Janet Leigh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Janet Leigh
Janet Leigh 1954 portrait.png
Leigh in 1954
Born
Jeanette Helen Morrison

(1927-07-06)July 6, 1927
DiedOctober 3, 2004(2004-10-03) (aged 77)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeWestwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery
Alma materUniversity of the Pacific
Occupation
  • Actress
  • singer
  • dancer
  • author
Years active1947–2004
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
  • John Carlisle
    (m. 1942; annulled 1942)
  • Stanley Reames
    (m. 1945; div. 1949)
  • Tony Curtis
    (m. 1951; div. 1962)
  • Robert Brandt (m. 1962)
ChildrenKelly Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis

Janet Leigh (born Jeanette Helen Morrison; July 6, 1927 – October 3, 2004) was an American actress, singer, dancer, and author. Raised in Stockton, California, by working-class parents, Leigh was discovered at age eighteen by actress Norma Shearer, who helped her secure a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Leigh had her first formal foray into acting appearing in radio programs before making her film debut in The Romance of Rosy Ridge (1947).

Early in her career, she appeared in several popular films for MGM which spanned a wide variety of genres, including Act of Violence (1948), Little Women (1949), Angels in the Outfield (1951), Scaramouche (1952), The Naked Spur (1953), and Living It Up (1954). Leigh played mostly dramatic roles during the latter half of the 1950s, in such films as Safari (1956) and Orson Welles's film noir Touch of Evil (1958), but achieved her most lasting recognition as the doomed Marion Crane in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960), which earned her a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.

Her highly publicized marriage to actor Tony Curtis ended in divorce in 1962, and after starring in The Manchurian Candidate that same year, Leigh scaled back her career. Intermittently, she continued to appear in films, including Bye Bye Birdie (1963), Harper (1966), Night of the Lepus (1972), and Boardwalk (1979). In late 1975, she made her Broadway debut in a production of Murder Among Friends. She would also go on to appear in two horror films with her daughter, Jamie Lee Curtis: The Fog (1980) and Halloween H20: 20 Years Later (1998).

In addition to her work as an actress, Leigh also wrote four books between 1984 and 2002, two of which were novels. She died in October 2004 at age 77, following a year-long battle with vasculitis, an inflammation of the blood vessels.

Early life[edit]

The only child of Helen Lita (née Westergaard) and Frederick Robert Morrison, Leigh was born Jeanette Helen Morrison on July 6, 1927 in Merced, California.[1] Her maternal grandparents were immigrants from Denmark,[2] and her father had Scots-Irish and German ancestry.[3] Shortly after Leigh's birth, the family relocated to Stockton, where she spent her early life.[4] She was brought up in poverty, as her father struggled to support the family with his factory employment, and he took various additional jobs after the Great Depression.[5]

Leigh was raised Presbyterian and sang in the local church choir throughout her childhood.[6] In 1941, when her paternal grandfather became terminally ill, the family relocated to Merced where they moved into her grandparents' home.[7] She attended Weaver Grammar School in Stockton,[8] and later Stockton High School.[9] Leigh excelled in academics and graduated from high school at age sixteen.[9]

In September 1943, she enrolled at the College of the Pacific (now University of the Pacific), where she majored in music and psychology.[10] While in college, she joined the Alpha Theta Tau sorority,[11] and also sang with the college's a cappella choir.[7] In order to help support her family, she spent Christmas and summer vacations working at retail shops and dime stores, as well as working at the college's information desk during her studies.[7]

Career[edit]

Discovery and radio appearances[edit]

Leigh pictured at age eighteen; actress Norma Shearer helped facilitate her contract with MGM based on this photo

In the winter of 1945–6, actress Norma Shearer was vacationing at Sugar Bowl, a ski resort in the Sierra Nevada mountains where Leigh's parents were working at the time.[12][13] In the resort lobby, Shearer noticed a photograph of Leigh taken by the ski club photographer over the Christmas holiday, which he had printed and placed in a photo album available for guests to browse.[9] Upon returning to Los Angeles, Shearer showed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) talent agent Lew Wasserman the photograph of the then-eighteen-year-old Leigh (Shearer's late husband Irving Thalberg had been a senior executive at MGM). She would later recall that "that smile made it the most fascinating face I had seen in years. I felt I had to show that face to somebody at the studio."[14]

