Japan–Montenegro relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Japan – Montenegro relations
Map indicating locations of Japan and Montenegro

Japan

Montenegro

Japan–Montenegro relations refers to the bilateral relationship between Japan and Montenegro. Japan recognised Montenegro on 16 June 2006 and established diplomatic relations on 24 July 2006.[1]

Japan has a non-resident ambassador in Belgrade.[2] It is "the policy of the Government of Japan to attach importance to the peace and stability of Western Balkans countries including Montenegro".[3]

Background[edit]

Montenegro was an ally of Russia in the Russo-Japanese war. In 1904 Montenegro declared war on Japan in support of Russia, however did not dispatch any significant forces. Volunteers from Montenegro were sent to fight in the Russian Army in Manchuria.[4] In the peace treaty following the war, Montenegro was excluded from the treaty and a state of war continued to exist between the two countries.

In 2006, Japan recognized Montenegrin independence and declared that the war was over.[5] Thus ended the war that lasted 101 years, a war extended by diplomatic irregularity.

Development and trade[edit]

After European Union nations, Japan is Montenegro's 12th largest trading partner.[6]

Japanese community in Montenegro[edit]

According to the Japanese Foreign Ministry, there was a very small community of 11 Japanese nationals in Montenegro in 2009.[1] In 2016, Montenegro expelled 58 foreigners linked to the Japanese doomsday cult, Aum Shinrikyo, which was behind deadly nerve gas assault on the Tokyo subway in March 1995. A police statement said they had “received information from [Japanese] partner security services showing that a group of foreign nationals, who were numbers of a closed religious group, were staying in Montenegro.” [7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), Japan-Montenegro Relations; retrieved 2011-05-11
  2. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro, Diplomatic Missions to Montenegro; retrieved 2011-05-11
  3. ^ MOFA, "Recognition of Montenegro and Visit to Montenegro by Prof. Akiko Yamanaka, Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs," 16 June 2006; retrieved 2011-05-11
  4. ^ Montenegrina, digitalna biblioteka crnogorske kulture (Montegreina, digital library of Montenegrin culture), Istorija: Đuro Batrićević, citing Batrićević, Đuro. (1996). Crnogorci u rusko-japanskom ratu (Montegegrans in the Russo-Japanese War); retrieved 2011-05-12; compare Dr Anto Gvozdenović: general u tri vojske. Crnogorci u rusko-japanskom ratu (Dr. Anto Gvozdenovic: General in Three Armies; Montegegrans in the Russo-Japanese War)
  5. ^ "Montenegro, Japan to declare truce," United Press International (US). 16 June 2006; "Montenegro, Japan End 100 Years' War," History News Network (US). citing World Peace Herald, 16 June 2006; retrieved 2011-05-11
  6. ^ http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2008/august/tradoc_140030.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/european-country-expels-58-foreigners-linked-to-the-japanese-doomsday-cult-behind-deadly-nerve-gas-a6960521.html

References[edit]

  • Batrićević, Đuro. (1996). Crnogorci u rusko-japanskom ratu (Montenegrins in the Russo-Japanese War). Cetinje: Obod. OCLC 040389738
  • __________. (1994). Dr Anto Gvozdenović: general u tri vojske. Crnogorci u rusko-japanskom ratu (Dr. Anto Gvozdenovic: General in Three Armies; Montegegrans in the Russo-Japanese War) Cetinje: Obod. ISBN 9788630501692; OCLC 164797877

External links[edit]