Janjevo

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Janjevo
Janjeve
Town
The main street
The main street
Janjevo is located in Kosovo
Janjevo
Janjevo
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°34′26″N 21°14′56″E / 42.57389°N 21.24889°E / 42.57389; 21.24889Coordinates: 42°34′26″N 21°14′56″E / 42.57389°N 21.24889°E / 42.57389; 21.24889
Country  Kosovo
District District of Pristina
Municipality Lipjani
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,137
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Janjevo (in Serbian and Croatian) or Janjevë (in Albanian) is a town in the Lipjan municipality in southeastern Kosovo. The town was prior to the Kosovo War, inhabited by a majority of Croats, known by their demonym as Janjevci. During the Yugoslav Wars, much of the Croat population left Kosovo.

Geography[edit]

It is located in Lipjani municipality, by Gornja Gušterica and Teče.[1][2]

History[edit]

Janjevo is mentioned for the first time in 1303. With the development of the mining industry in the 14th and 15th centuries, it became an important center near Pristina and Novo Brdo. Among other things, the city had contacts with the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik) in what is now Croatia. One of the first schools in Kosovo opened in Janjevo in 1665 and is still in use today.[3]

Population[edit]

The population of Janjevci has decreased since the 1970s. Since 1971, the Janjevci have immigrated from Janjevo to Zagreb and Kistanje, causing a decline in the population of the Janjevci.[4][5] There is a Catholic church (St. Nikola)[6] located in the town about 100 meters from the main mosque.

There is an old folkloric belief that the town inhabitants were so smart to fool out even Nasreddin Efendy when he visited the town.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, there was a total number of 2137 inhabitants. Albanians numbered 1586, Croatians - 270, Roma - 177, Turks - 118, Ashkali - 11, Bosniaks - 5, Unknown - 4, Serbs - 1, Undeclared - 1.[7]

Demographic history
  • 1991: 4797 (est.); Croats - 2859, Roma - 344, Albanians - 59 (est. 1539), Serbs - 8
  • 1981: 5086; Croats - 3534, Albanians - 1078, Roma - 331, Serbs - 21.
  • 1971: 4742; Croats - 3761, Albanians - 576, Roma - 218, Serbs - 51.
  • 1961: 3762; Croats - 3052, Albanians - 302, Serbs - 47, Roma - 7.
  • 1953: 3420
  • 1948: 3090

Anthropology[edit]

In 1991, the most numerous families were the Palić (Matić and Rucić), Glasnović (Tomkić and Topalović), Ćibarić, Berišić (Ancić, Mazarekić and Golomejić), Macukić, Cirimotić.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Janjevo Map | Serbia and Montenegro Google Satellite Maps". Maplandia.com. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 
  2. ^ Janjevë, Lipjan, Kosovo, Collins Maps, retrieved 2013-08-29 
  3. ^ Historia e Komunës së Lipjanit (History of the Lipjani commune) (in Albanian), Lipjan Commune, retrieved 2013-08-28 
  4. ^ ŠILJKOVIĆ, ŽELJKA; GLAMUZINA, MARTIN (2004-05-26), "JANJEVO AND JANJEVCI – FROM KOSOVO TO ZAGREB", Geoadria (Croatian Geographical Society - Zadar, Department of Geography, University of Zadar) 9 (1): 88–109, retrieved 2013-07-15 
  5. ^ "Ethnic Croats inform Bebic about deteriorating security in Janjevo - Daily - tportal.hr". Daily.tportal.hr. 2011-11-24. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 
  6. ^ "President Jahjaga visited the Croatian community in Janjevo". Presidency of Kosovo. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  7. ^ "Ethnic composition, all places: 2011 census". 
  8. ^ "Komuna Lipjan - Në Janjevë u mbajt manifestimi " Gjurmë të Gjeçovit"". Lipjan Commune. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 

External links[edit]