|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (July 2015)|
|Place of origin||Sweden|
|Main ingredients||Potatoes, onions, pickled sprats, bread crumbs, cream|
|Cookbook: Janssons frestelse Media: Janssons frestelse|
Janssons frestelse (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈjɑːnˈsɔns ˈfrɛstɛlsə], Jansson's temptation) is a traditional Swedish casserole made of potatoes, onions, pickled sprats, bread crumbs and cream. It is commonly included in a Swedish Christmas smörgåsbord, but can be eaten on other occasions such as Easter. The dish is also common in Finland as Janssoninkiusaus.
The potatoes are cut into thin strips and layered in a roasting tin, alternating with the sprats and chopped onions in between. Salt and pepper is put over each layer, then cream is added so that it almost fills the tin. It is finally baked in an oven at 200 °C (392 °F) for about one hour.
The recipe is often mistranslated into English, with anchovies being substituted for sprats. This is because sprats (Sprattus sprattus) pickled in sugar, salt and spices have been known in Sweden as ansjovis since the middle of the 19th century, while true anchovies (Engraulis encrasicolus) are sold in Sweden as sardeller (sardelles). Also, small herrings (Clupea harengus) may be used instead of sprats.
Name and origin
It has often been claimed that the name originated with the opera singer Pelle Janzon (1844–89), remembered as a gourmand. However, another claim for the origin of the name has been made by Gunnar Stigmark in an article – "Så var det med Janssons frestelse" – which appeared in the periodical Gastronomisk kalender. According to Stigmark, the name was borrowed from the film Janssons frestelse (1928) featuring the popular actor Edvin Adolphson; as a name for this dish it was coined by Stigmark's mother and her hired cooking lady for the particular occasion of a society dinner, whence it spread to other households and eventually into cookbooks.
In popular culture
Janssons frestelse is used as a plot device in an episode of the adult animation TV series Archer entitled Killing Utne, where a poisoned frestelse accidentally kills agent Elke Hubsch. Torvald Utne says that the name means "temptation."
- The website Välmatade historier, recipe and article on Janssons frestelse, discussing the name (in Swedish)
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