Japan Restoration Party
|Representatives leader||Yorihisa Matsuno|
|Founded||12 September 2012|
|Dissolved||22 September 2014|
|Merged into||Japan Innovation Party|
|Headquarters||Osaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan|
|Political position||Right-wing to Far-right|
The Japan Restoration Party (日本維新の会 Nippon Ishin no Kai?), also referred to in English as the Japan Restoration Association, was a Japanese political party. It was launched on 12 September 2012 and gained official recognition on 28 September 2012. The party grew from the regional Osaka Restoration Association, headed by Tōru Hashimoto, Mayor of Osaka, and Ichirō Matsui, Governor of Osaka Prefecture.
On 17 November 2012 Hashimoto and Shintaro Ishihara, leader of the Sunrise Party, announced a merger of their parties to create a "third force" to contest the general election of December 2012. The merged organization, which retained the name "Japan Restoration Party", was at that time Japan's only national political party based outside Tokyo. After the election it had 54 seats in the lower house and 9 members in the upper house.
On May 28, 2014, co-leaders Hashimoto and Ishihara agreed to split the party after many internal differences, including disagreement over a proposed merger with the Unity Party. As a result, Ishihara's group split off from the JRP and formed the Party for Future Generations. Later, Hashimoto and Kenji Eda of the Unity Party agreed to merge their parties. The JRP was subsequently dissolved and the result of the merger was the formation of the Japan Innovation Party.
Party launch and early days
National political parties in Japan require a minimum of five Diet members to be recognized, and in 2012 the party gained seven sitting Diet members through defections from other parties. On 28 September 2012 an application for party recognition was submitted to the Ministry of the Interior through the Osaka prefectural electoral board. This was accepted and the party was officially launched. The Osaka Restoration Association, also headed by Hashimoto and Matsui, was placed under the umbrella of the new national party.
The first meeting of the nine JRA lawmakers was held on 3 October 2012. Yorihisa Matsuno, a member of the House of Representatives who had formerly been in the Democratic Party of Japan, was selected as the leader of the nine lawmakers, and rules of conduct were also adopted.
The party's first general meeting was held on 6 October 2012, with Matsuno formally becoming a deputy party leader, along with Yutaka Imai, a member of the Osaka Prefectural Assembly. Hashimoto said that in cases where national NRA members and regional assembly members could not agree he would make a decision.
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The party maintained "Eight Policies for Restoration" (維新八策 Ishin hassaku?). These policies covered more than 200 items dealing with issues such as governance, economic policy, social welfare, education, diplomacy, and severing Japan's status as "America's mistress".
When the Japanese government proposed to revise the laws such that Japan's military would be able to mobilise overseas, the party was the only one to vote no, as all the other opposition parties had walked out.
Merger with the Sunrise Party
After much discussion, on 17 November 2012 Ishihara and Hashimoto decided to merge their parties, with Ishihara becoming the head of the Japan Restoration Party. Your Party would not join the party, nor would Tax Cuts Japan, as the latter party's opposition to any increase in the consumption tax did not match the JRP's policy in favour of an increase. Following Hashimoto's controversial remarks on the issue of "comfort woman during World War II, Yoshimi Watanabe announced that Your Party had decided to end their planned alliance for the upcoming Upper House elections.
Split with ex-Sunrise members
On May 28, 2014, co-leaders Hashimoto and Shintarō Ishihara agreed to split the party after many internal differences and a proposed merger with the Unity Party, especially their differences regarding the Constitution of Japan. The division is to be in accordance with the Political Parties Subsidies Act in order to split the subsidies each group receives. Ishihara's followers created a new party, the Party for Future Generations (次世代の党 Jisedai no tō?), led by Takeo Hiranuma. The party launched with 19 representatives and 3 councilors on 1 August 2014, the day after the formalities of the "dissolution" of the Japan Restoration Party. Hashimoto's followers relaunched a new Japan Restoration Party, which has a similar organization to the old one. Hashimoto's Japan Restoration Party planned to unite with the Unity Party within 1–2 months. Upon the division of the party, two representatives chose to join neither group, and became independents.
Merger with Unity Party
Presidents of JRP
|No.||Name||Term of office||Image|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|12 September 2012||17 November 2012|
|17 November 2012||19 January 2013|
|3||19 January 2013
(as joint president)
|31 July 2014|
|19 January 2013
(as joint president)
|31 July 2014|
|1 August 2014||22 September 2014|
General election results
|Election||Leader||# of candidates||# of seats won||# of Constituency votes||% of Constituency vote||# of PR Block votes||% of PR Block vote|
- Japan’s new drift: Neo-conservative or neo-imperialist?
- http://inside.org.au/japans-paradoxical-shift-to-the-right/"On 12 September, the equally outspoken mayor of Osaka, Toru Hashimoto, launched his Japan Restoration Party, whose platform combines vehement nationalism, neoliberal economics and a radical overhaul of the political system"
- Japan Elections 2012: LDP Wins Majority In Parliamentary Elections
- Japan's right-wing Liberals elected in landslide victory, CBC News, 17 December 2012
- "Shinzo Abe tightens his grip on power in Japan". The Australian. 22 July 2013.
- Japan Today/AP, "Ishihara, Hashimoto announce 'third force' in Japanese politics", "Japan Today", 18 November 2012
- Johnston, Eric, "Nippon Ishin no Kai: Local but with national outlook", Japan Times, 3 October 2012, p. 3
- Japan's ruling bloc wins upper house poll
- UPDATE: Ruling coalition wins Upper House in landslide; breaks Diet gridlock
- Abe cements power with LDP’s sweeping victory in Upper House race
- Wolfgang, Ben (11 September 2014). "Japanese political upstarts fear Chinese aggression is filling U.S. leadership void". Washington Times. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- The Daily Yomiuri Nippon Ishin no Kai officially launched September 30, 2012 Retrieved on October 2, 2012
- Daily Yomiuri Nippon Ishin no Kai holds 1st meeting October 4, 2012 Retrieved on October 4, 2012
- Daily Yomiuri Nippon Ishin no Kai holds 1st general meeting October 8, 2012
- Japan Times EDITORIAL Mayor Hashimoto goes national September 15, 2012 Retrieved on October 2, 2012
- Inada, Miho; Dvorak, Phred. "Same-Sex Marriage in Japan: A Long Way Away?". The Wall Street Journal. September 20, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- "Japan Restoration Party platform". The Japan Times. April 4, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- Daily Yomiuri New parties merge forces / Taiyo no To dissolves to join Ishin no Kai; Ishihara named chief November 18, 2012
- Your Party to end alliance with Japan Restoration Party over Hashimoto's comments