Through her association with MGM, Shearer was able to facilitate screen tests for Leigh with Selena Royle,[15] after which Wasserman negotiated a contract for her, despite her having no acting experience.[16] Leigh dropped out of college that year, and was soon placed under the tutelage of drama coach Lillian Burns.[17] Prior to beginning her film career, Leigh was a guest star on the radio dramatic anthology The Cresta Blanca Hollywood Players. Her initial appearance on radio[18] at age 19[19] was in the program's production "All Through the House," a Christmas special that aired on December 24, 1946.[20]

Early films[edit]

Leigh in the trailer for Little Women (1949)

Leigh made her film debut in the big budget film The Romance of Rosy Ridge in 1947, as the romantic interest of Van Johnson's character. She got the role when performing Phyllis Thaxter's long speech in Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo for the head of the studio talent department.[17] During the shooting, Leigh's name was first changed to "Jeanette Reames", then to "Janet Leigh" and finally back to her birth name "Jeanette Morrison", because "Janet Leigh" resembled Vivien Leigh too much.[21] However, Johnson did not like the name and it was finally changed back to "Janet Leigh" (pronounced "Lee").[21] Leigh initially left college for a film career, but enrolled in night school at the University of Southern California in 1947.[22]

Leigh on the set of The Red Danube (1950)

Immediately after the film's release, Leigh was cast opposite Walter Pidgeon and Deborah Kerr in If Winter Comes in the summer of 1947.[23] Furthermore, due to the box office success of The Romance of Rosy Ridge, Leigh and Johnson were teamed up again in a film project called The Life of Monty Stratton in August 1947.[24] The project was eventually shelved and released in 1949 as The Stratton Story, starring James Stewart and June Allyson. Another film that Leigh was set to star in, before being replaced, was Alias a Gentleman, in which she was cast in April 1947.[25] By late 1947, Leigh was occupied with the shooting of the Lassie film Hills of Home (1948), the first film in which she received star billing.[26] In late 1948, Leigh was hailed the "No. 1 glamour girl" of Hollywood, although known for her polite, generous and down-to-earth persona.[27]

Many movies followed, notably the box-office hit Little Women (1949), based on the novel by Louisa May Alcott, and the drama The Red Danube (1950), which earned her critical acclaim.[28] Leigh proved versatile for MGM, starring in films as diverse as the baseball farce Angels in the Outfield in 1951 and the tense western The Naked Spur in 1953.[29] From 1951-54 Leigh and her husband, Tony Curtis, appeared in numerous home movies directed by their friend Jerry Lewis. Leigh credited the experimental and informal nature of these films for allowing her to stretch her acting ability and attempt new roles.[30] In 1953, Leigh and her husband appeared as guests on Martin and Lewis' Colgate Comedy Hour, and then, in 1954, she had a supporting role in the Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis comedy Living It Up; then opposite Robert Wagner in Technicolor adventure film Prince Valiant.[31]

Her initial roles were ingenues based on characters from historical literature, for example in Scaramouche opposite Stewart Granger.[32] In 1955, Leigh played the title role in the musical comedy My Sister Eileen, co-starring Jack Lemmon, Betty Garrett and Dick York. By 1956, she moved to more complex dramatic roles, such as the role of Linda Latham in Safari opposite Victor Mature.[33]

Leading roles and Psycho[edit]

Leigh's performance in the Harry Houdini biopic Houdini (1953) marked the first of five films in which she co-starred opposite her then-husband, Tony Curtis.[34] She would subsequently appear opposite Curtis in The Black Shield of Falworth (1954), The Vikings (1958), The Perfect Furlough (1958) and Who Was That Lady? (1960). They also had cameos together in a sixth film, Pepe (1960).[35]

Leigh in Touch of Evil (1958)

