Janis Paige

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Janis Paige
Janis Paige It's Always Jan.jpg
Born Donna Mae Tjaden
(1922-09-16) September 16, 1922 (age 94)
Tacoma, Washington, US
Occupation Actress, singer
Years active 1944–2001
Spouse(s)
  • Frank Martinelli, Jr. (m. 1947; div. 1951)
  • Arthur Stander (m. 1956; div. 1957)
  • Ray Gilbert (m. 1962; his death 1976)

Janis Paige (born September 16, 1922) is an American film, musical theatre and television actress.

Early life and career[edit]

Born Donna Mae Tjaden in Tacoma, Washington, she began singing in public at age five in local amateur shows. She moved to Los Angeles after graduating from high school and was hired as a singer at the Hollywood Canteen during World War II.

The Hollywood Canteen was a studio-sponsored club for members of the military. A Warner Bros. agent saw her potential and signed her to a contract. She began co-starring in low budget musicals, often paired with Dennis Morgan or Jack Carson. She co-starred in Romance on the High Seas (1948), the film in which Doris Day made her movie debut. Paige later co-starred in adventures and dramas, in which she felt out of place. Following her role in Two Gals and a Guy (1951), she decided to leave Hollywood.

Paige appeared on Broadway and was a huge hit in a 1951 comedy-mystery play, Remains to Be Seen, co-starring Jackie Cooper. She also toured successfully as a cabaret singer. In April 1947 Paige was crowned "Miss Damsite" and participated at the ground-breaking ceremony for the McNary Dam, on the Columbia River, alongside Cornelia Morton McNary, the Senator's widow, and Oregon's governor, Earl Snell.[1]

Stardom came in 1954 with her role as "Babe" in the Broadway musical The Pajama Game. She was given the December 1954 cover of Esquire magazine, where she was featured in a seductive pose taken by American photographer, Maxwell Frederic Coplan. For the screen version, the studio wanted one major movie star to guarantee the film's success, so Raitt's role of Sid was offered to Frank Sinatra who would have been paired with Paige. When Sinatra turned it down the producers offered Paige's role of Babe to Doris Day, who accepted and so Day was paired with Raitt.[2] After six years away, Paige returned to Hollywood in Silk Stockings (1957), which starred Fred Astaire and Cyd Charisse, the Doris Day comedy Please Don't Eat the Daisies (1960), and as a love-starved married neighbor in Bachelor in Paradise (1961) with Bob Hope.

A rare dramatic role was as "Marion," an institutionalized prostitute, in The Caretakers (1963).

Musical theatre[edit]

Paige returned to Broadway in 1963 in the short-lived Here's Love. In 1968, when after nearly two years Angela Lansbury left the Broadway production of the musical Mame to take the show on a limited US tour, Paige was the star chosen to be the first Broadway replacement,[3] and she admired the character, saying, "She's a free soul. She can be down, but never out. She's unbigoted. She says what she thinks with a kind of marvelous honesty, which is the only way to say anything." [4] She also appeared in touring productions of musicals such as Annie Get Your Gun, Applause, Sweet Charity, Ballroom, Gypsy: A Musical Fable, and Guys and Dolls. In 1984 she was back on Broadway with Kevin McCarthy in a non-musical play, Alone Together[5] The tryout tour gave Paige her first experience of the Eastern Summer Stock circuit, where she said audiences "laughed so hard you just had to wait,"[6] and she enjoyed the role so much she played it again in 1988 at the Coconut Grove Playhouse, this time with Robert Reed.[7]

Television[edit]

In the 1955–1956 television season, Paige starred in her own CBS situation comedy, It's Always Jan, co-starring Merry Anders. The 26-week program preceded the first season of Gunsmoke on the Saturday evening schedule. The plot, set in New York City, centered around Paige as Jan Stewart, a widowed mother, and her two female roommates played by Anders and Patricia Bright.[8]

Paige made her live dramatic TV debut June 27, 1957, in "The Latch Key" on Lux Video Theatre.[9] She appeared as troubadour Hallie Martin in The Fugitive episode "Ballad For a Ghost" (1964). Paige had a recurring role as "Auntie V", Tom Bradford's erstwhile sister, in Eight Is Enough.

Paige appeared as a waitress named Denise in both the seventh and ninth seasons of All in the Family. In her first appearance, she has a flirtation with Archie Bunker.

