Ian performing in concert, 1981
|Birth name||Janis Eddy Fink|
April 7, 1951 |
New York City, U.S.
Janis Ian (born Janis Eddy Fink; April 7, 1951) is an American singer-songwriter who was mostly active in the 1960s and 1970s; her most successful song, At Seventeen, was released as a single from her 1975 album Between the Lines which reached number 1 on the Billboard chart.
Born in 1951 in New York, Ian entered the American folk music scene while still a teenager in the mid-1960s. Most active musically in that decade and the 1970s, she has continued recording into the 21st century. She has won two Grammy Awards, the first in 1975 for At Seventeen and the second in 2013 for Best Spoken Word Album, for her autobiography, Society's Child, with a total of ten nominations in eight different categories.
Born in New York City, she was primarily raised in New Jersey, initially on a farm, and attended East Orange High School in East Orange, New Jersey and the New York City High School of Music & Art. Her parents, Victor, a music teacher, and Pearl, ran a summer camp in upstate New York.
As a child, Ian admired the work of folk pioneers such as Joan Baez and Odetta. Starting with piano lessons at the age of two (at her own insistence), Ian, by the time she entered her teens, was playing the organ, harmonica, French horn, and guitar. At the age of 12, she wrote her first song, "Hair of Spun Gold," which was subsequently published in the folk publication Broadside and was later recorded for her debut album. In 1964, she legally changed her name to Janis Ian. Her new last name was her brother Eric's middle name.
At the age of 14, Ian wrote and recorded her first hit single, "Society's Child (Baby I've Been Thinking)", about an interracial romance forbidden by a girl's mother and frowned upon by her peers and teachers. Produced by George "Shadow" Morton and released three times from 1965 to 1967, "Society's Child" became a national hit upon its third release after Leonard Bernstein featured it in a CBS TV special titled Inside Pop: The Rock Revolution.
The song's theme of interracial relationships was considered taboo by some radio stations and they withdrew or banned it from their playlists accordingly. In her 2008 autobiography Society's Child, Ian recalls receiving hate mail and death threats as a response to the song and mentions that a radio station in Atlanta that played it was burned down. In the summer of 1967, "Society's Child" reached #14 on the Billboard Hot 100, the single having sold 600,000 copies, and the album 350,000.
At age 16, Ian met comedian Bill Cosby backstage at Smothers Brothers show where she was promoting Society's Child. Since Ian was underage, she needed to be accompanied by a chaperon while touring and after her set, she had been sleeping with her head on her chaperon's lap (an older female family friend). Cosby interpreted their interaction as "lesbian" and he is alleged to have warned other television shows that Ian was "not suitable family entertainment" and "shouldn't be on television" because of her sexuality, thus attempting to blacklist her. Although Ian would later come out as bi-sexual, at the time of the encounter with Cosby she states that she had only been kissed once and that was in broad daylight at summer camp.
Ian relates on her website that, although the song was originally intended for Atlantic Records and the label paid for her recording session, the label subsequently returned the master to her and quietly refused to release it. Ian relates that years later, Atlantic's president at the time, Jerry Wexler, publicly apologized to her for this. The single and Ian's 1967 eponymous debut album (which reached #29 on the charts) were finally released on Verve Forecast. In 2001, "Society's Child" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which honors recordings considered timeless and important to music history. Her early music was compiled on a double CD entitled Society's Child: The Verve Recordings in 1995.
"Society's Child" stigmatized Ian as a one-hit wonder until her most successful US single, "At Seventeen", was released in 1975. "At Seventeen" is a bittersweet commentary on adolescent cruelty, the illusion of popularity, and teenage angst, as reflected upon from the perspective of a 24-year-old, was released in 1975. The song was a major hit as it charted at #3 on the Billboard Hot 100, hit #1 on the Adult Contemporary chart, and won the 1975 Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Performance - Female, beating out Linda Ronstadt, Olivia Newton-John, and Helen Reddy. Ian appeared as a musical guest on the series premier of Saturday Night Live on October 11, 1975, performing "At Seventeen" and "In the Winter". The album, Between the Lines, was also a smash and reached #1 on Billboard's Album chart. The album would be certified Platinum for sales of over one million copies sold in the US. Another measure of her success is anecdotal: on Valentine's Day 1977, Ian received 461 Valentine cards, having indicated in the lyrics to "At Seventeen" that she never received one as a teenager.
