Japan Spaceguard Association
|Specified Nonprofit Corporation|
|Founded||October 20, 1996|
The Japan Spaceguard Association (日本スペースガード協会 nihon supēsugādo kyōkai, abbreviated JSGA) is a not-for-profit organization based in Tokyo, Japan. Its formal status under the Japanese law is Specified Nonprofit Corporation (特定非営利活動法人).
The aims of the Japan Spaceguard Association (JSGA) echoes that of The Spaceguard Foundation and other spaceguard movements: to protect the Earth's environment from a disastrous near-Earth object (NEO) collision by studying and observing the NEOs.
JSGA operates the Bisei Spaceguard Center, owned by the Japan Space Forum, to achieve their goal. It is located near Bisei town in the western Japan. In addition to the search for NEOs, this facility will be used to track debris in Earth's orbit. The Minor Planet Center credits JSGA with the discovery of the main-belt asteroid (21309) 1996 XH5, made at Kiso Observatory on 6 December 1996.
International asteroid monitoring project
JSGA as being a Specified Nonprofit Corporation, it is keen to have astronomical education for young people and in 2001 held Spaceguard Private Investigators of the Stars: the fugitives are asteroids! rally as part of its asteroid monitoring project. Yoshiaki Oshima was seated at the operating committee and the jury, and JSGA submitted a paper on that project in a proceedings.[notes 1] British Council advised JSGA for its contest and supported them to present their project to observatories and laboratories.
To run the contest and along with the Bisei Spaceguard Center, an optical telescope on the Canary island operated by Liverpool John Moores University in Liverpool transmitted images to each participant via internet connection. In total, 438 school classes and other teams signed up with 1,317 people, and 133 group and individual contestants reported the results of their observation. The Yomiuri Shinbun newspaper sponsored the project and run articles reporting the progress of the contest.
The Liverpool John Moores University and their Astrophysics Research Institute operates the National Schools' Observatory program with a robotic telescope on the Canary Islands, and schools in the United Kingdom register to monitor asteroids from remoted locations. They cosponsored the International Schools' Observatory (ISO) program British Council had organized,[notes 2] when 12 teams of junior high to senior high school classes took part from Asian and European countries.
The contestants for Spaceguard Private Investigators of the Stars sent their reports due March 4, 2001, and JSGA examined 133 reports over the period of two weeks. On 14 March the jury meeting was held, and winners were announced on Yomiuri Shinbun on 20 March 2001. Award overview as well as assessment comments were published along with presentation report and interviews to awardees. JSGA presented the prospectus for future astronomic education and asteroid hunting projects.
- The Spaceguard Private Investigators of the Stars as an asteroid monitoring program for the youth was made possible by the special cooperation by the Japan Space Forum, as well as sponsorship from Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, National Space Development Agency of Japan along with Liverpool John Moores University and Armagh Observatory in the UK.
- The Liverpool John Moores University regularly holds Asteroid Watch program for schools in the UK with "National Schools' Observatory" projects.
- 発足からNPO法人になるまでについて, JSGA. (in Japanese)
- Article 3 of the by-laws of JSGA
- "21309 (1996 XH5)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "JSGA's project named Private Investigaters of Stars—the fugitives are the asteroids!". Japan Spaceguard Association. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
- Oshima contributed to the paper.Clarke, Chandra K. "Space Exploration Advocacy in the 21st Century: The Case for Participatory Science" (PDF). citizensciencecenter.com: 27. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
- "国際小惑星監視プロジェクト 入賞者決まる" [Recipient of International Asteroid Monitoring Project is announced] (in Japanese). Yomiuri shinbun. 2001-03-27. Archived from the original on 2007-02-09. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
- "Teacher Zone, National Schools' Observatory". Retrieved 2016-10-15.
- "National Schools' Observatory". Retrieved 2016-12-06.