Janusz Korwin-Mikke in 2015
|Member of the Sejm|
25 November 1991 – 31 May 1993
|Member of the European Parliament
1 July 2014
|Born||Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke
27 October 1942
|Political party||KORWiN (2015–present)|
|Spouse(s)||Ewa Mieczkowska (1966-73,div.)
Małgorzata Szmit (1993-)
Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjanuʂ ˈkɔrvʲin ˈmʲikkɛ], often referred to by his initials JKM, born 27 October 1942) is a libertarian conservative Polish politician and writer, the creator of the Polish libertarian and Eurosceptic political party Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic – Liberty and Hope (KORWiN) and Member of the European Parliament. He was the leader of the Congress of the New Right (KNP), which was formed in 2011 from Liberty and Lawfulness, which he led from its formation in 2009, and the Real Politics Union (UPR – Unia Polityki Realnej), which he led from 1990 to 1997 and 1999 to 2003. Currently he is the chairman of the KORWiN party (along with Przemysław Wipler, Polish MP, and Robert Iwaszkiewicz, MEP), which was formed by part of the Congress of the New Right.
Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke was born in German-occupied Warsaw on October 27, 1942. He was the only child of Ryszard Mikke and Maria Rosochacka. His father was the head of an engineering department of the State Aviation Works. After the death of his mother during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, he was under the care of his grandmother and later stepmother. He studied at the Faculty of Mathematics and Faculty of Philosophy of the Warsaw University. In 1965 he was detained by the communist authorities while studying psychology, law, and sociology. In 1968 like other members he was again arrested, jailed and expelled from the university for his participation in student protests. He passed his master's examination without attending any philosophy courses.
In years 1969–1974 he was a researcher in the Institute of Motor Transport (Instytut Transportu Samochodowego), and then at Warsaw University. In 1978 he established the "Liberal Publishing House" (Oficyna Liberałów), an underground publishing house.
From 1962 to 1982 he was a member of the Democratic Party, a puppet party subordinate to the communist authorities. In August 1980 he supported the political strike of the Szczecin Shipyard workers, and later he was an adviser of NSZZ Rzemieślników Indywidualnych "Solidarność" (Independent Craftsmen's Union). When he was elected the chairman of a classical liberal political party called Ruch Polityki Realnej (Movement of Real Policy), which in 1989 changed its name to Unia Polityki Realnej (UPR, Union of Real Policy). In 1990 he established a new weekly, Najwyższy Czas! ("It's High Time!"). The paper was named to have published a number of antisemitic articles, some of them by Korwin-Mikke himself, but no exact reference to any particular articles was made. Janusz Korwin-Mikke himself has since then frequently denied being an anti-Semite.
Lech Wałęsa appointed him to Solidarity's advisory body, Komitet Obywatelski (Civic Committee).
Janusz Korwin-Mikke, with whom I corresponded, had been active before liberation as an underground publisher, bringing out a translation of Capitalism and Freedom and Hayek's Road to Serfdom, as well as other libertarian literature. Subsequently, he ran for president on a strict libertarian platform. At the time we were in Warsaw, his Union of Real Policy was housed in a former dwelling that was a literal maze of small offices, all occupied by young people actively working on spreading the libertarian gospel. We had very good, lively discussions with them.— Milton Friedman, Two lucky people: Memoirs – Milton Friedman, Rose. D. Friedman
Korwin-Mikke was a Member of Parliament during the first term of the Sejm of the Third Republic of Poland. He was the originator of the vetting resolution on 28 May 1992, which obliged the Minister of Internal Affairs to disclose the names of all politicians who had been communist secret police agents. The disclosed list contained numerous prominent politicians of most political factions. This led to the government being overthrown by the opposition and the President Lech Walesa.
He was a candidate for the UPR in the Polish presidential election of 1995, obtaining 2.4% of the vote. He was also candidate in 2000 when he got 1.43% of the vote. In the senate by-election in Wrocław in April 2004 he got 18% of the vote, but did not win the seat. In the presidential elections of 2005 he obtained 1.4% of the vote. Running as a candidate of a new party, the self-named KORWiN, he received 3.3% of the vote and placed fourth in the 2015 presidential election.
