Japanese Pidgin English

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Japanese Pidgin English is any of several English-based pidgins spoken or influenced by the Japanese.

See also[edit]


  • Smith, Norval (1994). "An annotated list of creoles, pidgins, and mixed languages". In Jacques Arends, Pieter Muysken, Norval Smith (eds.). Pidgins and Creoles: An Introduction. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins. pp. 331–374. 
  • Norman, Arthur M. Z. (1955). "Bamboo English: The Japanese Influence Upon American Speech". American Speech. 30 (1): pp. 44–48. doi:10.2307/454192. JSTOR 454192.