1989 Japanese House of Councillors election

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1989 Japanese House of Councillors election

← 1986 23 July 1989 1992 →

126 (of the 252) seats in the House of Councillors
127 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Sosuke Uno 1977.png Takako Doi in Tokyo congressist election 2.jpg Blanksvg.svg
Leader Sōsuke Uno Takako Doi Koshiro Ishida
Party Liberal Democratic Socialist Komeito
Last election 143 seats, 38.6% 42 seats, 17.2% 24 seats, 13.0%
Seats after 109 66 22
Seat change Decrease34 Increase24 Decrease2
Popular vote 15,343,455 19,688,252 6,097,971
Percentage 27.3% 35.1% 10.9%
Swing Decrease11.3% Increase17.9% Decrease2.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Kenji Miyamoto.jpg Blanksvg.svg Blanksvg.svg
Leader Kenji Miyamoto Eiichi Nagasue
Party Communist Democratic Reform Democratic Socialist
Last election 16 seats, 9.5% New 12 seats, 6.9%
Seats after 14 11 8
Seat change Decrease2 Increase11 Decrease4
Popular vote 3,954,408 2,726,419
Percentage 7.0% 4.9%
Swing Decrease2.5% Decrease2.0%

President of the House
of Councillors
before election

Yoshihiro Tsuchiya
Liberal Democratic

Elected President of the House
of Councillors

Yoshihiro Tsuchiya
Liberal Democratic

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Elections for the Japanese House of Councillors were held in Japan on 23 July 1989.

The election result was a setback for ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) because of the Recruit scandal, the introduction of a 3% consumption tax, and the involvement of Prime Minister Uno Sōsuke in a sex scandal.

This is the first time that the LDP lost the majority in the House of Councillors. Since 1989, due to the House of Councillors without a simple majority, LDP needs to cooperate and form coalitions with other parties.

The Japan Socialist Party-led opposition won a majority of seats.

Election results[edit]

Party PR seats District seats Total Elected 1989 Total
Liberal Democratic Party 15 21 36 109
Japan Socialist Party 20 26 46 66
Rengō no kai 0 11 11 12
Komeito 6 4 10 20
Communist Party 4 1 5 14
Democratic Socialist Party 2 1 3 8
Others 3 2 5 23
Independents 0 10 10
Total 50 76 126 252

References[edit]