Jane Randolph Jefferson
|Jane Randolph Jefferson|
February 9, 1721
Shadwell, Tower Hamlets, London, The Kingdom of Great Britain
|Died||March 31, 1776
Massachusetts, United States
Peter (died in infancy; 1748)
Peter (died in infancy; 1750)
Jane Randolph Jefferson, née Jane Randolph (February 9, 1721 – March 31, 1776) was the wife of Peter Jefferson and the mother of president Thomas Jefferson. Born in Shadwell Parish, Tower Hamlets, London, she was the daughter of Isham Randolph, a ship's captain and planter,[a] and Jane Rogers. She was a cousin of Peyton Randolph.
Early life and education
Randolph was born in Shadwell, a maritime neighborhood of London. She most likely immigrated to Virginia as a child with her family and that her education was received entirely at home. Little is known of her; Jefferson rarely mentioned his mother.
Marriage and family
Randolph married Peter Jefferson in Virginia in 1739. Together, they had the following children:
- Jane Jefferson (1740–1765) - close to her brother Thomas, she died unmarried at age 25.
- Mary Jefferson Bolling (1741–1817) - her husband John Bolling served in the Virginia House of Burgesses.
- Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), third President of the United States
- Elizabeth Jefferson (1744–1774) - mentally handicapped
- Martha Jefferson Carr (1746–1811) - her husband Dabney Carr, Thomas Jefferson's best friend, helped launch the intercolonial Committee of Correspondence in Virginia in March 1773, the first step to coordinated colonial action against Great Britain.
- Lucy Jefferson Lewis (1752–1810)
- Anna Scott Jefferson Marks (1755–1828) – twin of Randolph
- Randolph Jefferson (1755–1815) – twin of Anna Scott
|Ancestors of Jane Randolph Jefferson|
- Malone, Dumas. Jefferson, The Virginian. Jefferson and His Time. Little, Brown. 1948, 437–40.
- Brodie, Fawn M. Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History. New York: Norton, 33–34.
- "Jane Randolph Jefferson", Monticello, Thomas Jefferson Foundation
- "Jane Randolph Jefferson". Monticello. Charlottesville, Virginia: Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Inc. February 2003. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
- Jefferson personally showed little interest in his ancestry; on his father's side he only knew of the existence of his grandfather. Malone writes that Jefferson vaguely knew that his grandfather "had a place on the Fluvanna River which he called Snowden after a mountain in Wales near which the Jeffersons were supposed once to have lived".