She also appeared on 87th Precinct, The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, Trapper John, M.D., All in the Family, Columbo and Caroline in the City, and in the 1975 television movie John O'Hara's Gibbsville (also known as The Turning Point of Jim Malloy). In the 1980s and 1990s, she was seen on the soap operas Capitol (1987, as Sam Clegg's first wife, Laureen), General Hospital (1989-1990, as Katharine Delafield's flashy Aunt Iona, a lady counterfeiter and Santa Barbara (1990-1993, replacing the much older Dame Judith Anderson as matriarch Minx Lockridge). In 1982, she appeared on St. Elsewhere as a female flasher who stalked the hallways of the hospital to "cheer up" the male patients. Although her character said she was "celebrating her 50th birthday," Ms. Paige was actually 60 at the time of filming.

In 1986, she appeared with Richard Kline and Bert Convy on Super Password.

Walk of Fame[edit]

Paige was given a square on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6624 Hollywood Blvd.[10]

Personal life[edit]

Paige has been married three times. She married Frank Louis Martinelli Jr, restaurateur, in 1947 and divorced him in 1951.[11] She married Arthur Stander, television writer and creator of It's Always Jan, in 1956 and divorced him in 1957.[10][12] Paige married Ray Gilbert, composer and music publisher in 1962. Gilbert died March 3, 1976.[10] He wrote the classic song "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah".

In 2001, Paige found that her voice was cracking with nearly irreparable vocal-cord damage. She went to a singing teacher a friend recommended. Paige's voice ended up worse with her not being able to talk at all. "He literally took my voice away," she said. "I lost all my top voice. I couldn't hold a pitch for a second. Finally, I couldn't make a sound. He said that this will all come back. It didn't." Another singing teacher told her she go to the voice clinic at Vanderbilt University in Nashville. "There were bits of skin hanging off my vocal cords," she said. "They told me to go home and not talk for three months." Paige finally was introduced by a doctor to another voice teacher, Bruce Eckstut. He helped her regain her voice and singing voice.[13]

Paige has no children.

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1944 Bathing Beauty Janis Musical film directed by George Sidney.[14]
Hollywood Canteen Studio Guide Musical romantic comedy film directed by Delmer Daves.[15]
1946 Her Kind of Man Georgia King Crime film noir directed by Frederick De Cordova.[16]
Of Human Bondage Sally Athelny
Two Guys from Milwaukee Polly Comedy film directed by David Butler.[20]
The Time, the Place and the Girl Sue Jackson
1947 Love and Learn Jackie Comedy film directed Frederick de Cordova.[22]
Cheyenne Emily Carson Romantic western film directed by Raoul Walsh.[23]
Always Together Polly
1948 Winter Meeting Peggy Markham Drama film directed by Bretaigne Windust & written by Catherine Turney[25] from the novel of the same title by Grace Zaring Stone under the pseudonym Ethel Vance.[26]
Wallflower Joy Linnett Comedy film directed by Frederick de Cordova.[27]
Romance on the High Seas Elvira Kent
One Sunday Afternoon Virginia Brush
  • Musical film directed by Raoul Walsh.[30]
  • Based on James Hagan's play of the same name, which was produced on Broadway in 1933.[31][32]
1949 The Younger Brothers Kate Shepherd Western directed by Edwin L. Marin.[33]
The House Across the Street Kit Williams Comedy film directed by Richard L. Bare.[34]
1950 Fugitive Lady Barbara Clementi
This Side of the Law Nadine Taylor Film noir directed by Richard L. Bare.[37][38]
1951 Mr. Universe Lorraine Comedy–romantic sports film directed by Joseph Lerner.[39]
Two Gals and a Guy Della Oliver / Sylvia Latour
1957 Silk Stockings Peggy Dayton Metrocolor Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer CinemaScope musical film adaptation[41] of the 1955 stage musical of the same name,[42] which itself was an adaptation of the film Ninotchka.[43]
1960 Please Don't Eat the Daisies Deborah Vaughn Metrocolor Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer CinemaScope comedy film directed by Charles Walters[44] and partly inspired by the book of the same name by Jean Kerr.[45][46]
1961 Bachelor in Paradise Dolores Jynson Metrocolor romantic comedy film directed by Jack Arnold.[47]
1963 Follow the Boys Liz Bradville Comedy film directed by Richard Thorpe.[48]
The Caretakers Marion Drama produced and directed by Hall Bartlett[49] and based on the novel of the same name by Dariel Telfer.[50][51]
1967 Welcome to Hard Times Adah Western film directed by Burt Kennedy.[52] and based on the novel of the same name by E. L. Doctorow.[53]
1994 Natural Causes Mrs. MacCarthy Action–drama thriller film directed by James Becket.[54]

