This article contains too many or overly lengthy quotations for an encyclopedic entry. (February 2020)
|Alma mater||Sarah Lawrence College, |
Rhode Island School of Design
|Known for||Performance art, Sculpture, |
|Movement||Feminist Art Movement|
|Spouse(s)||Paul Ramirez Jonas|
|Awards||MacArthur Genius Grant|
Janine Antoni (born January 19, 1964) is a Bahamian–born American artist, who creates contemporary work in performance art, sculpture, and photography. Antoni's works focus mostly on process and the transitions between the making and finished product. She often uses her body, both as an entity, or paying particular attention to body parts as tools, utilizing her mouth, hair, eyelashes, and, through technological scanning, the brain, to perform everyday activities to create her artwork. Her work blurs the distinction between performance art and sculpture. She currently resides in Brooklyn, New York.
Early life and education
Antoni was born January 19, 1964 in Freeport, Bahamas. She graduated from Sarah Lawrence College in 1986 with a B.A.degree. She received a M.F.A. degree in 1989 in Sculpture from Rhode Island School of Design.
Tableau vivants, a static scene containing one or more actors or models, are an art form that Antoni has used in her work. In her installation Slumber (1994) Antoni slept in the gallery for 28 days and while she slept, an EEG machine recorded her REM patterns. Which she then wove into a blanket from the night gown under which she slept. This particular work was seen as a tableau vivant because of its spectacle aspect:
The aspirational focus of this tableau vivant, while situating the artist as an object on view, simulataneously [sic] insists on an aesthetics of connections: between the artist and beholders, between the artists [sic] and the art institutions, and between the artist's conscious and unconscious processes.
Antoni explains this desire to be involved in the viewer's experience when she writes:
[Performance] wasn't something that I intended to do. I was doing work that was about process, about the meaning of the making, trying to have a love-hate relationship with the object. I always feel safer if I can bring the viewer back to the making of it. I try to do that in a lot of different ways, by residue, by touch, by these processes that are basic to all of our lives... that people might relate to in terms of process... everyday activities--bathing, eating, etc. But there are times when the best way to keep people in that place, which for me is so alive and pertinent, is to show the process or the making.
She says of this performer/audience interaction: "This letter sums up my relationship to my audience. I have a deep love for the viewer; they are my imaginary friend."
Antoni's work is in various public museum collections, including the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMoMA), National Gallery of Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, The Broad, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, among others.
In her work Gnaw (1992), Antoni used her mouth and the activity of eating or chewing to carve two 600 lb (300 kg) cubes, one made of chocolate and the other of lard. She used the chewed out bits to create chocolate boxes and lipstick tubes, which she then displayed in a mock store front. Antoni made a statement about her work saying "Lard is a stand-in for the female body, a feminine material, since females typically have a higher fat content than males, making the work somewhat cannibalistic". In this work and others, Antoni often confronts issues such as materiality, process, the body, cultural perceptions of femininity, and her art historical roots.
Loving Care (1993)
In Loving Care (1993), Antoni used her hair as a paintbrush and Loving Care hair dye as her paint. Antoni dipped her hair in a bucket of hair dye and mopped the gallery floor on her hands and knees and in the process pushed the viewers out of the gallery space. In this process Antoni explored the body, as well as themes of power, femininity, and the style of abstract expressionism. Her performance was at the Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, in 1993.
Lick and Lather (1993)
In Lick and Lather (1993), Antoni produced fourteen busts, seven cast from chocolate and the other seven from soap. She then "re-sculpts" the busts by eating them (chocolate) and bathing herself (soap) as the title suggests. The installation critiques notions of feminine beauty and hygiene, suggested by the extreme manner that many of the busts' features become distorted through Antoni's actions. The soap represents the societal expectation that the female body must be perpetually cleaned, while the chocolate brings to mind stereotypical depictions of female menstrual cravings. In a 2012 interview with Adrian Heathfield, Antoni discussed the response of some audience members to 'Lick and Lather' as conceptually correct, when they have bitten into the work. She describes the work as "all about desire".
In Tear (2008), Antoni created a wrecking ball in lead and then used it to demolish a building synchronized with the blinking of her eyelid. Each impact damaged the surface of the ball, thus telling its history.
