Pinus parviflora

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Pinus parviflora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Strobus
Species: P. parviflora
Binomial name
Pinus parviflora
Siebold & Zucc.

Pinus parviflora, or Japanese white pine, is a pine in the white pine group, Pinus subgenus Strobus, native to Japan. It is also known as the five-needle pine[1] or Japanese five-needle pine (Pinus pentaphylla).

It is a coniferous evergreen tree, growing to 15–25 m in height and is usually as broad as it is tall, forming a wide, dense, conical crown. The leaves are needle-like, in bundles of five, with a length of 5–6 cm. The cones are 4–7 cm long, with broad, rounded scales; the seeds are 8–11 mm long, with a vestigial 2–10 mm wing.

This is a popular tree for bonsai, and is also grown as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. The [cultivar] 'Adcock's dwarf' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2]



  1. ^ "Pinus parviflora". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 5 Octoboer 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Pinus parviflora 'Adcock's Dwarf'". Retrieved 27 May 2013.