January 1914

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The following events occurred in January 1914:

January 1, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

January 2, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

January 3, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

January 4, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

January 5, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

January 6, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 7, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 8, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

January 9, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

January 10, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Battle of Ojinaga - Pancho Villa led a force of 7,000 troops and captured Ojinaga, forcing more than half of the 4,000 defending federal troops to retreat over the Mexican-U.S. border. The victory effectively gave Villa control of nearly all of northern Mexico and cemented his reputation as a great military leader.[41]
  • Yuan Shikai, Provisional President for the Republic of China, formally dissolved Parliament after defeating political opponents Chinese Revolutionary Party through months of political and military maneuvers. Yuan began steps to replace the republic's provisional constitution with his own and within months proclaimed himself as China's new emperor.[42]
  • Saverne Affair - A military court in Strasbourg, Germany acquitted commanding officer Colonel Adolf von Reuter and Second Lieutenant Schadt for illegally appropriating the civilian police during and after a public protest on November 28, 1913 in Saverne, Alsace.[24]
  • Canadian Arctic Expedition – After drifting in ice for several months in the Beaufort Sea, the polar expedition crew of the ship Karluk were wakened to "a severe shudder [that] shook the whole ship," according to expedition member William Laird McKinlay. It was evident ice was attacking the hull, and at 6:45 AM a loud bang was heard, indicating the hull has been punctured. Captain Robert Bartlett observed a gash 10 feet (3.0 m) in the ship's engine room. With the pumps unable to handle the inflow of water, Bartlett ordered the crew to abandon ship.[43]
  • Rent strike organizers for 300 tenants living in the Burley area of Leeds called for a city-wide protest against a 6d increase in rents imposed by the Leeds branch of the Property Owners Association. The strike lasted eight weeks.[44]
  • A by-election for the Australian House of Representatives seat of Adelaide was held, triggered by the death of Labor Party MP Ernest Roberts. Labour Party candidate Edwin Yates won the seat, taking over 10,072 thousand votes (84 per cent) over Single Tax League opponent Edward Craigie at 1,857 (15 per cent).[45]
  • Archaeologists T. E. Lawrence and Leonard Woolley were recruited to undertake an archaeological survey of the Negev in Palestine.[46]
  • John G. Morrison and his son Arling were killed in their Salt Lake City grocery store by two armed intruders masked in red bandannas. Later that evening, labor activist Joel Emmanuel Hägglund, better known as Joe Hill, met a local doctor to be treated for a bullet wound in the left lung. Hill claimed he had been shot following an argument with a woman but refused to name her. The doctor later reported to police that Hill was also armed with a pistol. Police investigators searched Hill's residence and found a red bandanna but the pistol purported to be in Hill's possession was never found. Hill denied involvement in the robbery and the killing of Morrison. Hill did not know Morrison, and at his trial, defense lawyers pointed out four other people were treated for bullet wounds that same night, and the entry and size of the bullet wound aligned with Hill's testimony of the circumstances when he was shot.[47]
  • Norwegian speed skater Oscar Mathisen set the first of five world records throughout the month of January, starting with a finish of 43.7 seconds in the 500 m in Oslo.[48]
  • Died: Saint Leonie Aviat, Roman Catholic nun who co-founded the congregation of the Oblate Sisters of St. Francis de Sales (b. 1844); Robert Oskar Julius von Görschen, German lawyer, held key business executive positions for Aachen's top two companies (b. 1829)

January 11, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

January 12, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

January 13, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 14, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 15, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

January 16, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

January 17, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

January 18, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

January 19, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

January 20, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 21, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 22, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

January 23, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

January 24, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

January 25, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

January 26, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

January 27, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 28, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 29, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

  • An estimated 1,300 civilians were massacred by "bandit" soldiers under Bai Lang - known in media as the "White Wolf" - during the looting of Liuanchow in the Nganhwei Province, China.[106]
  • The British passenger ship Euripides, renamed later as the MS Akaroa, was launched at the Harland and Wolff shipyards in Belfast.[107]
  • U.S. President Woodrow Wilson directly wired cordial birthday wishes to Kaiser Wilhelm II, the first time the United States and Germany exchange messages using direct wireless communication.[108]
  • Pancho Villa formally confirmed he would not seek the presidency of Mexico should the revolution be successful, stating he continued to put his support behind Gen. Venustiano Carranza should the revolutionary leader ever run for president: "As proof of my loyalty and as evidence that I have no ambition to become president, I would leave the country if he ordered me to do so."[109]
  • Yone Noguchi lectured on "The Japanese Hokku Poetry" at Magdalen College, Oxford at the invitation of poet laureate, Robert Bridges.[110]
  • Born: Bonnie Prudden, American activist, promoter of physical fitness during the Dwight Eisenhower administration and the formation of President’s Council on Youth Fitness, in New York City (d. 2011)

January 30, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

January 31, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

References[edit]

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