Jang (Korean surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jang
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJang
McCune–ReischauerChang

Jang, Chang and (less often) Zang are romanizations of the common Korean surname , previously several separate surnames derived from the Chinese surnames Zhang (Hanja ), Zhang (), Zhuang () and Jiang (). As of the South Korean census of 2015, there were 1,021,107 people by this name in South Korea or 2.05% of the population.[1] The Korean family name "장" is mostly derived from (992,721), which is also the third-most-common surname in China.

Romanization[edit]

In a study by the National Institute of the Korean Language based on 2007 application data for South Korean passports, it was found that 84.5% of people with this surname spelled it in Latin letters as Jang in their passports. Another 14.9% spelled it as Chang, and 0.2% as Zhang. Rare alternative spellings included Jahng and Jean.[2]

Distribution[edit]

During the 2000 South Korean Census, there were close to 920,000 people in South Korea– 2.1% of the general population–with this surname, most written with the hanja 張.[3]

Jang is a relatively common surname in the United States and was listed 5,531st overall during the 2000 US Census.[4] Zang was much less common and ranked 14,627th.[4]

Chang is a common surname in the United States and was listed 424th overall[4] and 11th among Asian and Pacific Islanders in 2000.[5] However, the vast majority of these were Chinese Americans going by the Wade-Giles romanization of the Chinese surname.[6]

List of persons with the surname[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2015년 인구주택총조사 전수집계결과 보도자료" [Results of the 2015 Census of Population and Housing survey]. Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  2. ^ 성씨 로마자 표기 방안: 마련을 위한 토론회 [Plan for romanisation of surnames: a preparatory discussion]. National Institute of the Korean Language. 25 June 2009. p. 60. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  3. ^ "행정구역(시도)/성씨·본관별 가구 및 인구" (in Korean). KOSIS. Retrieved 2019-08-28.
  4. ^ a b c US Census Bureau. Op. cit. Public Broadcasting Service. "How Popular Is Your Last Name?" Accessed 6 Apr 2012.
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Genealogy Data: Frequently Occurring Surnames from Census 2000". 27 Sept 2011. Accessed 29 Mar 2012.
  6. ^ Lauderdale, Diane S. & al. "Asian American ethnic identification by surname Archived 2013-01-02 at the Wayback Machine". Population Research & Policy Review 19: 283–300. Klewer Academic Publishers, 2000.