Janusz Korwin-Mikke is a libertarian conservative. His economic views are radically libertarian. He frequently refers to such figures as Frédéric Bastiat, Alexis de Tocqueville, Friedrich Hayek, Milton Friedman and Margaret Thatcher. Korwin-Mikke is a self-declared monarchist and thinks that democracy is the "stupidest form of government ever conceived" where "two bums from under a beer stand have twice more votes than an university professor". He claims that "This leads to idiocy, defraudation and corruption" and "this is how the Athenian democracy ended".
In 2008, his blog was the most popular political blog in Poland.
Korwin-Mikke is a popular public figure in mass media and in the Internet, mainly due to his unusual or eccentric ways of demonstrating his political stances. For instance, together with the Polish musician Krzysztof Skiba, he protested against the high taxes in Poland by eating his tax return in front of the Polish revenue service office.
One of Korwin-Mikke's idiosyncratic claims that caught public attention was him denying the basis for women's suffrage, as according to him most women were not interested in politics anyway and would more often vote for a welfare state. He also claims that women are generally less intelligent than men. To back up his claims, he pointed out that in top 100 chess players there is only one woman. On the other hand, he does not deny women the passive right to vote and he claims that Margaret Thatcher is his political authority and he attended her funeral.
Other provocative statements include his claim that there is no proof that Adolf Hitler was aware of the Holocaust. He also stated that the difference between rape and consensual sex is very subtle. He further claimed that: "there is a hypothesis that the attitudes of men are passed to women by way of the semen which penetrates the tissue... now when contraceptives are much more in use, the women become much more independent.” During the 2012 Summer Paralympics, Korwin-Mikke wrote that the general public should "not see the disabled on television". In 2007 he set up a "Individual Development Foundation" which helps disabled people develop their skills in chess. He proposed that the European Commission's Berlaymont building would be better used as a brothel. In regards to welfare, he believes that “if someone gives money to an unemployed person, he should have his hand cut off because he is destroying the morale of the people."
In 2014, Korwin-Mikke was fined by the President of the European Parliament for 'expressing himself in a racist manner'. The decision was taken due to Korwin-Mikke's speech given during the plenary session on 16 July, when Korwin-Mikke had compared the EU employment policy to the policy of John Kennedy's administration and concluded that: 'we have 20 million Europeans who are now negroes of Europe'. According to Korwin-Mikke the word 'negroes' was not meant as an offence, but rather referred to the song by John Lennon and Yoko Ono 'Woman is the Nigger of the world'.
At the plenary session of the European Parliament held after the assault at Charlie Hebdo, Korwin-Mikke expressed his dissatisfaction with the public reaction to those events by typing at his laptop 'I am not Charlie. I am for death penalty' and presenting it to the public instead of a sign 'Je suis Charlie' held by the other MEPs. The following day Korwin-Mikke gave a speech stating that 'our enemies are in mosques' and advocating the reinstitution of death penalty, rejection of the Acquis communautaire, and the dissolution of the European Union.
In January 2015, Korwin-Mikke was dismissed from the position of the leader of the Congress of the New Right by one of the party's supreme bodies. Allegedly, the decision was taken after it had been discovered that he had fathered children out of wedlock.
On 15 April 2015 the Polish news outlet Wiadomości quoted Korwin-Mikke that the snipers that shot civilians and police officers during the Maidan protests were trained in Poland and that they acted on behalf of the CIA to provoke riots.
On 8 September 2015, Korwin-Mikke was giving a speech in European Parliament about the European migrant crisis, during which he described immigrants unwilling to work as "human garbage". His opinion met with critical reaction of other MEPs. As a result of this, Korwin-Mikke was once more suspended from the European Parliament for 10 days and fined € 3062.