Her work Crowned (2013) was inspired after her giving birth in 2004 to her daughter. A sculpture of a wall with plaster crown moulding, that has two plaster pelvic bones protruding from the wall and is framed by plaster splashed around the objects. It visually resembles the second stage in childbirth called, "crowning", when the baby's head is surrounded by the vaginal orifice.
I Am Fertile Ground (2019)
I Am Fertile Ground (2019) was a site-specific installation in the catacombs of Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. Small photographs, close-ups of living bodies, are presented in gilded frames shaped to look like human bones. The work speaks to the fragility of the human form, surrounded as it was by the remains of some 560,000 individuals buried at Green-Wood, one of the earliest examples of a large park-like and varied in style cemetery, built in rural America.
- 1998 – Genius Grant, MacArthur Fellow
- 1998 – Painting and Sculpture Grant, the Joan Mitchell Foundation
- 1998 – Larry Aldrich Foundation Award
- 2003 – Artistic Achievement Award, Rhode Island School of Design
- 2011 – Guggenheim Fellow
- "Artist Janine Antoni Takes on Childbirth and the Female Body in Two New Shows". The Cut. 2015-02-27. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Collection Online | Janine Antoni - Guggenheim Museum". Guggenheim.org. 1964-01-19. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Janine Antoni". Creative Capital. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Alum Wins Guggenheim for Body-Generated Art". www.risd.edu. 2014. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
Janine Antoni MFA 89 SC
- Phaidon Editors (2019). Great women artists. Phaidon Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0714878775.
- Jennifer Fisher. "Interdependence: The Live Tableaux of Suzanne Lacy, Janine Antoni, and Marina Abramović." Art Journal. vol. 56, no. 4 (winter, 1997), 28–33.
-  Archived April 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Janine Antoni | Art21". PBS. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- Allison, Leslie. "UTOPIAN STRATEGIES: Artists Anticipate their Audiences". The Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- Heartney, Eleanor; Posner, Helaine; Princenthal, Nancy; Scott, Sue (2013). The reckoning : women artists of the new millennium. Munich: Prestel. p. 79. ISBN 978-3-7913-4759-2.
- "Janine Antoni, Lick and Lather, 1993-1994". SFMOMA. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Lick and Lather". www.nga.gov. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Collection Online: Janine Antoni". Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Janine Antoni - Bio". The Broad. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Collection - Lick and Lather, 1993-1994, Janine Antoni". The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Janine Antoni". !Women Art Revolution - Spotlight at Stanford University. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
- [dead link]
- "The Collection | Janine Antoni. Gnaw. 1992". MoMA. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Events | Cornell AAP". Aap.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Self-Portrait of the Artist as a Self-Destructing Chocolate Head". ARTnews. 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Janine Antoni". Art21. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
- Doss, Erika (2002). Twentieth-Century American Art. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 230. ISBN 9780192842398.
- Jones, Amelia; Heathfield, Adrian (2012). Perform, Repeat, Record: Live Art in History. Intellect Books. ISBN 978-1-84150-489-6.
- Dreishpoon, Douglas. "Janine Antoni". Art in America. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014.
- "Tear, 2008". Luhring Augustine Gallery, New York. Archived from the original on 13 February 2014.
- Selvin, Claire (2019-09-26). "Graveyard Shift: At Storied Brooklyn Cemetery, Janine Antoni Stages Artwork Amid 560,000 Bodies". ARTnews.com. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
- "The Green-Wood Cemetery". National Historical Landmark (NHL). Archived from the original on 2007-12-24. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
- Says, Darko. "Talking with Janine Antoni and Getting Set for NAEA: Part One". Art21 Magazine. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
-  Archived January 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "Janine Antoni - MacArthur Foundation", MacArthur Foundation, Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- "Artist Grants, 1998, Janine Antoni". joanmitchellfoundation.org. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
- "Janine Antoni - Aldrich Award", Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- "Janine Antoni - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation". Gf.org. 2009-10-23. Archived from the original on 2013-10-03. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- Janine Antoni on Artnet.com
- Biography, interviews, essays, artwork images and video clips from PBS series Art:21 -- Art in the Twenty-First Century - Season 2 (2003).
- The-artists.org Janine Antoni page
- MoMA Learning Page on Janine Antoni
- Janine Antoni collection at the Israel Museum. Retrieved September 2016.
- "Talking with Janine Antoni, Part One", October 7, 2009, Joe Fusaro