In 1958, Leigh starred as Susan Vargas in the Orson Welles film noir classic Touch of Evil (1958) with Charlton Heston, a film with numerous similarities to Alfred Hitchcock's later film Psycho, which was produced two years after Touch of Evil; in it, she plays a tormented newlywed in a Mexican border town.[36] Leigh would later describe shooting the film as a "great experience," but added: "Universal just couldn't understand it, so they recut it. Gone was the undisciplined but brilliant film Orson had made."[12]

In 1960, Leigh was cast in her most well-known role, as the morally-ambiguous murder victim Marion Crane in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960), co-starring with John Gavin and Anthony Perkins.[37] Leigh was reportedly so traumatized by filming her character's shower murder scene that she went to great lengths to avoid showers for the rest of her life.[38] For her performance, she received a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.[39]

Leigh's role in Psycho became career-defining,[40] and she later commented: "I've been in a great many films, but I suppose if an actor can be remembered for one role then they're very fortunate. And in that sense I'm fortunate."[38] Her character's death early in the film has been noted as historically relevant by film scholars as it violated narrative conventions of the time,[41] while her murder scene itself is considered among both critics and film scholars to be one of the most iconic scenes in film history.[42][43]

In the following decade, Leigh had starring roles in many other films, including the stark drama The Manchurian Candidate (1962) with Frank Sinatra,[44] and the musical comedy Bye Bye Birdie (1963) based on the hit Broadway show.[45] Following those two films, the recently divorced/remarried Leigh took a break from her acting career and turned down several roles, including the role of Simone Clouseau in The Pink Panther, because she did not want to go off on location and away from her family.[46]

Television and later roles[edit]

In 1966, she portrayed Paul Newman's estranged wife in the private-detective story Harper opposite Lauren Bacall, and appeared with Jerry Lewis for the comedy Three on a Couch. She also appeared in a lead role in An American Dream (1966), based on the Norman Mailer novel of the same name; the film received critical backlash, with a review in The New York Times deeming it the worst film of the year.[47] Leigh worked frequently in television from the late 1960s onward. Her initial television appearances were on anthology programs such as Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre and The Red Skelton Hour, and later, Tales of the Unexpected. She also starred in several made-for-TV films, most notably the off-length (135 minutes instead of the usual 100) The House on Greenapple Road, which premiered on ABC in January 1970 to high ratings.

In 1972, Leigh starred in the science fiction film Night of the Lepus with Stuart Whitman as well as the drama One Is a Lonely Number with Trish Van Devere. In 1975, she played a retired Hollywood song and dance star opposite Peter Falk and John Payne in the Columbo episode Forgotten Lady. The episode utilizes footage of Leigh from the film Walking My Baby Back Home (1953).

Her many guest appearances on television series include The Man from U.N.C.L.E. two-part episode, "The Concrete Overcoat Affair", in which she played a sadistic Thrush agent named Miss Dyketon, a highly provocative role for mainstream television at the time. The two-part episode was released in Europe as a feature film entitled The Spy in the Green Hat (1967).[48] She also appeared in the title role in The Virginian episode "Jenny" (1970), the Murder, She Wrote episode "Doom with a View" (1987), as Barbara LeMay in an episode of The Twilight Zone (1989) and the Touched by an Angel episode "Charade" (1997). She guest-starred twice as different characters on both Fantasy Island and The Love Boat. In 1973, she appeared in the episode "Beginner's Luck" of the romantic anthology series Love Story.

Leigh made her stage debut opposite Jack Cassidy in the original Broadway production of Murder Among Friends, which opened at the Biltmore Theatre on December 28, 1975.[49] The play ran for seventeen performances, closing on January 10, 1976.[49] The play received varied reviews, with some critics from preview screenings disliking the show.[50] In 1979, Leigh appeared in a supporting role in Boardwalk opposite Ruth Gordon and Lee Strasberg, and received critical praise, with Vincent Canby of The New York Times lauding it as her "best role in years."[51]

Leigh subsequently appeared opposite her daughter, Jamie Lee Curtis, in John Carpenter's supernatural horror film The Fog (1980), in which a phantom schooner unleashes ghosts on a small coastal community.[52] Leigh would appear opposite her daughter once again in Halloween H20: 20 Years Later (1998), playing the secretary of Laurie Strode.[53] Her final film credit was in the teen film Bad Girls from Valley High (2005), opposite Christopher Lloyd.[40]

Writing[edit]

In addition to her work as an actress, Leigh also authored four books. Her first, the memoir There Really Was a Hollywood (1984), became a New York Times bestseller. In 1995, she published the non-fiction book Psycho: Behind the Scenes of the Classic Thriller. In 1996, she published her first novel, House of Destiny, which explored the lives of two friends who forged an empire that would change the course of Hollywood's history. The book's success spawned a follow-up novel, The Dream Factory (2002), which was set in Hollywood during the height of the studio system.

