Janis Martin (soprano)
Janis Martin (August 16, 1939 – December 13, 2014) was an American opera singer who sang leading roles first as a mezzo-soprano and later as a soprano in opera houses throughout Europe and the United States. She was particularly known for her performances in the operas of Richard Wagner and sang at the Bayreuth Festival from 1968 to 1997.
Martin was born in Sacramento, California, the daughter of a radio producer. She studied at both California State University, Sacramento and the University of California, Berkeley. She began studying singing in Sacramento with Julia Monroe and later studied in New York with Lili Wexberg and Otto Gruth. She made her operatic debut in 1960 at San Francisco Opera as Theresa in La sonnambula  and at 21 was the youngest member of the company that season. She continued to sing a number of comprimario mezzo-soprano roles with the company through 1969, including Sister Anne in the 1961 world premiere of Norman Dello Joio's opera Blood Moon. She returned as a soprano in 1970 in the title role of Tosca and appeared there regularly though 1990, when she sang the role of Brünnhilde in Die Walküre, Siegfried, and Götterdämmerung for the company's complete performance of Wagner's Ring Cycle.
On March 23, 1962, she won the National Finals of Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions singing "Mon cœur s'ouvre à ta voix" from Samson et Dalila'. Her New York City Opera debut that same year was as Mrs. Grose in The Turn of the Screw. Her Metropolitan Opera debut came on December 19, 1962 when she sang Flora Bervoix in La traviata with Anna Moffo as Violetta. She went on to sing 147 performances at the Met between 1962 and 1997, first in mezzo-soprano roles, including Singer in the 1964 US premiere of Menotti's The Last Savage and from 1973 leading soprano roles including Kundry in Parsifal, Marie in Wozzeck, Senta in Der Fliegende Holländer, and the title role in Tosca. Her final appearance with the company was in 1997 when she sang Brünnhilde in Die Walküre with Plácido Domingo as Siegmund and Deborah Voigt as Sieglinde.
Martin sang with the Deutsche Oper Berlin from 1971 to 1988 and at the Bayreuth Festival from 1968 to 1997 as Eva and Magdalena (Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg); Fricka, Sieglinde, and Brünnhilde (Die Walküre); Gutrune and 2nd Norn (Götterdämmerung); Fricka and Freia (Das Rheingold) and Kundry (Parsifal). Her performances in other European opera houses include Venus (Tannhäuser), Marie (Wozzeck) and The Woman (Erwartung) at La Scala; Marie at the Royal Opera House; Brünnhilde at the Vienna State Opera, Isolde (1981) and Kundry at the Oper Zürich (1981), and Ariadne at the Staatsoper Hannover (1982). Martin retired from the stage in 2000 to live in Nevada County, California, where she gave singing lessons and occasional recitals and concerts.
Martin and her former husband, the German conductor and choirmaster Gerhard Hellwig, had a son, Robert. The marriage ended in divorce. Martin died at the age of 75 on December 13, 2014. She is survived by her brother Richard, her son Robert, resident in San Antonio, Texas, and two grandchildren.
- Arnold Schoenberg: Erwartung – Janis Martin; BBC Symphony Orchestra; Pierre Boulez, conductor (1977). Label: CBS.
- Richard Wagner: Rienzi (complete recording of Wagner's shortened 1843 version) – René Kollo, Siv Wennberg, Janis Martin, Theo Adam; Dresden Staatskapelle; Heinrich Hollreiser, conductor (1975). Label: EMI.
- Richard Wagner: Der Fliegende Holländer – Norman Bailey, Janis Martin, René Kollo, Martti Talvela, Chicago Symphony Orchestra & Chorus; Sir Georg Solti,conductor (1976). Label:Decca.
- Joshua Kosman (2014-12-15). "Janis Martin, operatic mezzo turned soprano, is dead at 75". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 2014-12-18.
- Hamilton (1987) p. 214. Note that Cummings (2003) lists Annina in La traviata at San Francisco Opera as her debut role.
- Miles A Smith (1962-03-24). "Janis Mertin wins Audition at Met". Lewiston Daily Sun (Associated Press). Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Barry Millington (2014-12-23). "Janis Martin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-12-25.
- Pam Jung (2005-06-24). "'Wet Ink' to feature opera singer". Grass Valley Union. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Janis Martin, 75, Soprano Who Found Acclaim at Met, San Francisco Opera and in Germany, Has Died". Opera News. 2014-12-15. Retrieved 2014-12-18.
- Macdonald, Calum (September 1984). "Schoenberg: Jakobsleiter; Die glückliche Hand; Erwartung et al.". Tempo (150): 52–56. Retrieved 2014-12-18.
- Cummings, David (ed.), "Martin, Janis", International Who's Who in Classical Music 2003, Routledge, 2003, p. 509. ISBN 1-85743-174-X
- Hamilton, David (ed.), "Martin, Janis", The Metropolitan Opera Encyclopedia, Simon and Schuster, 1987, p. 214. ISBN 0-671-61732-X
- Bayreuther Festspiele, Janis Martin German-language profile
- Interview with Janis Martin by Bruce Duffie, October 16, 1980.
- Performance Record: Martin, Janis (Mezzo Soprano, Soprano), MetOpera Database
- San Francisco Opera Archives, Janis Martin