Documentary/short subjects[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1944 I Won't Play Kim Karol / Sally Short drama film directed by Crane Wilbur.[55]
1947 So You Want to Be in Pictures Herself
2003 Broadway: The Golden Age, by the Legends Who Were There Herself Documentary film by Rick McKay.[57]

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1949–50 Bonnie Maid's Versatile Varieties Herself
  • Contract role
  • "Bonnie Maid" dressed in plaid kilts for sponsor Bonnie Maid Linoleum.
1953 Plymouth Playhouse Guest Episode: "Baby and Me" (S 1:Ep 10)
1954 Philip Morris Playhouse Guest Episode: "Make Me Happy, Make Me Sad" (S 1:Ep 17)
1955–1956 It's Always Jan Jan Stewart Contract role
1957 Lux Video Theatre Iris Episode: "The Latch Key" (S 7:Ep 39)
Studio 57 Guest Episode: "One of the Family" (S 4:Ep 6)
1958 Schlitz Playhouse Bebe Evans Episode: "Home Again" (S 7:Ep 18)
Shower of Stars Herself Episode: "Episode #4.7" (S 4:Ep 7)
Roberta Scharwenka Musical made-for-TV-Movie directed by Ed Greenberg and Dick McDonough.[58]
1959 Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse The Redhead Episode: "Chez Rouge" (S 1:Ep 14)
The Red Skelton Show School Teacher Episode: "Bashful Clem" (S 8:Ep 13)
1960 The Secret World of Eddie Hodges Circus Star Made-for-TV-Movie and musical directed by Norman Jewison.
Maisie Maisie Ravier Made-for-TV-Movie and comedy directed by Edward Ludwig & based on Wilson Collison's Dark Dame novel.[59][60]
Hooray for Love Leading actress Made-for-TV-Movie and musical directed by Burt Shevelove.
The Ann Sothern Show Edith Episode: "The Girls" (S 3:Ep 3)
1961 Wagon Train Nellie Jefferson Episode: "The Nellie Jefferson Story" (S 4:Ep 27)
The Dinah Shore Chevy Show Kathy Hewitt Episode: "Happiest Day" (S 5:Ep 30)
1962 87th Precinct Cheryl Anderson Episode: "Girl in the Case" (S 1:Ep 30) (Series cancelled after 1st season)
Alcoa Premiere Connie Rankin Episode: "Blues for a Hanging" (S 2:Ep 13)
The Red Skelton Show Mrs. Cavendish Episode: "Ten Baby Fingers and 12 Baby Toes" (S 12:Ep 8)
1963 The Dick Powell Theater Lavern Episode: "Last of the Private Eyes" (S 2:Ep 30)
1964 Burke's Law Sharon McCauley Episode: "Who Killed the Swinger on a Hook?" (S 2:Ep 14)
The Fugitive Hallie Martin Episode: "Ballad for a Ghost" (S 2:Ep 15)
1965 The Red Skelton Show Hatta Mari Episode: "Dial 'O' for Nothing" (S 14:Ep 23)
1969 Roberta Scharwenka musical made-for-TV-Movie directed by John Kennedy and Dick McDonough.[58]
1971 Sarge Marian Hart Episode: "Psst! Wanna Buy a Dirty Picture?" (S 1:Ep 3)
1972 Columbo Goldie Williamson Episode: "Blueprint for Murder" (S 1:Ep 7)
Banacek Lydia Episode: "To Steal a King" (S 1:Ep 5)
1973 Mannix Georgia Durian Episode: "A Way to Dusty Death" (S 7:Ep 2)
1974 Police Story Harry's Wife Episode: "A Dangerous Age" (S 2:Ep 1)
1975 Gibbsville Lonnie
Police Story Irene
Doc Guest Episode: "The Other Woman" (S 1:Ep 3)
Police Story Mrs. Driscoll Episode: "Vice: 24 Hours" (S 3:Ep 10)
