. Hammond said. 'There's a surfeit of information, increasingly bodiless because of the computer, and I bring to this an interest in how meaning is constructed'.... The best metaphor for the method behind her rollicking, erudite, street-smart, angst-ridden, encyclopedic paintings is writing."
The Times spoke of Hammond's "predilection for systems. For decades it has been her practice to limit all her paintings to mix-and-match selections from a total of 276 found images." Since this article was written, Hammond has moved in new directions; she no longer limits her painting to a body of found images.
Many of her works are based on dreams, such as a recent series of works in which butterflies are laid over maps of various countries. She explains her approach to painting thus:
Painting is a cross between high philosophy and cement work. My biggest way of relating to this concept of time and labor is that it is an entry point for reaching the unconscious. The layers of paint have more to do with duration than texture. I see it as a function of time, like the idea of chanting. Certain things can begin to happen because you're with the painting for long periods of time.
Hammond's work "Fallen" was first displayed at the artist's one-person exhibition at Galerie Lelong in New York in March 2005. The sculpture was accompanied by a wall text which read, "Each unique handmade leaf is inscribed by the artist with the name of a U.S. soldier killed in Iraq. The exhibition begins with 1511 leaves." The work was acquired and exhibited by the Whitney Museum of American Art in 2006 and subsequently shown at the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis, MO, the Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, OH and the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, CA. The artist has continued to update this memorial piece. The most recent exhibition opened with 4229 leaves.
“Jane Hammond: Paper Work” an exhibition which contained all manner of works on paper from 1989 through 2006 recently traveled with presentations at the Tucson Museum of Art; the Chazen Museum of Art, Madison, WI (formerly the Elvehjem Museum); the Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR; the Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY; the Achenbach Foundation at the DeYoung Museum, San Francisco, CA and the Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit, MI. The show was accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue published by Penn State Press and the Mt. Holyoke College Museum, containing essays by Faye Hirsch and Nancy Princenthal and an interview with the artist by Douglas Dreishspoon. The exhibition was organized and first presented by the Mt. Holyoke College Museum of Art (2006).
On August 11, 2007, Hammond's painting "All Souls (Piedras Negras)" sold for $75,000 at an auction at the Anderson Ranch Arts Center in Aspen, Colorado.
In 2015 Hammond spoke on a panel about drawing at the CAA conference with artists Hollis Hammonds, Richard Moninski and Elise Engler. She is a Governor for Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture where she was a resident in 1997 and faculty in 2005.
2011 FLAG Art Foundation, New York - USA Galerie Lelong, New-York - USA The Detroit Institute of the Arts, Michigan - USA 2010 Galerie Lelong, Paris - FRANCE 2009 Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego – ETATS UNIS Museum of Contemporary Art, Denver – ETATS UNIS Brevard Art Museum, Melbourne– ETATS UNIS 2008 Galerie Lelong, New York – ETATS UNIS 2007 McNay Art Museum, San Antonio – ETATS UNIS 2005 Galerie Lelong, New York – ETATS UNIS 2001 Galerie Lelong, New York – ETATS UNIS 1998 Cincinnati Museum of Art, Cincinnati – ETATS UNIS
Selected public collections
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA; Albertina, Vienna, Austria; Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY; Art Institute of Chicago, IL; Baltimore Museum of Art, MD; La Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris; Brooklyn Museum of Art, NY; Chazen Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI; Cincinnati Art Museum, OH; Colorado Collection, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO; Detroit Institute of Arts, MI; DeYoung Museum, San Francisco, CA; Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Ft. Wayne, IN; Grunwald Center for the Graphic Arts, Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Cultural Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA; Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY; Honolulu Academy of Art, HI; Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; Maryland Institute College of Art, Baltimore, DC; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY; Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI; Mount Holyoke College Art Museum, South Hadley, MA; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA; Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC; The New York Public Library, NY; Orlando Museum of Art, FL; Portland Art Museum, OR; Saint Louis Art Museum, MO; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA; San Jose Museum of Art, CA; Seattle Art Museum, WA; Toledo Museum of Art, OH; Tucson Museum of Art, AZ; Walker Art Center, MN; Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NY; Yale University Art Museum, New Haven, CT
- Hilarie M. Sheets. "Jane Hammond: 'Down the Rabbit Hole of Photography'" ARTnews. February 2013. pp. 74–79.
- Judith Stein. "The Word Made Image." Art in America. May 1995. pp. 98-101.
- Galerie Lelong
- "Galerie Lelong - Artist". www.galerielelong.com. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- "Jane Hammond - Greg Kucera Gallery - Seattle". www.gregkucera.com. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- New York Times, October 13, 2002, section 2, p. 35
- Association, College Art. "Collective Consciousness: A Dialogue on Drawing - CAA Annual Conference". conference2015.collegeart.org. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- "Trustees & Governors". Skowhegan School of Painting & Sculpture. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- Marianne Doezema (2007). Jane Hammond: Paper Work. Mount Holyoke College Art Museum. ISBN 978-0-271-02981-8.
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