"Fly Too High" (1979), produced by disco producer Giorgio Moroder, was Ian's contribution to the soundtrack of the Jodie Foster film Foxes and was also featured on Ian's 1979 album Night Rains. It also became her first international hit, reaching number one in many countries, including South Africa, Belgium, Australia, Israel, and the Netherlands, and going gold or platinum in those countries as well as in the UK. Another country where Ian has achieved a high level of popularity is Japan: Ian had two Top 10 singles on the Japanese Oricon charts, "Love Is Blind" in 1976 and "You Are Love" in 1980. Ian's 1976 album Aftertones also topped Oricon's album chart in October 1976. "You Are Love (Toujours Gai Mon Cher)" is the theme song of Kinji Fukasaku's 1980 movie Virus. She cut several other singles specifically for the Japanese market, including 1998's "The Last Great Place".
In the US, she was on the pop charts only once more after "At Seventeen" with "Under the Covers" which reached #71 in 1981, though she had several more songs reach the Adult Contemporary singles chart through 1980 (all failing to make the Top 20). From 1982–92, Ian continued to write songs, often in collaboration with then-songwriting partner Kye Fleming, which have been covered by Amy Grant, Bette Midler, Marti Jones, and other artists. She released Breaking Silence in 1993 and also came out as a lesbian. The album, Folk Is The New Black, was released jointly by the Rude Girl and Cooking Vinyl labels in 2006, her first in more than two decades.
Other artists have recorded Ian's compositions, including Roberta Flack, who had a hit in 1973 with Ian's song "Jesse". Ian's own version is included on the 1974 album Stars (the title song of which has also been oft-covered, including versions by Shirley Bassey, Cher, Nina Simone and Barbara Cook). She continues to tour, with her most recent tour in 2014 including dates in both the US and the UK.
Criticism of the RIAA
Ian is an outspoken critic of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) which she sees as acting against the interests of musicians and consumers. As such, she has released several of her songs for free download from her website. "I've been surprised at how few people are willing to get annoyed with me over it," she laughs. "There was a little backlash here and there. I was scheduled to appear on a panel somewhere and somebody from a record company said if I was there they would boycott it. But that's been pretty much it. In general, the entire reaction has been favorable. I hear from a lot of people in my industry who don't want to be quoted, but say 'yeah, we're aware of this and we'd like to see a change too.'" Along with science fiction authors Eric Flint and Cory Doctorow, she has argued that their experience provides conclusive evidence that free downloads dramatically increased hard-copy sales, contrary to the claims of RIAA and NARAS.
Writing and acting
Ian writes science fiction. A long-time reader of the genre, she became involved in science fiction fandom in 2001 by attending the Millennium Philcon. Her short stories have been published in anthologies and she co-edited, with Mike Resnick, the anthology Stars: Original Stories Based on the Songs of Janis Ian, published in 2003 (ISBN 978-0-7564-0177-1). She continues to occasionally attend science fiction conventions.
Ian has been a regular columnist for the LGBT news magazine The Advocate and contributed to Performing Songwriter magazine from 1995–2003. On July 24, 2008, Ian released her positively-received autobiography Society's Child (published by Penguin Tarcher) . An accompanying double CD, The Autobiography Collection, has been released with many of Ian's best loved songs.
Ian married Portuguese filmmaker Tino Sargo in 1978 and the two divorced in 1983. Details of Sargo's physical and emotional abuse were discussed in Ian's autobiography. After moving to Nashville, she met Patricia Snyder in 1989. Ian came out as a lesbian in 1993 with the worldwide release of her album Breaking Silence. Snyder and Ian married in Toronto on August 27, 2003. Ian has a stepdaughter and two grandchildren with Snyder.
