6 January Dictatorship
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The 6 January Dictatorship (Croatian: Šestosiječanjska diktatura, Serbian: Шестојануарска диктатура/Šestojanuarska diktatura, Slovene: Šestojanuarska diktatura) was a royal dictatorship established in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia after 1929) by King Alexander (r. 1921–34). It lasted from 6 January 1929, when the king prorogued parliament and assumed control of the state, and ended with his assassination in Marseille on 9 October 1934.
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King Alexander abolished the Vidovdan Constitution, prorogued the National Assembly and introduced a personal dictatorship on 6 January 1929. The next day, General Petar Živković became prime minister, heading the regime's Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy. On 11 January, the State Court for the Protection of the State was established in Belgrade.
On 25 April, Đuro Đaković, a prominent unionist and the first secretary of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was killed by Yugoslav policemen at the Yugoslav-Austrian border, Slovenia, after four days of torture and interrogation in a Zagreb police station.
On 3 October, the state was renamed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and was divided into new administrative divisions, called banovine (singular banovina).
On 22 December, Croatian leader Vladko Maček was arrested.
After Alexander was assassinated, he was succeeded by the Yugoslav regency.
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