Personal life[edit]

Leigh with husband Tony Curtis, 1954

During her final year of high school at age fifteen, Leigh married eighteen-year-old John Kenneth Carlisle in Reno, Nevada, on August 1, 1942.[a] The marriage was annulled four months later on December 28, 1942.[54] While a student at the College of the Pacific, Leigh met Stanley Reames, a U.S. Navy sailor who was enrolled at a nearby V-12 Program.[9] Leigh and Reames married on October 5, 1945 when she was eighteen; their marriage, however, was also short-lived, and they divorced two years later[55] on September 7, 1949.

On June 4, 1951, Leigh married actor Tony Curtis in a private ceremony in Greenwich, Connecticut.[56] The couple had two children, Kelly (b. 1956) and Jamie Lee (b. 1958), who both subsequently became actresses. Leigh and Curtis's marriage was widely publicized in the media, and a frequent topic in gossip columns and film tabloids.[57] In 1962, Curtis had divorce papers served to Leigh on the set of The Manchurian Candidate.[58] Leigh would later comment that their divorce was the result of "outside problems", which included the death of Curtis's father.[59]

On September 15, 1962, shortly after her divorce from Curtis was finalized, Leigh married stockbroker Robert Brandt (1927-2009) in a private ceremony in Las Vegas, Nevada.[60] She remained married to Brandt for 42 years until her death in 2004.[12]

Leigh was a lifelong Democrat and appeared alongside Tony Curtis at the 1960 Democratic National Convention in support of John F. Kennedy.[61] She also served on the board of directors of the Motion Picture and Television Foundation, a medical-services provider for actors.[62]

Honors[edit]

Memorial at Janet Leigh Plaza in downtown Stockton

Leigh was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree at the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California, on May 14, 2004, where she had attended college.[10] At the time, Leigh's health was compromised by vasculitis, and she delivered a speech at the ceremony from a wheelchair.[10] On October 13, 2006, Jamie Lee Curtis and Kelly Curtis unveiled a bronze plaque of their mother to honor her early life in Stockton. The memorial is located in the downtown Stockton plaza adjacent to the City Center Cinemas, since renamed "Janet Leigh Plaza."

Leigh was honored posthumously by University of the Pacific with the naming of the "Janet Leigh Theatre" on the Stockton campus on June 25, 2010. The plaque at the theatre reads as follows:

Pacific's Janet Leigh Theatre - Made possible by a generous gift from the Robert Brandt and Janet Leigh Brandt Estate. The Janet Leigh Theatre was created to bind the experiences and friendships that Janet Leigh valued while a student at Pacific. This memorial is a tribute to her life and career in the Stockton region as well as her magnificent contributions to the Hollywood film industry as an actress, wife, mother and humanitarian. Dedicated Friday, June 25, 2010.[63]

Death[edit]

Leigh's grave in Brentwood

Leigh died at her home in Los Angeles on October 3, 2004, at age 77, after a protracted battle with vasculitis.[64] She was cremated, and her ashes interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Brentwood, Los Angeles.

