||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|Born|| April 12, 1926
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||William P. Moss Jr.
(m.1955–1968; his death)
|Awards||★ Hollywood Walk of Fame
★ Young Artist Former Child Star "Lifetime Achievement" Award
Jane Withers (born April 12, 1926) is an American actress, model, and singer. Beginning a prolific career as a child actress at the age of three, Withers is a Young Artist Award–Former Child Star "Lifetime Achievement" Award honoree, best known for being one of the most popular child film stars of the 1930s and early 1940s, as well as for her portrayal of "Josephine the Plumber" in a series of TV commercials for Comet cleanser in the 1960s and early 1970s and probably best known for playing the obnoxious Joy Smythe in the movie she paired with Shirley Temple, Bright Eyes. Also a singer, she debuted the Jule Styne-Sammy Cahn torch song "Guess I'll Hang My Tears Out to Dry" in 1944 in Glad To See You, a Broadway-bound musical which closed out of town in Philadelphia.
Withers was born in Atlanta, Georgia to Ruth and Walter Withers who taught Bible class at the local Presbyterian church. She began her career as a child actress at the age of three, first on local radio broadcasts in Atlanta as "Dixie's Dainty Dewdrop". In the early 1930s, Withers and her mother moved to Hollywood where she worked as a child model and a bit part player in several films in 1932 and 1933. Her big break came when she landed a supporting role in the 1934 Shirley Temple film Bright Eyes. Her character Joy Smythe was spoiled and obnoxious, a perfect foil to Temple's sweet personality.
Through the remainder of the 1930s, Withers starred in several movies every year, including Ginger (1935), Paddy O'Day (1935), The Farmer Takes a Wife (1935), and Little Miss Nobody (1936). She was usually cast as a wholesome, meddlesome young girl in films less sugary than Temple's vehicles. Moviegoers flocked to see her films, and Withers became one of the top 10 box-office stars in 1937 and 1938. Her popularity was such that Fox gave her "name" co-stars: the Ritz Brothers (in Pack Up Your Troubles) and Gene Autry (in Shooting High).
She wrote the original story filmed as Small Town Deb (using the pseudonym Jerrie Walters). In 1979, she was honored by the Young Artist Foundation with its very first Former Child Star "Lifetime Achievement" Award recognizing her outstanding achievements within the film industry as a child actress.
Depictions in fiction
Withers was the heroine of two novels, Jane Withers and the Hidden Room (1942, by Eleanor Packer) and Jane Withers and the Phantom Violin, (1943, by Roy J. Snell), published by Whitman Publishing Company, where "the heroine has the same name and appearance as the famous actress but has no connection ... it is as though the famous actress has stepped into an alternate reality in which she is an ordinary person." However, in 1944's Jane Withers and the Swamp Wizard (1944, by Kathryn Heisenfelt), "the heroine is identified as a famous actress". The stories were probably written for a young teenage audience and are reminiscent of the adventures of Nancy Drew. They are part of a series known as "Whitman Authorized Editions", sixteen books published between 1941-47 that featured a film actress as heroine.
Withers kept working in the 1940s; she made sixteen films for Fox, Columbia, and Republic Pictures. Her "sweet sixteen" birthday party was filmed by Paramount for the Hedda Hopper's Hollywood series.
Marriages and personal life
In 1947, in her early twenties, Withers retired for several years from acting, after marrying wealthy Texas oil man, William P. Moss, Jr., (they wed on September 20, 1947), and had three children by him — William, Wendy, and Randy. Randy died in 1986. The marriage lasted six years until their divorce on July 20, 1955.
On October 23, 1955, she remarried, this time to Kenneth Errair, at that time one-quarter of the harmonizing group "The Four Freshmen", having in 1953 repaced Hal Kratzsch. They had two children, Ken and Kendall Jane. The same year, she earned a supporting role as Vashti Snythe in Giant, during which she became friends with James Dean.
In the DVD special features she tells the story that Dean had a favorite pink cowboy shirt he wore all the time. He never let it go the laundry for fear it would be lost like the other shirts he had. Withers convinced him to let her wash it for him. She did this often and when he left to go to the race he gave her his shirt to wash and have ready for him when he came back. Dean died that day in the fateful fatal car wreck in California.
Josephine the Plumber fame
Withers appeared in various television series in the early 1960s, including the CBS sitcom Pete and Gladys, in the role of Wilma in the 1962 episode "Step on Me"; the CBS anthology series General Electric Theater, hosted by Ronald W. Reagan; and the CBS adventure series The Aquanauts, starring Keith Larsen and Jeremy Slate. She was cast in 1963 as Edith Swinney in the episode "How to Get Rid of Your Wife" on CBS's The Alfred Hitchcock Hour.
By the middle 1960s, she gained recognition again as "Josephine the Plumber", a character in a long-running series of television commercials for Comet cleanser, and the veteran TV-ad pitchwoman's well-known character lasted into the 1970s, and even further in the 1980s when her niece, JoAnn or Jo, would show her customers a picture of her Aunt Josephine. During this time, she continued to do voice-over work and occasional guest-starring appearances on television. A December 15, 2008, Advertising Age article about Flo, the Progressive Insurance TV commercial character played by Stephanie Courtney, said that Flo, "... is a weirdly sincere, post-modern Josephine the Plumber who just really wants to help. She has: The brand is flourishing."
On June 14, 1968, her husband of fourteen years, Kenneth Errair, was killed in a plane crash in California.
Withers' son, Walter Randall "Randy" Moss (by her first marriage), died on January 15, 1986, two days after his 34th birthday.
In the 1935 film, Paddy O'Day, Withers' co-star was Rita Cansino, who later became known as Rita Hayworth. The two became friends. 52 years later, Withers gave the eulogy at Hayworth's funeral in 1987.
- Hollywood Hobbies (1939)
- Meet the Stars #1: Chinese Garden Festival (1941)
- Meet the Stars #6: Stars at Play (1941)
- Hedda Hopper's Hollywood No. 2 (1941)
- Hedda Hopper's Hollywood No. 4 (1942)
- Screen Snapshots: Fashions and Rodeo (1945)
- Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Small Fry (1956)
- Boxes (2005)
- Nancy Anderson (December 7, 1973). "Jane Withers tells how she started". Lodi News-Sentinel.
- "Jane Withers". imdb.com. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- "1st Annual Youth in Film Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Retrieved 2011-03-31.
- Whitman Authorized Editions for Girls; accessed September 10, 2009.
- The Bobby Awards, Advertising Age, December 15, 2008.
- Jane Withers at the Internet Movie Database
- Jane Withers at AllMovie
- Biographical information and vintage photographs of Jane Withers