Japanese clans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ancient clan names[edit]

There are ancient-era clan names called Uji-na (氏名) or Honsei (本姓).

Imperial Clan[edit]

Four noble clans[edit]

Gempeitōkitsu (源平藤橘), 4 noble clans of Japan:

Mon of Taira clan

Noble clans[edit]

Native clans[edit]

Newly created noble clan[edit]

Mon of the Toyotomi clan. It is also used by the Japanese government.

Immigrant clans (Toraijin, 渡来人)[edit]

According to the book Shinsen Shōjiroku compiled in 815, a total 326 out of 1,182 clans in the Kinai area on Honshū were regarded as people with foreign genealogy. The book specifically mentions 163 were from China, 104 such families from Baekje, 41 from Goguryeo, 9 from Silla, and 9 from Gaya.[1]






Family names[edit]

From the late ancient era onward, the family name (Myōji/苗字 or 名字) had been commonly used by samurai to denote their family line instead of the name of the ancient clan that the family line belongs to (uji-na/氏名 or honsei/本姓), which was used only in the official records in the Imperial court. Kuge families also had used their family name (Kamei/家名) for the same purpose. Each of samurai families is called "[family name] clan (氏)" as follows and they must not be confused with ancient clan names:

Other clans and families[edit]

Logo of Mitsubishi


Sacerdotal clans:


Ryukyuan people are not Yamato people, but the Ryukyu Islands have been part of Japan since 1879.

Mon of the Ryukyu Kingdom

Ryukyuan dynasties:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Saeki, Arikiyo (1981). Shinsen Shōjiroku no Kenkyū (Honbun hen) (in Japanese). Yoshikawa Kōbunkan. ISBN 4-642-02109-4.
  2. ^ Nelson, John K. (2000). Enduring Identities: The Guise of Shinto in Contemporary Japan, pp. 67–69.
  3. ^ Cranston, Edwin A. (1998). A Waka Anthology, p. 513.
  4. ^ Grapard, Allan G. (1992). The protocol of the gods, p. 42.