|Elevation||459 m (1,506 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jaora(जावरा) is a city and a municipality in Ratlam district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Jaora is located in the Malwa region, between Ratlam and Mandsaur. It was the capital of the princely state of Jaora before Independence. During the Mourning of Muharram, thousands of people from all over the world visit the shrine of Hussain Tekri. Jains visit Jaora as a place that the Jain ascetic Rajendrasuri practiced tapasya.
As of the 2001 India census, Jaora had a population of 63,736. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jaora has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 54%. In Jaora, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Jaora princely state
The state was founded by 'Abdu'l Ghafur Muhammad Khan, a Muslim of Afghan descent. He was a cavalry officer serving the Pindari leader Amir Khan. He later served the Holkar maharaja of Indore, subduing Rajput territories in northern Malwa and annexing their lands. In return for his services, he was granted the title of Nawab in 1808. The state was confirmed by the British government in 1818 by the Treaty of Mandsaur.
Places of Interest
There are two city parks, Chota Baagh and Bada Baagh. The Hussain Tekri shrine on the edge of the town attracts thousands of visitors every year. Notable temples include the 200-year-old Radhakrishna temple, Manchapuran Hanuman temple, Jagnath Mahadev, Bada mandir (Jain Temple), and Jain Dadawadi (Shree Rajendrasurishwar ji maharasaheb).
- Govt. Polytechnic College, Jaora
- Bhagat Singh Degree College
- Narendra Singh Chandravat College
- ITI College
- Sardar Patel College of Nursing
- Adab Academy School
- Saint Haider Memorial School
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir
- Saraswati Vidhya Mandir
- Saraswati Puram
- Jaora Public Senior Secondary School
- Saint Peter's School
- Model School
- Saint Paul's School
- Mahaveer Jain National School
- Mahatma Gandhi School of Excellence
- Trimurti convent higher secondary school
Jaora has a railway station on the Indian Railways network between Ratlam - Ajmer section. From Jaora there are direct trains for Ajmer, Udaipur, Agra, Kota, Indore, Ujjain, Ratlam, Neemuch, Mumbai, Vadodara, Ahmedabad.
The Mhow-Neemuch state highway passes through Jaora. Jaora is 34 km from district HQ Ratlam. Buses provide access to the surrounding area.
Nawabs of Jaora
- 1817 Iftikhar ud-Daula, Nawab Abdul Ghafur'Khan Bahadur, Diler-Jung
- 1825 Muhtasim ud-Daula, Nawab Ghaus Muhammad'Khan Bahadur, Shaukat-Jung
- 1865 Ihtisham ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Ismail'Khan Bahadur, Firoz-Jung
- 1895 Fakhr ud-Daula, Nawab Iftikhar Ali'Khan Bahadur, Saulat-Jung
- 1947 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab Ali'Khan Bahadur, Saulat-Jung
- 1972 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab Ali'Khan Bahadur, Saulat-Jung
- 1999 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab'Khan Bahadur, Saulat-Jung
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- A note of appreciation by Ihtisham ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Ismail' Khan Bahadur, Firoz-Jung to Shri Kanhaiyalal Joshi 'Jyotish'