January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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December 31 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 2

All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For January 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on December 19.



Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

  • with him, priests: John (Smirnov), Alexander (Ivanov), Alexander (Organov), John (Suldin), Trophimus (Miachin), Viacheslav Infantov, Basil Vitevsky, and Jacob Alferov (1938)[7][10][19][22]

Icon Gallery[edit]


  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "The CIRCUMCISION of Our Lord and Saviour JESUS CHRIST, by virtue of Whose Adorable Blood-shedding, a glorious host of Saints, Martyrs, Confessors, Virgins – men and women of every degree – as well in this land as throughout Christendom, kept the Faith, persevered unto death in their holy course, and in the end received the crown, at the hands of the Just Judge."[4]
  3. ^ "THE Circumcision of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Octave of His Nativity."[5]
  4. ^ This saint, a layman, should not be confused with the other St Basil of Ancyra, who was a priest (March 22).
  5. ^ Churches of the Russian tradition keep her feast on January 1, along with her son Basil. Greek churches keep her feast on May 8 or May 30, along with her husband Saint Basil the Elder and her mother-in-law, Saint Macrina the Elder.
  6. ^ In Greek tradition, his name was given to Father Christmas and he is supposed to visit children and give presents every January 1 (St Basil's Day) — unlike other traditions where Saint Nicholas arrives either on December 6 (Saint Nicholas Day) or on Christmas Eve (December 24). It is traditional on St Basil's Day to serve "Vasilopita", a rich bread baked with a coin inside. It is customary on his feast day to visit the homes of friends and relatives, to sing New Year carols, and to set an extra place at the table for Saint Basil. In Greek tradition and according to historical records, St Basil, of Greek heritage, is the original "Father Christmas", who being born into a wealthy family, gave away all his possessions to the poor and those in need, the underprivileged and children. A similar story exists for another Greek bishop, St. Nicholas of Myra. Over the centuries the two have been merged but the Western "Santa Claus" is St. Nicholas and the Eastern "Santa Claus" is St. Basil.
  7. ^ St Vassily is the baptismal patron of St Volodymyr the Great, and iconography of the enlightener of Rus’-Ukraine sometimes depicts him as St Basil, teaching the faith to the people.
  8. ^ The Venerable Theodosius was Abbot at one of the four famed monasteries of Triglia.
    (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεοδόσιος ἦταν ἡγούμενος σὲ μία ἀπὸ τὶς τέσσερις φημισμένες Μονὲς τῆς Τριγλίας, τοῦ Μιδηκίου, τοῦ Βαθέως Ρύακος, τοῦ Ἁγίου Στεφάνου καὶ τοῦ Ἁγίου Ἰωάννου. Κοιμήθηκε Ὁσίως μὲ εἰρήνη.
  9. ^ "At Spoleto, in the time of the emperor Antoninus, St. Concordius, priest and martyr, who was beaten with clubs, and then put to the torture. After a long confinement in prison, where he was visited by an angel, he lost his life by the sword."[5]
  10. ^ "In the same city, on the Appian way, the crowning with martyrdom of thirty holy soldiers, under the emperor Diocletian."[5]
  11. ^ "At Rome, St. Almachius, martyr, who, by the command of Alipius, governor of the city, was killed by the gladiators for saying, "Today is the Octave of our Lord's birth; put an end to the worship of idols, and abstain from unclean sacrifices."[5]
  12. ^ She founded a convent at Rossory in Fermanagh and was buried in Killane.
  13. ^ "In Africa, St. Fulgentius, bishop of Ruspoe, who suffered much from the Arians during the persecution of the Vandals, for holding the Catholic faith and teaching its excellent doctrine. After being banished to Sardinia, he was permitted to return to his diocese, where he ended his life by a holy death, leaving a reputation for sanctity and eloquence."[5]
  14. ^ "At Chieti, in Abruzzo, the birthday of St. Justin, bishop of that city, illustrious for holiness of life and miracles."[5] In the language of the Church, birthday refers to the day on which a Saint enters heaven. However, the Blessed Virgin and St. John the Baptist are exceptions to this rule.


  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Περιτομὴ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ The Circumcision of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  3. ^ Very Rev. John O'Hanlon. "Article XX.—Feast of the Circumcision of our Lord." In: Lives of the Irish Saints: With Special Festivals, and the Commemorations of Holy Persons. VOL. I. Dublin, 1875. pp. 26-27.
  4. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. p.1.
  5. ^ a b c d e f The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 1-3.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόδοτος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g January 14 / January 1. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  8. ^ Martyr Basil of Ancyra. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γρηγόριος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j January 1/14. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  11. ^ St Emilia, the Mother of St Basil the Great. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Βασίλειος ὁ Μέγας ὁ Καππαδόκης. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ St Basil the Great the Archbishop of Caesarea, in Cappadocia. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεοδόσιος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m January 1. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  16. ^ Very Rev. John O'Hanlon. "ARTICLE I.—ST. FANCHEA, VIRGIN, ABBESS OF ROSS OIRTHER, OR ROSSORY, COUNTY OF FERMANAGH, AND OF KILLANY, COUNTY OF LOUTH. [FIFTH AND SIXTH CENTURY.]." In: Lives of the Irish Saints: With Special Festivals, and the Commemorations of Holy Persons. VOL. I. Dublin, 1875. pp. 1-11.
  17. ^ Very Rev. John O'Hanlon. "Article XIV.—St. Connat, or Comnatan, Abbess of Kildare, County of Kildare. [Sixth Century.]." In: Lives of the Irish Saints: With Special Festivals, and the Commemorations of Holy Persons. VOL. I. Dublin, 1875. pp. 24-25.
  18. ^ Very Rev. John O'Hanlon. "Article XI.—Feast of St. Mochua, or Cuan, Abbot and Patron of Teach-Mochua, or Timahoe, Queen's County. [Sixth or Seventh Century.]." In: Lives of the Irish Saints: With Special Festivals, and the Commemorations of Holy Persons. VOL. I. Dublin, 1875. pp. 23-24.
  19. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.4.
  20. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πέτρος ὁ Πελοποννήσιος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ a b c (in Russian) 1 января (ст.ст.) 14 января 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πλάτων ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.


Greek Sources

Russian Sources