Filmography[edit]

Theatrical films[edit]

Year Title Role Notes Ref.
1947 The Romance of Rosy Ridge Lissy Anne MacBean [65]
1947 If Winter Comes Effie Bright [65]
1948 Hills of Home Margit Mitchell Alternative titles: Danger in the Hills and Master of Lassie [65]
1948 Words and Music Dorothy Feiner Rodgers [65]
1949 How to Smuggle a Hernia Across the Border Short film [32]
1949 Act of Violence Edith Enley [65]
1949 Little Women Meg March [65]
1949 The Red Danube Maria Buhlen [65]
1949 The Doctor and the Girl Evelyn Heldon Alternative title: Bodies and Souls [65]
1949 That Forsyte Woman June Forsyte Alternative title: The Forsyte Saga [65]
1949 Holiday Affair Connie Ennis [65]
1951 Strictly Dishonorable Isabelle Perry [65]
1951 Angels in the Outfield Jennifer Paige [65]
1951 Two Tickets to Broadway Nancy Peterson [65]
1951 It's a Big Country Rosa Szabo Xenophon [65]
1952 Just This Once Lucy Duncan [65]
1952 Scaramouche Aline de Gavrillac de Bourbon [65]
1952 Fearless Fagan Abby Ames [65]
1953 The Naked Spur Lina Patch [65]
1953 Confidentially Connie Connie Bedloe [65]
1953 Houdini Bess Houdini [65]
1953 Walking My Baby Back Home Chris Hall [65]
1954 Prince Valiant Princess Aleta [65]
1954 Living It Up Wally Cook [65]
1954 The Black Shield of Falworth Lady Anne [65]
1954 Rogue Cop Karen Stephanson [65]
1955 Pete Kelly's Blues Ivy Conrad [65]
1955 My Sister Eileen Eileen Sherwood [65]
1956 Safari Linda Latham [65]
1957 Jet Pilot Lt. Anna Marladovna Shannon / Olga Orlief [65]
1958 Touch of Evil Susan Vargas [65]
1958 The Vikings Morgana [65]
1958 The Perfect Furlough Lt. Vicki Loren [65]
1960 Who Was That Lady? Ann Wilson Laurel Award for Top Female Comedy Performance (4th place) [65]
1960 Psycho Marion Crane Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Laurel Award for Top Female Supporting Performance (2nd place)
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
[65]
1960 Pepe Herself Laurel Award for Top Female Comedy Performance [65]
1962 The Manchurian Candidate Eugenie Rose Chaney [65]
1963 Bye Bye Birdie Rosie DeLeon [65]
1963 Wives and Lovers Bertie Austin [65]
1966 Kid Rodelo Nora [65]
1966 Harper Susan Harper Alternative title: The Moving Target [65]
1966 Three on a Couch Dr. Elizabeth Acord [65]
1966 An American Dream Cherry McMahon Alternative title: See You in Hell, Darling [65]
1967 The Spy in the Green Hat Miss Diketon [66]
1967 Grand Slam Mary Ann Alternative title: Ad ogni costo [65]
1969 Hello Down There Vivian Miller Alternative title: Sub-A-Dub-Dub [65]
1972 One Is a Lonely Number Gert Meredith Alternative title: Two Is a Happy Number [65]
1972 Night of the Lepus Gerry Bennett Alternative title: Rabbits [65]
1979 Boardwalk Florence Cohen [65]
1980 The Fog Kathy Williams [65]
1985 The Fantasy Film Worlds of George Pal Herself Documentary film [67]
1998 Halloween H20: 20 Years Later Norma Watson [52]
2005 Bad Girls from Valley High Mrs. Witt Filmed in 2000; released posthumously (final film role) [40]