- Ratujmy państwo (Let's Save the Country) 1990
- Nie tylko o Żydach (Not Only About Jews) 1991
- Prowokacja? (Provocation?) 1991
- Wizja parlamentu w nowej konstytucji Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Vision of parliament in new Polish constitution) 1994
- "Rząd rżnie głupa" – czyli mowy sejmowe (Government playing dumb – Parliament speeches) 1993
- Vademecum ojca (Father's vademecum) 1997
- Niebezpieczne ubezpieczenia (Dangerous insurances) 2000
- Ekonomikka (Economikks) 2001
- Rok 2007 (Year 2007) 2001
- Dekadencja (Decadence) 2002
- Naprawić Polskę? No problem! (Fix Poland? No problem!) 2004
- Podatki – Czyli rzecz o grabieży (Taxes – byword for robbery) 2004
- Bez impasu (Without impasse/finesse)
- Kto tu dymi? (Who is raising a fuss here?) 2007
- Rusofoby w odwrocie (Russophobes on the way out) 2009
- Rząd rżnie głupa (The government is playing dumb) 2013
- Lansford, Tom, ed. (2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. CQ Press. p. 1157.
- "Migrant Crisis Tops Agenda In Polish Election Debate". Breitbart. 21 October 2015.
- "Korwin-Mikke ousted as leader of New Right". thenews.pl. Polskie Radio. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Ostaszewski, Krzysztof. "The Market Solution to Economic Development in Eastern Europe" (PDF). Illinois State University. The Edwin Mellen Press. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- Pankowski, Rafal; Kornak, Marcin (2005). "Poland". In Mudde, Cas. Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe. Routledge. p. 151. Missing or empty
- "Korwin-Mikke tłumaczy holenderskim mediom, że nie jest antysemitą... po angielsku, z "francuskim" akcentem".
- "Korwin-Mikke: nie jestem antysemitą".
- Two lucky people: Memoirs – Milton Friedman, Rose. D. Friedman.
- "4 czerwca 1992 r. skończyła się wolność".
- "PiS sit top after election results". New Poland Express. 16 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- Graham-Harrison, Emma (8 November 2014). "Nigel Farage's new friend in Europe: 'When women say no, they don't always mean it'". The Guardian/The Observer.
- "Meet the new faces ready to sweep into the European parliament". The Guardian. 26 May 2014.
- "Janusz Korwin-Mikke w Białymstoku: Dwaj menele mogą więcej niż profesor [FOTO]".
- Blog Janusza Korwin-Mikke najpopularniejszy w Internecie – blog, Janusz Korwin-Mikke. media2.pl (2012-03-27). Retrieved on 2012-04-06.
- Brydż, 1976 (Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Watra) OCLC 751027874
- "Pijawki kłamią". Gość Niedzielny. 08.08.20 (31/2010). Check date values in:
- "Leader of Poland's Euro-sceptic party believes: "Women should not have right to vote."". 7 April 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- Day, Matthew (16 May 2014). "EU elections 2014: the Polish party that wants to turn EC building in Brussels into brothel". The Telegraph.
- "Światowe media piszą o Korwinie na pogrzebie Lady Thatcher".
- "Korwin-Mikke w brytyjskiej prasie. O Tusku i Wałęsie ani słowa".
- "Margaret Thatcher funeral: mourners from far and wide lined the route".
- Szczerbiak, Aleks (10 June 2014). "The Congress of the New Right is the latest anti-establishment party to have success in Poland, but it may struggle to secure long-term support". EUROPP — European Politics and Policy blog. London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
- "Politician blasts Paralympics". News Poland Express. 7 September 2012.
- "Fundacja Indywidualnego Kształcenia – Foundation Site".
- "10 faktow o Januszu Korwinie Mikke których nie znacie".
- "Schulz's decision on the inappropriate language of MEP Janusz Korwin-Mikke".
- Syal, Rajeev (20 October 2014). "Ukip does deal with far-right, racist Holocaust-denier to save EU funding". The Guardian.
- Day, Matthew (17 July 2014). "Polish MEP says 'n-----' in EU parliament". The Telegraph.
- Stanisławska, Joanna (2015-04-15). "Korwin-Mikke: snajperzy z Majdanu byli szkoleni w Polsce" (in Polish). Wiadomości. Retrieved 2015-04-22.
- "Putin supporter in EP calls migrants human garbage Read more on UNIAN: http://www.unian.info/world/1120566-putin-supporter-in-ep-calls-migrants-human-garbage.html". unian.info. Retrieved 11 September 2015. External link in
- "Protokoll – Montag, 26. Oktober 2015". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
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