1976 The Mary Tyler Moore Show Charlene Maguire Episode: "Menage-a-Lou" (S 6:Ep 19)
All's Fair Barbara Epispde: "Jealousy" (S 1:Ep 2)
The Nancy Walker Show Guest Episode: "Dear Dr. Dora" (S 1:Ep 8)
All in the Family Denise Episodes:
1976–77 Lanigan's Rabbi Kate Laniga Contract role
1977 The Betty White Show Wilma Episode: "Mitzi's Cousin"( S1 :Ep 2)
1977–1980 Eight Is Enough Aunt Vivian Recurring
1978 The Love Boat Phyllis Morrison Episode: "A Selfless Love / The Nubile Nurse / Parents Know Best" (S 1:Ep 22)
Fantasy Island Charlotte Episode: "The Beachcomber / The Last Whodunit" (S 2:Ep 3)
Alice Ruth Episode: "The Cuban Connection" (S 2:Ep 18)
Hawaii Five-O Minnie Cahoon Episode: "The Case Against Philip Christie" (S 11:Ep 4)
Charlie's Angels Joan Sayers Episode: "Angels Ahoy!" (S 3:Ep 8)
The Rockford Files Miriam Episode: "A Three-Day Affair with a Thirty-Day Escrow" (S 5:Ep 7)
All in the Family Denise Episode: "Return of the Waitress" (S 9:Ep 9)
1980 Valentine Magic on Love Island Madge Romantic comedy made-for-TV-Movie directed by Earl Bellamy.[63]
Angel on My Shoulder Dolly Blaine Fantasy film made-for-TV-Movie directed by John Berry.[64]
1981 Fantasy Island Mabel Martin Episode: "High Off the Hog / Reprisal" (S 4:Ep 10)
Happy Days Angela Episode: "Mother and Child Reunion" (S 8:Ep 21)
Bret Maverick Mandy Packer Episodes:
Flamingo Road Jenny Episode: "The Powers That Be" (S 2:Ep 6)
Lewis & Clark Rose Episode: "The Family Affair" (S 1:Ep 6)
1982 Too Close for Comfort Irene Miller Episode: "The Last Weekend" (S 2:Ep 15)
Romance Theatre Estelle Recurring
1983 Matt Houston Lauren Calder Episode: "The Purrfect Crime" (S 1:Ep 12)
St. Elsewhere Dee Mackaluso Episode: "Remission" (S 1:Ep 14)
Fantasy Island Brian's Mother Episode: "The Devil Stick / Touch and Go" (S 6:Ep 18)
The Other Woman Mrs. Barnes Made-for-TV-Move directed by Melville Shavelson.[65][66][67][68][69]
Gun Shy Nettie McCoy
Baby Makes Five Blanche Riddle Contract role[70]
Trauma Center Guest Episode: "Trail's End" (S 1:Ep 7)
1984 Night Court Eleanor Brandon Episode: "Welcome Back, Momma" (S 1:Ep 4)
No Man's Land Maggie Hodiak Made-for-TV-Movie directed by Rod Holcomb.[71]
We Think the World Is Round Nina Animated made-for-TV-Movie directed by Rudy Larriva.
1985 Rockhopper Helen Larabee Adventure made-for-TV-Movie directed by Bill Bixby.[72]
1985–1986 Trapper John, M.D. Catherine Hackett Contract role
1987 Capitol Laureen Clegg Episode: "Episode #1.1268"
1989 Mission: Impossible Katherine Foster Episode: "The Haunting" (S 1:Ep 9)
General Hospital Aunt Iona Huntington Recurring
1990 Shades of L.A. Ruth Lockwood Episode: "Where There's No Will, There's a Weigh-In" (S 1:Ep 7)
1990–1993 Santa Barbara Minx Lockridge Recurring
1992 Room for Two Charlotte Agnoletti Episode: "Whose Mouth Is It Anyway?" (S 1:Ep 3)
1995 Legend Delilah Pratt Episode: "Clueless in San Francisco" (S 1:Ep 11)
1997 Caroline in the City Loretta Episode: "Caroline and the Bad Trip" (S 2:Ep 23)
2001 Family Law Ann Fox Episode: "The Quality of Mercy" (S 2:Ep 14)