Ian's mother, Pearl Fink, was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1975. Because of this, Ian and her brother convinced their mother to pursue her lifelong dream of going to college. Fink eventually enrolled in Goddard College's adult education program and ultimately graduated with a master's degree. After Fink's death, Ian decided to auction off memorabilia to raise money to endow a scholarship at Goddard specifically for older continuing education students which became the Pearl Foundation, a 501(c)(3) public charity. At the end of each year, 90% or more of funds raised from sale of merchandise, donations from fans, and contributions from Ian herself are disbursed to various educational institutions to fund scholarships. To date, it has contributed over $900,000 in scholarship funds.
- Janis Ian (1967) #29 US (Verve)
- For All the Seasons of Your Mind (1967) #179 US (Verve)
- The Secret Life of J. Eddy Fink (1968) (Verve)
- Who Really Cares (1969) (Verve)
- Present Company (1971) #223 US (Capitol)
- Stars (1974) #83 US, #63 (Columbia)
- Between the Lines (1975) #1 US, #4 Canada, #22 Japan (Columbia, Festival)
- Aftertones (1976) #12 US, #81 Canada, #1 Japan (Columbia)
- Miracle Row (1977) #45 US, #26 Japan (Columbia)
- Janis Ian (1978) (Columbia)
- Night Rains (1979) (Columbia)
- Restless Eyes (1981) #156 US (Columbia)
- Uncle Wonderful (1983) (Rude Girl)
- Breaking Silence (1992) (Morgan Creek)
- Simon Renshaw Presents: Janis Ian Shares Your Pain (1995) (Rude Girl) (not released until 12.09)
- Revenge (1995) (Rude Girl)
- Hunger (1997) (Windham Hill/Rude Girl)
- God & the FBI (2000) (Windham Hill/Rude Girl)
- Lost Cuts 1 (2001) (Rude Girl)
- Billie's Bones (2004) (Rude Girl)
- Folk Is the New Black (2006) (Rude Girl)
- Strictly Solo (2014) (Rude Girl) Available only at live shows.
- Compilation albums
- Remember (1978) (orig. JVC Japan, now Rude Girl)
- The Best of Janis Ian (1980) (CBS Benelux)
- My Favourites (1980) (CBS Benelux)
- At Seventeen (1990) (CBS)
- Up 'Til Now (1992) (Sony)
- Society's Child: The Verve Recordings (1995) (Polydor/UMG)
- Live on the Test 1976 (1995) (BBC World Wide)
- Unreleased 1: Mary's Eyes (1998) (Rude Girl)
- The Bottom Line Encore Collection (1999) (Bottom Line Records)
- The Best of Janis Ian (2002) (Festival Australia)
- Live: Working Without a Net (2003) (Rude Girl)
- Souvenirs: Best of 1972–1981 (2004) (Rude Girl)
- Unreleased 2: Take No Prisoners (2006) (Rude Girl)
- Unreleased 3: Society's Child (2006) (Rude Girl)
- Ultimate Best (2007) (JVC Victory)
- Best of Janis Ian: Autobiography Collection (2008) (Rude Girl)
- The Essential Janis Ian (Sony worldwide)
|Year||Title||U.S. Billboard||U.S. Cash Box||U.S. A/C||Kent Music Report (Australia)||UK||JPN|
|1967||"Society's Child (Baby I've Been Thinking)"||14||13||–||–||–||–|
|"Insanity Comes Quietly to the Structured Mind"||109||82||–||–||–||–|
|1974||"The Man You Are in Me"||104||105||33||–||–||–|
|1975||"When the Party's Over"||–||112||20||–||–||–|
|"In the Winter"||–||97||21||–||–||–|
|1976||"Boy I Really Tied One On"||–||–||43||–||–||–|
|"I Would Like to Dance"||–||–||28||–||–||–|
|"Love Is Blind"||–||–||–||–||–||1|
|"Between the Lines"||–||–||–||–||–||90|
|1977||"Will You Dance?"||–||–||–||–||–||40|
|1978||"That Grand Illusion"||–||–||43||–||–||–|
|1979||"Fly Too High"||–||–||–||–||44||–|
|1980||"You Are Love"||–||–||–||–||–||10|
|"The Other Side of the Sun"||–||–||47||–||44||–|
|1981||"Under the Covers"||71||79||–||–||–||–|
|2010||"Every Woman's Song" (with Angela Aki)||–||–||–||–||–||53|
- Live at Club Cafe (2005) (Rude Girl)
- Janismania (2005) (Rude Girl)
- Through the Years: A Retrospective (2007) (Rude Girl)
- Janis Ian '79: Live in Japan & Australia (2008) (Rude Girl)
- Who Really Cares: Poems From Childhood and Early Youth 1969 (2002 re-release) ISBN 978-1-930709-37-9
- Songbook 1999 ISBN 978-0-7692-0148-1
