January 2019 lunar eclipse
From Oria, Italy, 5:43 UTC, end of totality
Chart of the eclipse; ecliptic north is up, hourly motion shown right to left
|Date||21 January 2019|
|Saros cycle||134 (27 of 73)|
|Totality||61 minutes, 59 seconds|
|Partiality||196 minutes, 45 seconds|
|Penumbral||311 minutes, 30 seconds|
A total lunar eclipse occurred on 21 January 2019 UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). For observers in the Americas, the eclipse took place between the evening of Sunday, January 20 and the early morning hours of Monday, January 21. For observers in Europe and Africa, the eclipse occurred during the morning of January 21. The Moon was near its perigee on January 21 and as such can be described as a "supermoon".
As this supermoon was also a wolf moon (the first full moon in a calendar year), it was referred to as a "super blood wolf moon"; "blood" refers to the typical red color of the Moon during a total lunar eclipse. This was the last total lunar eclipse until May 2021.
The eclipse was visible in its entirety from North and South America, as well as portions of western Europe and northwest Africa. From locations in North America, the eclipse began during the evening hours of January 20. Observers at locations in Europe and much of Africa was able to view part of the eclipse before the Moon sets in the early morning (pre-dawn) hours of January 21.
View of Earth from Moon during greatest eclipse
The timing of total lunar eclipses are determined by its contacts:
- P1 (First contact): Beginning of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
- U1 (Second contact): Beginning of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra touches the Moon's outer limb.
- U2 (Third contact): Beginning of the total eclipse. The Moon's surface is entirely within Earth's umbra.
- Greatest eclipse: The peak stage of the total eclipse. The Moon is at its closest to the center of Earth's umbra.
- U3 (Fourth contact): End of the total eclipse. The Moon's outer limb exits Earth's umbra.
- U4 (Fifth contact): End of the partial eclipse. Earth's umbra leaves the Moon's surface.
- P4 (Sixth contact): End of the penumbral eclipse. Earth's penumbra no longer makes contact with the Moon.
The penumbral phases of the eclipse changes the appearance of the Moon only slightly and is generally not noticeable.
|Event||Evening January 20||Morning January 21|
|P1||Penumbral begins*||6:37 pm||7:37 pm||8:37 pm||9:37 pm||10:37 pm||11:37 pm||12:37 am||1:37 am||2:37 am||3:37 am||4:37 am||5:37 am|
|U1||Partial begins||7:34 pm||8:34 pm||9:34 pm||10:34 pm||11:34 pm||12:34 am||1:34 am||2:34 am||3:34 am||4:34 am||5:34 am||6:34 am|
|U2||Total begins||8:41 pm||9:41 pm||10:41 pm||11:41 pm||12:41 am||1:41 am||2:41 am||3:41 am||4:41 am||5:41 am||6:41 am||7:41 am|
|Mid-eclipse||9:12 pm||10:12 pm||11:12 pm||12:12 am||1:12 am||2:12 am||3:12 am||4:12 am||5:12 am||6:12 am||7:12 am||8:12 am|
|U3||Total ends||9:43 pm||10:43 pm||11:43 pm||12:43 am||1:43 am||2:43 am||3:43 am||4:43 am||5:43 am||6:43 am||7:43 am||8:43 am|
|U4||Partial ends||10:51 pm||11:51 pm||12:51 am||1:51 am||2:51 am||3:51 am||4:51 am||5:51 am||6:51 am||7:51 am||8:51 am||9:51 am|
|P4||Penumbral ends*||11:48 pm||12:48 am||1:48 am||2:48 am||3:48 am||4:48 am||5:48 am||6:48 am||7:48 am||8:48 am||9:48 am||10:48 am|
Lindsborg, Kansas (22:41 local time)
Totality in Coralville, Iowa, 5:07 UTC (23:07 Local Time)
Totality in Belgium, 5:24 UTC (6:24 Local Time)
- Supermoon before and after eclipse
Lunar year series
|Lunar eclipse series sets from 2016–2020|
|Descending node||Ascending node|
|109||2016 Aug 18
||2017 Feb 11
||2017 Aug 07
||2018 Jan 31
||2018 Jul 27
||2019 Jan 21
|139||2019 Jul 16
||144||2020 Jan 10
|149||2020 Jul 05
|Last set||2016 Sep 16||Last set||2016 Mar 23|
|Next set||2020 Jun 05||Next set||2020 Nov 30|
It is part of Saros cycle 134.
|January 15, 2010||January 26, 2028|
- "Super blood wolf moon: stargazers battle cold and clouds to view lunar eclipse". The Guardian. January 21, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- Clarke, Kevin. "On the nature of eclipses". Inconstant Moon. Cyclopedia Selenica. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
- Espenak, Fred. "Lunar Eclipses for Beginners". MrEclipse. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, p.110, Chapter 18, The half-saros
- 2019 Jan 21 chart: Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
- Hermit eclipse: 2019-01-21
- Eclipse information from skyandtelescope.com, including timing in different time zones
|This Lunar eclipse-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|