Theatre[edit]

Year Title Role Venue Notes
1951–52 Remains to Be Seen Jody Revere Morosco Theatre (October 3, 1951–March 22, 1952) Directed by Bretaigne Windust, written by Howard Lindsay & Russel Crouse, and produced by Leland Hayward.[73][74]
1954–55 The Pajama Game Babe Williams[75] St. James Theatre (May 13, 1954–June 23, 1955)
1959 High Button Shoes Unknown State Fair of Texas in Dallas at Fair Park[78]
1963–64 Here's Love Doris Walker Shubert Theatre (October 3, 1963–July 25, 1964)
1968–70 Mame Mame Dennis[3]
1970 Gypsy Mama Rose Hershey Community Theater (August 17–22, 1970) With Jack Haskell.[87]
1971 Applause Margo Channing Performed in Johannesburg, South Africa.[88]
1973 Born Yesterday Unknown Country Dinner Playhouse (July 17, 1973–August 19, 1973)[89]
1974 Desk Set Bunny Watson[90] Thunderbird Dinner Theatre[90] Directed by Robert Bruce Holley.[90]
1975 Annie Get Your Gun Annie Oakley National tour[88]
1975 The Gingerbread Lady Evy Candlelight Dinner Playhouse (August 19, 1975–unknown) Replacement for Carolyn Jones.[91]
1978 Guys and Dolls Adelaide National tour[92]
1979 Ballroom Bea National tour[2]
1984–85 Alone Together[92] Helene Butler Music Box Theatre (October 21, 1984–January 12, 1985) Directed by Arnold Mittelman, written by Lawrence Roman, originally produced at the Whole Theatre Company, and produced by Arnold Mittelman and Lynne Peyser.[93]
1987 Happy Birthday, Mr. Abbott! or Night of 100 Years Unknown Palace Theatre (June 22, 1987)[94][95]
1987 The Gingerbread Lady Evy Equity Library Theater Directed by Geoffrey C. Shlaes.[96]
1989 The Gingerbread Lady Evy Coconut Grove Playhouse Directed by Jack Allison.[97]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hermiston Herald, 17-April-1947
  2. ^ a b Portantiere, Michael (March 23, 2013). "For Janis Paige, It's Today". Total Theater. New York City: Performing Arts Insider. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Jordan 2004, pp. 142–143.
  4. ^ Campbell, Mary (June 29, 1968). "Latest 'Mame' Likes Being Her Age". The Daytona Beach News-Journal. Daytona Beach, Florida: New Media Investment Group. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Janis Paige". Masterworks Broadway. New York City: Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  6. ^ Campbell 1984, p. 16.
  7. ^ Sheffield, Skip (May 12, 1988). "'Alone Together' draws veteran talent to Coconut Grove stage". Boca Raton News. Boca Raton, Florida: South Florida Media Company. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Wesley Hyatt, "Comedy Time"". tvparty.com. Retrieved November 13, 2010. 
  9. ^ Saunders 1957, p. 22.
  10. ^ a b c "Janis Paige". NNDB. United States: Soylent Communications. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Janis Paige divorces husband". The Madera Tribune. Madera, California: Madera Printing and Publishing Company. May 25, 1951. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  12. ^ Terrace 2011, p. 516.
  13. ^ King, Susan (February 24, 2012). "Janis Paige regains her voice". Los Angeles Times. United States: Tronc, Inc. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Bathing Beauty". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Hollywood Canteen". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Her Kind of Man". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Of Human Bondage 1946". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Of Human Bondage 1934". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  19. ^ Brown 1995, p. 119.
  20. ^ "Two Guys from Milwaukee". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
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  22. ^ "Love and Learn". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  23. ^ "Cheyenne". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
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  25. ^ "Winter Meeting". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
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  29. ^ Hinton, Nigel (2008). Time Bomb (Reprint ed.). Berkeley, California: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 978-1582462370. 
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  31. ^ One Sunday Afternoon at the Internet Broadway Database
  32. ^ Hagan, James (1933). One Sunday Afternoon. New York City: S. French Ltd. ASIN B0008611ZE. OCLC 2272619. 
  33. ^ "The Younger Brothers". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  34. ^ "The House Across the Street". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  35. ^ "Fugitive Lady". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  36. ^ Disney, Doris Miles (1946). Dark Road. New York City: The Crime Club. ASIN B003RXSKL8. 
  37. ^ "This Side of the Law". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  38. ^ This Side of the Law at the American Film Institute Catalog
  39. ^ "Mr. Universe". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  40. ^ "Two Gals and a Guy". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  41. ^ "Silk Stockings". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  42. ^ "Silk Stockings". The Broadway Musical Home. New York City. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  43. ^ "Ninotchka". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  44. ^ "Please Don't Eat the Daisies". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  45. ^ Kerr, Jean (1957). Please Don't Eat the Daisies (10th ed.). New York City: Doubleday. ASIN B001GS0VT0. 