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1954 What's My Line Mystery Guests Appeared 3 times a Guest and once a panelist between 1954-1961.
1957 Schlitz Playhouse of Stars Mother Episode: "Carriage from Britain"
1964 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Carol Hartley Episode: "Murder in the First"
1965 The Bob Hope Special Herself Television special
1966 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Virginia Ballard Episode: "Dear Deductible"
1966 The Man from U.N.C.L.E. Miss Diketon Episodes - "The Concrete Overcoat Affair" (Parts 1 & 2)
1966 The Red Skelton Show Daisy June Episode: "Jerk Be Nimble"
1967 The Jerry Lewis Show Miss Fagelter Episode #1.4
1967 The Dean Martin Show Herself Season 3 Episode 4
1968 The Bob Hope Special Herself Television special
1968 The Danny Thomas Hour Liza Merrick Episode: "One for My Baby"
1969 The Monk Janice Barnes Television film
1969 The Red Skelton Show Clara Appleby Episode: "It's Better to Have Loved and Lost - Much Better"
1969 Honeymoon with a Stranger Sandra Latham Television film
1970 House on Greenapple Road Marian Ord Television film
1970 The Virginian Jenny Davis Episode: "Jenny"
1970 Bracken's World Maggie Morgan Episode: "The Anonymous Star"
1971 The Name of the Game Glory Bates Episode: "The Man Who Killed a Ghost"
1971 My Wives Jane Jane Franklin Television pilot
1971 The Deadly Dream Laurel Hanley Television film
1973 Circle of Fear Carol Episode: "Death's Head"
1973 Murdock's Gang Laura Talbot Television film
1973 Love Story Leonie Episode: "Beginner's Luck"
1975 Movin' On Nina Smith Episode: "Weddin' Bells"
1975 Columbo Grace Wheeler Episode: "Forgotten Lady"
1977 Murder at the World Series Karen Weese Television film
1977 Telethon Elaine Cotten Television film
1978 The Love Boat Gail Episode: "Till Death Do Us Part-Maybe/Locked Away/Chubs"
1979 Fantasy Island Carol Gates Episode: "Birthday Party/Ghostbreaker"
1979 Mirror, Mirror Millie Gorman Television film
1982 Tales of the Unexpected Joan Stackpole Episode: "Light Fingers"
1982 Matt Houston Ramona Launders Episode: "Who Would Kill Ramona?"
1982 Fantasy Island Suzanne King Episode: "Roller Derby Dolls/Thanks a Million"
1985 The Love Boat Joan Philipps Episode: "Instinct/Unmade for Each Other/BOS"
1985 On Our Way Kate Walsh Television film
1986 Starman Antonia Weyburn Episode: "Society's Pet"
1987 Murder, She Wrote Cornelia Montaigne Harper Episode: "Doom with a View"
1989 The Twilight Zone Barbara LeMay Episode: "Rendezvous in a Dark Place"
1997 Touched by an Angel Vera King Episode: "Charades"
1999 In My Sister's Shadow Kay Connor Television film
2001 Family Law Mary Sawyer Episode: "The Quality of Mercy"

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Title Episode
1952 Lux Radio Theatre Strictly Dishonorable [68]
1952 Stars in the Air Model Wife [69]

Stage credits[edit]

Title Role Opening date Closing date Venue Notes
Murder Among Friends Angela Forrester December 28, 1975 January 10, 1976 Biltmore Theatre Broadway debut

Publications[edit]

