Janet E. Courtney
|Janet E. Courtney|
|Born||Janet Elizabeth Hogarth
|Alma mater||Lady Margaret Hall|
|Occupation||essayist, feminist, editor|
|Employer||Bank of England|
|Spouse(s)||William Leonard Courtney|
Janet Elizabeth Courtney (born Barton-on-Humber 27 November 1865; died London 24 September 1954) was a scholar, writer and feminist.
She was a daughter of the Revd George Hogarth and Jane Elizabeth Uppleby; sister of the archaeologist David George Hogarth. She was educated at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, 1885-1888 and was awarded a first class degree in Philosophy.
She first had a part-time teaching post at Cheltenham Ladies' College, then worked as a clerk for the Royal Commission on Labour, 1892–94; was the first superintendent of women clerks of the Bank of England, 1894-1906; Librarian of The Times Book Club, 1906-1910; and on the editorial staff of the Encyclopædia Britannica 1906-1914 and 1920-22. She was joint-editor for indexing of the 11th and 12th editions and contributed 700 of the shorter biographies for the former and signed articles on women to the latter.
She was adviser on staff welfare to the Ministry of Munitions 1916-1917 and in the latter year was awarded an OBE. She was also a JP. She was a Board member of the Executive Committee of the Carnegie United Kingdom Trust from 1913. Following the death of her husband in 1928 she became acting editor of the Fortnightly Review from November 1928 to June 1929.
She was the author of a number of books of aspects of feminism as well as several volumes of reminiscences that contain valuable insights into her working life at the Bank of England, The Times and the Encyclopædia Britannica.
As Janet Hogarth
- The Modern French Drama. Seven essays ... 1898, Translated by J. E. Hogarth.
- The Woman's Library 1903 In Vol. 1. "Education and professions: The higher education of women"
As Janet E. Courtney
- Pillars of Empire (with W. L. Courtney), 1918
- Freethinkers of the nineteenth century, 1920
- The making of an editor, 1930 (A biography of her husband)
- Recollected in Tranquility, 1930
- An Oxford Portrait Gallery, 1931
- Countrywomen in Council, 1933 ( A study of the Women's Institutes)
- The Adventurous Thirties, 1933 (Prominent women of the 1830s)
- The Women of my Time, 1934
- Simple Annals, 1936
- Who was Who, 1951–60, p 246
- British Library on-line catalogue.
- G. Thomas, A Position to Command Respect:women and the eleventh Britannica, (1992)
- Gillian Thomas, Hogarth, Janet Elizabeth (1865-1954), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004
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