  46. ^ Kerr, Jean (1979). Please Don't Eat the Daisies (Reprint ed.). Mattituck, New York: Amereon Limited. ISBN 978-0848805524. 
  47. ^ "Bachelor in Paradise". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  48. ^ "Follow the Boys". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  49. ^ "The Caretakers". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  50. ^ Telfer, Dariel (1959). The Caretakers (1st ed.). New York City: Signet Books. ASIN B00005XBH2. 
  51. ^ Telfer, Dariel (1969). The Caretakers (Paperback ed.). New York City: Signet Books. ISBN 978-0451017901. 
  52. ^ "Welcome to Hard Times". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
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  54. ^ "Natural Causes". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  55. ^ "I Won't Play". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  56. ^ "So You Want to Be in Pictures". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  57. ^ "Broadway: The Golden Age, by the Legends Who Were There". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  58. ^ a b Roberts 2009, p. 302.
  59. ^ Collison, Wilson (1935). Dark Dame. New York City: Claude Kendall & Willoughby Sharp Inc. ASIN B000LIUVBO. 
  60. ^ Goble 1999, p. 851.
  61. ^ "Frank D. Gilroy Biography". Film Reference Library. Toronto: International Federation of Film Archives. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  62. ^ "The Return of Joe Forrester". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  63. ^ "Valentine Magic on Love Island". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  64. ^ "Angel on My Shoulder". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  65. ^ "The Other Woman". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  66. ^ Maltin 1987, p. 722.
  67. ^ Drew 1983, p. 22.
  68. ^ Roberts 2009, p. 539.
  69. ^ Flander, Judy (September 5, 1984). "Other Woman Wins Night With Clever Twist". Star-Banner. Ocala, Florida: New Media Investment Group. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  70. ^ Flander 1983, p. 23.
  71. ^ "No Man's Land". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  72. ^ Goldberg, Lee (2015). Unsold Television Pilots: 1955-1989. Seattle: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1511590679. 
  73. ^ "Remains to Be Seen". Internet Broadway Database. New York City: The Broadway League. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  74. ^ "Remains to Be Seen". Playbill. New York City: TotalTheater. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  75. ^ Lamb 2001, p. 323.
  76. ^ "The Pajama Game". Internet Broadway Database. New York City: The Broadway League. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  77. ^ Bissell, Richard (1953). 7½ Cents (1st ed.). New York City: Little, Brown and Company. ASIN B0006AT7DA. 
  78. ^ Billboard 1959, p. 63.
  79. ^ Longstreet, Stephen (1946). The sisters liked them handsome. New York City: Julian Messner. ASIN B0007DWH2O. 
  80. ^ Robinson 2014, p. 318.
  81. ^ Green & Green 2008, p. 136.
  82. ^ Jewison, Norman (2005). This Terrible Business Has Been Good to Me: An Autobiography (1st ed.). New York City: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-0312328689. 
  83. ^ "Here's Love". Internet Broadway Database. New York City: The Broadway League. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  84. ^ Filichia, Peter (December 9, 1998). "Here's Love". Playbill. New York City: TotalTheater. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  85. ^ "Mame". Internet Broadway Database. New York City: The Broadway League. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  86. ^ Dennis, Patrick (2001). Auntie Mame: An Irreverent Escapade (Reprint ed.). New York City: Broadway Books. ASIN 0767908198. ISBN 978-0767908191. 
  87. ^ "Janis Paige in 'Gypsy' at Hershey". The Gettysburg Times. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Gettysburg Times Publishing LLC. August 3, 1970. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  88. ^ a b Paige 2016, p. 9.
  89. ^ "Janis Paige Will Star In 'Born Yesterday'". The St. Petersburg Times. Saint Petersburg: Sanoma Oyj. July 9, 1973. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  90. ^ a b c Kenyon 1974, p. 11.
  91. ^ "New 'Gingerbread' Lady". Chicago Tribune. Chicago: tronc Inc. July 29, 1975. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  92. ^ a b "Index of Plays - Alphabetical Order". Westport Country Playhouse. Westport, Connecticut: Fairfield County, Connecticut. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  93. ^ "Alone Together". Internet Broadway Database. New York City: The Broadway League. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  94. ^ "Happy Birthday, Mr. Abbott! or Night of 100 Years". Theatre Prolfile. United States. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  95. ^ "Happy Birthday, Mr. Abbott! or Night of 100 Years Full Cast". Internet Theatre Database. United States. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  96. ^ Bruckner, D.J.R. (December 9, 1987). "Theater: 'The Gingerbread Lady'". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  97. ^ Zink, Jack (April 17, 1989). "Early, Bittersweet Simon Is Powerful". Sun-Sentinel. Fort Lauderdale, Florida: Tribune Publishing. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]