  • There Really Was a Hollywood. Doubleday, 1984; ISBN 0-385-19035-2.
  • Psycho: Behind the Scenes of the Classic Thriller. Harmony Books, 1995; ISBN 0-517-70112-X.
  • House of Destiny. Mira Books, 1996; ISBN 1-551-66159-4.
  • The Dream Factory. Mira Books, 2002; ISBN 1-551-66874-2.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For dramatic reasons, an article "Janet Leigh's Own Story—″I Was a Child Bride at 14!″", in the December 1960 issue of Motion Picture Magazine, wrongly stated the marriage occurred in 1941, while she was only fourteen years old.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Capua 2013, p. 4.
  2. ^ Leigh 1984, p. 6.
  3. ^ "German ancestry Politicians in California". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
  4. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 4–6, 8.
  5. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 5–7.
  6. ^ Capua 2013, p. 8.
  7. ^ a b c Capua 2013, p. 9.
  8. ^ Capua 2013, p. 7.
  9. ^ a b c d Capua 2013, p. 10.
  10. ^ a b c Capua 2013, p. 146.
  11. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 9–10.
  12. ^ a b c Muskal, Michael (October 4, 2004). "Actress Janet Leigh Dies at 77". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  13. ^ Capua 2013, p. 12.
  14. ^ "'Luckiest' Photograph Changed Whole Life for a College Girl", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 16, 1947, p. 1
  15. ^ Capua 2013, p. 13.
  16. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 17–22.
  17. ^ a b "A Fairy Tale That Came True" by Victor Gunson, The Daily Times, October 3, 1946, p. 14
  18. ^ Dunning, John. (1976). Tune in Yesterday: The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio, 1925-1976. Prentice-Hall, Inc. ISBN 0-13-932616-2. pp. 283–284.
  19. ^ Molyneaux, Gerard (1995), Gregory Peck: A Bio-bibliography. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-28668-X. p. 214.
  20. ^ Capua 2013, p. 228.
  21. ^ a b "Hayward And Bacall Bid For Novel, 'Ronnie Harper'" by Sheilah Graham, The Miami News, December 2, 1946, p. 11
  22. ^ "Van's Leading Lady Returns to School", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, March 2, 1947
  23. ^ "If Winter Comes". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  24. ^ "Gadding About Hollywood" by Sheilah Graham, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 3, 1947
  25. ^ "Screen and Stage News" by Hedda Hopper, Toledo Blade, April 15, 1947
  26. ^ "Janet Leigh Wins Star Billing", Deseret News, January 26, 1948, p. 14
  27. ^ "MGM Convinces All Except Janet Leigh Of Her Glamor" by Virginia MacPherson, The Modesto Bee, November 22, 1948, p. 20
  28. ^ Capua 2013, p. 155.
  29. ^ Capua 2013, p. 58.
  30. ^ "Janet Leight 1995 Interview Part 1". soapboxprod – via Youtube.
  31. ^ Capua 2013, p. 172.
  32. ^ a b Capua 2013, p. 51.
  33. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 75–8, 179.
  34. ^ Capua 2013, p. 61.
  35. ^ Capua 2013, p. 103.
  36. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 84, 181.
  37. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 96–9.
  38. ^ a b Weinraub, Bernard (May 1, 1995). "'Psycho' in Janet Leigh's Psyche". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  39. ^ Capua 2013, p. 104.
  40. ^ a b c Capua 2013, p. 145.
  41. ^ Martin, Joel (1995). Ostwalt, Conrad E. Jr., ed. Screening The Sacred: Religion, Myth, And Ideology In Popular American Film. Avalon Publishing. pp. 19–21. ISBN 978-0-813-38830-4.
  42. ^ Nordine, Michael (October 22, 2017). "'Psycho': The Iconic Shower Scene Gets Dissected by Janet Leigh's Body Double". Indiewire. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  43. ^ Hodgkinson, Will (March 29, 2010). "Secrets of the Psycho shower". The Guardian. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  44. ^ Capua 2013, p. 109.
  45. ^ Capua 2013, p. 113.
  46. ^ Leigh, Janet (1984). There Really Was a Hollywood. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385190350.
  47. ^ Capua 2013, p. 197.
  48. ^ Capua 2013, p. 249.
  49. ^ a b "Murder Among Friends". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  50. ^ Capua 2013, p. 138.
  51. ^ Capua 2013, p. 141.
  52. ^ a b Capua 2013, p. 204.
  53. ^ Capua 2013, p. 144.
  54. ^ a b "Carlisle v. Fawcett Publications, Inc., 201 Cal.App.2d 733". Archived from the original on October 29, 2015. Retrieved December 29, 2017 – via Justia.
  55. ^ Holley, Joe (October 5, 2004). "'Psycho' Slashing Star Janet Leigh Dies at Age 77". Washington Post. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  56. ^ Capua 2013, p. 48.
  57. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 65, 112.
  58. ^ "Tony Curtis biography". biography.com. A&E Television Networks. Archived from the original on September 7, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
  59. ^ Campbell, Caren Weiner (May 30, 1997). "Flashback: Tony Curtis and Janet Leigh marry". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  60. ^ Capua 2013, p. 117.
  61. ^ Capua 2013, pp. 103, 122.
  62. ^ Herdoon, Dalit (October 4, 2004). "'Psycho' star Janet Leigh dies". CNN. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  63. ^ "Janet Leigh Theatre". University of the Pacific. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  64. ^ Ebert, Roger (October 5, 2004). "Janet Leigh Dies at 77". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av "Janet Leigh". American Film Institute Catalog. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  66. ^ Capua 2013, p. 266.
  67. ^ Capua 2013, p. 223.
  68. ^ Kirby, Walter (December 7, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 52. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  69. ^ Kirby, Walter (February 10, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 38. Retrieved June 2, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]