January 2019 lunar eclipse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

January 2019 lunar eclipse
Total eclipse
Total lunar eclipse on January 21, 2019 (45910439045) (cropped).jpg
From Oria, Italy, 5:43 UTC, end of totality
Lunar eclipse chart close-2019Jan21.png
Chart of the eclipse; ecliptic north is up, hourly motion shown right to left
Date21 January 2019
Gamma0.3684
Magnitude1.1953
Saros cycle134 (27 of 73)
CatalogLE2019Jan21T
Duration
Totality61 minutes, 59 seconds
Partiality196 minutes, 45 seconds
Penumbral311 minutes, 30 seconds

A total lunar eclipse occurred on 21 January 2019 UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). For observers in the Americas, the eclipse took place between the evening of Sunday, January 20 and the early morning hours of Monday, January 21. For observers in Europe and Africa, the eclipse occurred during the morning of January 21. The Moon was near its perigee on January 21 and as such can be described as a "supermoon".[1]

As this supermoon was also a wolf moon (the first full moon in a calendar year), it was referred to as a "super blood wolf moon"; "blood" refers to the typical red color of the Moon during a total lunar eclipse.[2] This was the last total lunar eclipse until May 2021.

Visibility[edit]

The eclipse was visible in its entirety from North and South America, as well as portions of western Europe and northwest Africa. From locations in North America, the eclipse began during the evening hours of January 20. Observers at locations in Europe and much of Africa was able to view part of the eclipse before the Moon sets in the early morning (pre-dawn) hours of January 21.

Lunar eclipse from moon-2019Jan21.png
View of Earth from Moon during greatest eclipse
Visibility Lunar Eclipse 2019-01-21.png
Visibility map

Timing[edit]

Contact points relative to Earth's umbral and penumbral shadows, here with the Moon near its descending node

The timing of total lunar eclipses are determined by its contacts:[3]

P1 (First contact): Beginning of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
U1 (Second contact): Beginning of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
U2 (Third contact): Beginning of the total eclipse. The Moon's surface is entirely within Earth's umbra.
Greatest eclipse: The peak stage of the total eclipse. The Moon is at its closest to the center of Earth's umbra.
U3 (Fourth contact): End of the total eclipse. The Moon's outer limb exits Earth's umbra.
U4 (Fifth contact): End of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra leaves the Moon's surface.
P4 (Sixth contact): End of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra no longer makes contact with the Moon.

The penumbral phases of the eclipse changes the appearance of the Moon only slightly and is generally not noticeable.[4]

Local times of contacts
Timezone
adjustments from
UTC
Americas Atlantic European/African
-8h -7h -6h -5h -4h -3h -2h -1h 0h +1h +2h +3h
PST MST CST EST AST GMT
WET
WEST
CET
BST
CEST
EET
MSK−1
FET
MSK
EAT
Event Evening January 20 Morning January 21
P1 Penumbral begins* 6:37 pm 7:37 pm 8:37 pm 9:37 pm 10:37 pm 11:37 pm 12:37 am 1:37 am 2:37 am 3:37 am 4:37 am 5:37 am
U1 Partial begins 7:34 pm 8:34 pm 9:34 pm 10:34 pm 11:34 pm 12:34 am 1:34 am 2:34 am 3:34 am 4:34 am 5:34 am 6:34 am
U2 Total begins 8:41 pm 9:41 pm 10:41 pm 11:41 pm 12:41 am 1:41 am 2:41 am 3:41 am 4:41 am 5:41 am 6:41 am 7:41 am
Mid-eclipse 9:12 pm 10:12 pm 11:12 pm 12:12 am 1:12 am 2:12 am 3:12 am 4:12 am 5:12 am 6:12 am 7:12 am 8:12 am
U3 Total ends 9:43 pm 10:43 pm 11:43 pm 12:43 am 1:43 am 2:43 am 3:43 am 4:43 am 5:43 am 6:43 am 7:43 am 8:43 am
U4 Partial ends 10:51 pm 11:51 pm 12:51 am 1:51 am 2:51 am 3:51 am 4:51 am 5:51 am 6:51 am 7:51 am 8:51 am 9:51 am
P4 Penumbral ends* 11:48 pm 12:48 am 1:48 am 2:48 am 3:48 am 4:48 am 5:48 am 6:48 am 7:48 am 8:48 am 9:48 am 10:48 am

Observations[edit]

Totality
Partial
Penumbral
Supermoon before and after eclipse

Appearance[edit]

It took place in the constellation of Cancer, just west of the Beehive Cluster.

January 2019 lunar eclipse animation.gif

Related eclipses[edit]

Lunar year series[edit]

Saros series[edit]

It is part of Saros cycle 134.

Half-Saros cycle[edit]

A lunar eclipse will be preceded and followed by solar eclipses by 9 years and 5.5 days (a half saros).[5] This lunar eclipse is related to two annular solar eclipses of Solar Saros 141.

January 15, 2010 January 26, 2028
SE2010Jan15A.png SE2028Jan26A.png

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.foxnews.com/science/super-blood-moon-eclipse-stuns-in-remarkable-pictures
  2. ^ "Super blood wolf moon: stargazers battle cold and clouds to view lunar eclipse". The Guardian. January 21, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  3. ^ Clarke, Kevin. "On the nature of eclipses". Inconstant Moon. Cyclopedia Selenica. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  4. ^ Espenak, Fred. "Lunar Eclipses for Beginners". MrEclipse. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  5. ^ Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, p.110, Chapter 18, The half-saros

External links[edit]