January 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Jan. 1 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Jan. 3

All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 15 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For January 2nd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on December 20.

Feasts[edit]

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

  • Martyrs Artaxus, Acutus, Eugenda, Maximianus, Timothy, Tobias and Vitus, in Syrmium in Pannonia (3rd-4th century)[16]
  • Martyrs of Rome, many martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian for refusing to give up the Holy Scriptures (c. 303)[16][note 3]
  • Thousand Martyrs of Lichfield ('field of bodies') in England:

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

  • New Martyr Basil Petrov (1942)[29][30]
  • New Hieromartyr Dmitri Shpakovsky (1942)[31]

Other Commemorations[edit]

  • Commemoration of Archimandrite Joanniky Golatovsky (1688)[31][note 10]
  • Repose of Hieroschemamonk Gabriel of Optina and Whitehoof Convent (1871)[1]
  • Repose of Abbess Thaisia of Leushino Monastery (1915)[1][note 11]
  • Martyred Elder Ioasaph of St. Tikhon of Kaluga Monastery (1919)[1]
  • Repose of Elder Iakovos of Epirus (1961)[1]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ The first day of the Forefeast of Theophany falls on January 2. Like the hymns for the Nativity, many of the Church's hymns of this period are slightly modified versions of the hymns of Holy Week. One of the hymns at Matins today says that the coming Feast of Theophany will be "even more radiant" than the Feast of the Nativity.[2]
  3. ^ "At Rome, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who, despising the edict of the emperor Diocletian, which ordered that the sacred books should be delivered up, preferred to surrender themselves to the executioners rather than to give holy things to dogs."[12]
  4. ^ "The Christians of Britain appear to have escaped unharmed in the earlier persecutions which afflicted the Church; but the cruel edicts of Diocletian were enforced in every corner of the empire, and the faithful inhabitants of this land, whether native Britons or Roman colonists, were called upon to furnish their full number of holy Martyrs and Confessors. The names of few are on record; but the British historian, St. Gildas, after relating the martyrdom of St. Alban, tells us that many others were seized, some put to the most unheard-of tortures, and others immediately executed, while not a few hid themselves in forests and deserts and the caves of the earth, where they endured a prolonged death until God called them to their reward. The same writer attributes it to the subsequent invasion of the English, then a pagan people, that the recollection of the places, sanctified by these martyrdoms, has been lost, and so little honour paid to their memory. It may be added that, according to one tradition, a thousand of these Christians were overtaken in their flight near Lichfield, and cruelly massacred, and that the name of Lichfield, or field of the Dead, is derived from them."[17]
  5. ^ There is however, no evidence to support this legend.[18]
  6. ^ "ST. SCOTHIN was a native of Ireland, who came over to Britain and was the disciple of St. David in Wales. He afterwards returned to his own country, and lived as a solitary at Mount Mairge in Queen's County, where full of merits he gave up his soul to God."[17]
  7. ^ He entered the monastery of Corbie in the north of France, where he became abbot. Exiled, he founded New Corbie (Corvey) in Saxony in Germany.
  8. ^ Saint Sylvester of the Caves lived during the twelfth century and was igumen of the Mikhailovsk Vydubitsk monastery at Kiev. He continued the work of St Nestor the Chronicler (October 27) and he wrote nine Lives of the holy saints of the Kiev Caves. In the service to the Fathers venerated in the Near Caves, St Sylvester is called blessed and endowed with "a miraculous gift to ward off demonic suggestions (Ode 9 of the Canon). St Sylvester was buried in the Near Caves, and his memory is celebrated on September 28, and on the second Sunday of Great Lent.[22]
  9. ^ The second finding of his relics occurred in 1991. A procession formed to escort the relics, on foot, all the way from Moscow to Diveyevo Convent, where they remain to this day.[29]
  10. ^ A friend of Blessed Lazar Baranovich, Joanniky produced a great scholarly, literary heritage.[31]
  11. ^ (in Russian) Webpage of the Leushino Monastery, now submerged under the waters of the Rybinsk Sea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p January 2/January 15. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Forefeast of the Theophany of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ἡ Ἁγία Θεοδότη. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Σέργιος. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόπιστος. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεαγένης ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Hieromartyr Theogenes the Bishop of Parium on the Hellespont. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Σιλβέστρος Πάπας Ρώμης. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ St Sylvester the Pope of Rome. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Βασίλειος ὁ Μάρτυρας ἐξ Ἀγκύρας. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰσίδωρος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ a b c The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.3-4.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεόπεμπτος. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ὅσιος Μᾶρκος ὁ Κωφὸς. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.4.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h January 2. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  17. ^ a b Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp.1-2.
  18. ^ "Explaining the origin of the 'field of the dead' legend". British History Online. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Σειρίολος ὁ Δίκαιος. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Κοσμᾶς ὁ Θαυματουργός Α’ Πατριάρχης Κωνσταντινουπόλεως. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ὅσιος Σιλβέστρος ἐκ Ρωσίας. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Venerable Sylvester of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ἡ Ὁσία Ἰουλιανὴ ἡ Δικαία. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Righteous Juliana of Lazarevo, Murom. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  25. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Γεώργιος (ἢ Ζώρζης) ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ὁ Γκιουρτζὴς. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. ^ New Martyr George of Iberia. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  27. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek): Ὁ Ὅσιος Σεραφεὶμ τοῦ Σάρωφ. 2 ΙΑΝΟΥΑΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. ^ Repose of the Venerable Seraphim the Wonderworker of Sarov. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  29. ^ a b January 15 / January 2. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  30. ^ (in Russian) 2 января (ст. ст.) 15 января 2014 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  31. ^ a b c Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).

Sources[edit]

  • January 2/January 15. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • January 15 / January 2. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • January 2. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.4.
  • January 2. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.3-4.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources

  • (in Russian) 15 января (2 января). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  • (in Russian) 2 января (ст.ст.) 15 января 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).