Japan Freight Railway Company
|Predecessor||Japanese National Railways (JNR)|
|Founded||April 1, 1987 (privatization of JNR)|
|Headquarters||5-33-8, Sendagaya, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan|
other related services
|Owner||Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (100%)|
Number of employees
|6,661 (as of April 1, 2010)|
Japan Freight Railway Company (日本貨物鉄道株式会社? Nihon Kamotsu Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha), or JR Freight (JR貨物? Jeiāru Kamotsu), is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railways Group (JR Group). It provides transportation of cargo nationwide. Its headquarters are in Shibuya, Tokyo near Shinjuku Station.
The Japan Railways Group was founded on April 1, 1987, when Japanese National Railways (JNR) was privatized, and then divided into six regional companies and Japan Freight Railway Company. Although the passenger operation of JNR was split into six companies, fares and regulations are standard for all companies and every region of Japan except Okinawa is covered by the railway network spanning approximately 19,800 kilometres (12,300 mi).
Formerly part of JNR, the freight operation was not divided and became a single separate company when JNR was privatized and split. Although it has only about fifty kilometers of track of its own, it also operates on track owned by the JR passenger railways and other companies. The company uses the initials JRF as an abbreviated name for identification.
In 2017, only about 5% of freight is carried by rail in Japan (99% of which is carried by JR Freight). Trucks carry about 50% and ships about 44%. JR Freight has seen its share of the freight market gradually decrease since 1993. In the 2010s JR Freight has been carrying more freight because of the decrease in the number of available truck drivers due to age as well as government policy to reduce carbon dioxide. JR Freight has run a deficit for many years. 
While major part of the operation of JR Freight is on the tracks owned and maintained by other JR companies, JR Freight owns the railway lines (as Category-1 railway business) as follows:
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JR Freight owns a variety of rolling stock, including
- Diesel locomotives
- Hybrid diesel-battery locomotives
- DC electric locomotives
- AC electric locomotives
- AC/DC electric locomotives
- M250 series freight EMUs
- Covered and uncovered cars with capacities up to 36 tons
- Carriers for automobiles, trucks and containers
- Large cars with capacities up to 80 tons
- Coal and hopper cars
- Japan Freight Railway Company. "Corporate Overview". Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- "Japan firms shifting to trains to move freight amid dearth of new truckers". The Japan Times Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- WISETJINDAWAT, W.; et al. (2015). "Rare Mode Choice in Freight Transport: Modal Shift from Road to Rail". Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 11: 774–787. doi:10.11175/easts.11.774.
- "JR貨物 新幹線との供用走行専用の新型機関車を導入" [JR Freight to introduce new locomotives for inter-running with shinkansen]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Vol. 41 no. 337. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. May 2012. p. 70.
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|past: Japanese Government Railways | Japanese National Railways | JNR Settlement Corporation|
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|See also||Shinkansen - Railway Museum - Modern Transportation Museum - SCMaglev and Railway Park - SoftBank Telecom|