- Stars: Original Stories Based on the Songs of Janis Ian 2003 ISBN 978-0-7564-0177-1 (ed., with Mike Resnick)
- "Prayerville" 2003 (in Women Writing Science Fiction As Men, ed. Mike Resnick and Martin H. Greenberg ISBN 978-0-7564-0148-1)
- Society's Child: My Autobiography, 2008, Tarcher/Penguin; ISBN 1-58542-675-X; ISBN 978-1-58542-675-1
- "Janis Ian: A Life in Song" (PDF). Janis Ian Website. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 7, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- Ankeny, Jason (2003). Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, eds. All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues. Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-736-6.
- Nash, Margo. "JERSEY FOOTLIGHTS", The New York Times, March 16, 2003; accessed December 19, 2007. "Yet when Janis Ian went to East Orange High School, she was kicked out of the chorus."
- Life Magazine, October 27, 1967, p. 53
- Life Magazine, October 27, 1967 p. 53
- Silman, Anna (Jul 29, 2015). "Janis Ian says Bill Cosby allegedly spread lesbian rumors about her as a teen, tried to blacklist her from TV". Salon. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- Jones, Nate (Jul 29, 2015). "Janis Ian Shares Her Own Creepy Bill Cosby Story". Vulture. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- Goodman, Jessica. "Janis Ian recalls personal story about Bill Cosby following New York cover feature" (July 29, 2015). Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- Wiser, Carl. "Janis Ian interview (March 14, 2003)". Songfacts. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- Cader, Michael; Baskin, Edie (1994). Saturday Night Live: The First Twenty Years. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 124–127. ISBN 0-395-70895-8.
- "SNL Transcripts". Snltranscripts.jt.org. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
- Rees, Dafydd; Luke Crampton (1996). Encyclopedia of Rock Stars. Dk Pub. ISBN 0-7894-1263-2.
- "Janis Ian: On Tour". janisian.com. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Keehnen, Owen (March 24, 2005). "At 42: Lesbian Legend Janis Ian Comes Out". Queer Culture Center. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Wilson, David Bertrand. "Trying The Patience Of: Janis Ian". Wilson & Alroy's Record Reviews. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- Ian, Janis (May 2002). "The Internet Debacle – An Alternative View". Performing Songwriter Magazine. Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- Free Music Downloads on Janis Ian's official website
- Vanderhorst, Jan (October 2002). "Janis Ian: Doing It From The Heart". Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- Prime Palaver #11 – letter by Janis Ian to Baen librarian, Eric Flint, September 16, 2002
- John Teehan. "Janis at Worldcon 2001". Sff.net. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "Revenge is sweet for Janis Ian" by Jeff Walsh, March 1, 1996
- Lambe, Stacy (14 December 2015). "'Getting On' Creators on Taking Big Swings With the Series Finale". ET Online. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- ""Getting On" from the HBO series "Getting On"". Janis Ian Shopping Mall. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- Ian, Janis. 2008. Society's Child: My Autobiography. New York City: Tarcher.
- "Ian profile". Glbtq.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- "ジャニス・イアンとの夢のコラボ曲「Every Woman's Song」が 着うた(R)、着うたフル(R)で好評配信中！" [Janis Ian dream collabo song, "Every Woman's Song" out as a ringtone and a cellphone download!] (in Japanese). Sony Music Japan. September 1, 2010. Archived from the original on May 31, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Japan Billboard Hot 100 2010/09/20". Billboard (in Japanese). September 20, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
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