Twenty-Third Army (Japan)
|Japanese Twenty-Third Army|
|Active||June 26, 1941 - August 15, 1945|
|Country||Empire of Japan|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Engagements||Second Sino-Japanese War|
The Japanese 23rd Army was formed on June 26, 1941 under the Imperial General Headquarters. It was transferred to the control of the China Expeditionary Army on August 12 of the same year. It was based in Guangdong province and on Hainan Island to replace the Southern China Area Army which was disbanded June 26, 1941.
The Japanese 23rd Army was primarily a garrison force to deter the possible landings of Allied forces in southern China. It was involved in the Battle of Guilin-Liuzhou (part of Operation Ichi-Go) from August–November 1944. The Japanese 23rd Army surrendered to the Chinese Kuomingtang forces on August 15, 1945 with the surrender of Japan and was disbanded in Guangzhou.
List of Commanders
|1||General Hitoshi Imamura||28 June 1941||6 November 1941|
|2||Lt. General Takashi Sakai||6 November 1941||1 March 1943|
|3||Lt. General Hisaichi Tanaka||1 March 1943||9 September 1945|
Chief of staff
|1||Lt. General Seizo Arisue||28 June 1941||15 September 1941|
|2||Lt. General Tadamichi Kuribayashi||15 September 1941||10 June 1943|
|3||Major General Yosuke Adachi||10 June 1943||16 December 1944|
|4||Major General Katsunobu Uzawa||16 December 1944||15 April 1945|
|5||Major General Naosuke Tomida||15 April 1945||1 September 1945|
- Dorn, Frank (1974). The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-41: From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor. MacMillan. ISBN 0-02-532200-1.
- Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Japanese Twenty Third Army.