Japanese clans

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Ancient clan names[edit]

There are ancient-era clan names called Uji-na (氏名) or Honsei (本姓).

Imperial Clan[edit]

  • The Imperial clan - descended from Amaterasu . Its emperors and other clan members have no clan name but had been called "the royal clan" (王氏) if necessary.

Four noble clans[edit]

Gempeitōkitsu (源平藤橘), 4 noble clans of Japan:

Mon of Taira clan

Noble clans[edit]

Native clans[edit]

Newly created noble clan[edit]

Immigrant clans (Toraijin, 渡来人)[edit]

According to the book Shinsen Shōjiroku compiled in 815, a total 154 out of 1,182 clans in the Kinai area on Honshū were regarded as people with foreign genealogy. The book specifically mentions 163 were from China, 104 such families from Baekje, 41 from Goguryeo, 6 from Silla, and 3 from Gaya.[1]

Baekje[edit]

Goguryeo[edit]

Silla[edit]

Gaya[edit]

China[edit]

Family names[edit]

From the late ancient era onward, the family name (Myōji/苗字 or 名字) had been commonly used by samurai to denote their family line instead of the name of the ancient clan that the family line belongs to (uji-na/氏名 or honsei/本姓), which was used only in the official records in the Imperial court. Kuge families also had used their family name (Kamei/家名) for the same purpose. Each of samurai families is called "[family name] clan (氏)" as follows and they must not be confused with ancient clan names:

Other clans and families[edit]

Logo of Mitsubishi

Zaibatsu:

Sacerdotal clans:

Ryukyu[edit]

Ryukyuan people are not Yamato people, but the Ryukyu Islands have been part of Japan since 1879.

Mon of the Ryukyu Kingdom

Ryukyuan dynasties:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference Saeki was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Nelson, John K. (2000). Enduring Identities: The Guise of Shinto in Contemporary Japan, pp. 67-69.
  3. ^ Cranston, Edwin A. (1998). A Waka Anthology, p. 513.
  4. ^ Grapard, Allan G. (1992). The protocol of the gods, p. 42.

References[edit]