Japanese community of Melbourne
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|Ethnicity in Melbourne|
As of 2007 many high income Japanese live in Melbourne-area middle class suburbs, such as Brighton and Camberwell. Camberwell North had 110 persons born in Japan in 1996 and 116 Japan-born persons in 2001. Camberwell South had 116 Japan-born persons in 1996 and 96 Japan-born persons in 2001. Several Japanese families settled in the area around Caulfield due to the location of The Japanese School of Melbourne (JSM), which had been established in 1986. There were nine temporarily-located Japanese families in Caulfield South in 1987, and the Japanese population increased after that point due to the school. As of 2007 the Prahran area had many young Japanese persons, and the Toorak area had many single Japanese corporate employees.
The Japanese Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Melbourne Inc. (JCCiM; メルボルン日本商工会議所 Meruborun Nihon Shōkōkai Gisho), the Japanese Society of Melbourne (JSM; メルボルン日本人会 Meruborun Nihonjinkai), and the Japanese school are the major institutions of Melbourne's Japanese community. In September 1963 the JCCiM was established. In July 1965 the Japanese Society of Melbourne was established. The Japan Club of Victoria (JCV; ヴィクトリア日本クラブ Vikutoria Nihon Kurabu) is the city's largest organization of Japanese migrants. The Japanese government operates the Consulate-General of Japan in Melbourne (在メルボルン日本国総領事館 Zai Meruborun Nippon-koku Sōryōjikan).
The Japanese School of Melbourne (JSM), a nihonjin gakkō (full-time Japanese school), serves the Japanese temporary expatriate community in Melbourne. In September 1972 a full Saturday only Japanese program opened in the city. At one time Japanese officials asked for permission for the establishment of a Japanese school when the Premier of Victoria had approached them to discuss the possibility of further Japanese investment in Victoria, and the JSM full-time school opened on 13 May 1986. There are temporary Japanese expatriates in Melbourne who prefer to send their children to Australian day schools even though Melbourne has a Japanese day school.
The Melbourne International School of Japanese, a supplementary Japanese school, is held at Oakleigh South Primary School in Oakleigh South. It serves levels kindergarten through senior high school. The JSM was formed out of the previous supplementary school, so a new supplementary program opened to replace it. The MISJ first opened in 1986.
In 1996 400 children of ages 6-15, the ages for elementary and junior high school, lived in Melbourne. About 75% went to Australian schools and the remainder went to the JSM. At the time some Japan-born children attended Australian schools and were moved to a nihonjin gakkō for their final year in Australia, since they were due to return to Japan.
Tetsuo Mizukami (水上 徹男 Mizukami Tetsuo), the author of The Sojourner Community: Japanese Migration and Residency in Australia, wrote that the chamber of commerce, the JSM, and the Japanese society are "always involved" in major events, such as festivals and athletic competitions, related to the Japanese community, and that the said community "becomes quite visible in Melbourne" when these events take place.
The Japan Festival is held in the City of Whitehorse. Mizukami stated on 26 October 1997 there were over 300 Japanese persons who participated at the Japanese athletic competition in Fawkner Park, making the competition one of the Japanese community's largest activities.
- Mizukami, Tetsuo. New Urban Ethnicity: Japanese Sojourner Residency in Melbourne (PhD thesis) (Archive). Monash University, February 1999.
- Mizukami, Tetsuo. The Sojourner Community: Japanese Migration and Residency in Australia (Volume 10 of Social sciences in Asia, v. 10). BRILL, 2007. ISBN 9004154795, 9789004154797.
- Mizukami, New Urban Ethnicity Archived 2015-03-02 at WebCite, p. 17 (PDF 41/314). "In particular, the Japanese residency in Melbourne is dispersed throughout the greater Melbourne area, though there are only a few areas, among a large number of possibilities, in which Japanese people will settle."
- Mizukami, New Urban Ethnicity Archived 2015-03-02 at WebCite, p. 15-16 (PDF 39-40/314). "The sojourning Japanese families tend to live in Australian middle-class suburbs, instead of congregating in an inner city ethnic enclave."
- Mizukami, The Sojourner Community, p. 119.
- Mizukami, The Sojourner Community, p. 146. "In Melbourne, it is apparent that the establishment of the full-time school in Caulfield is a major 'pull-factor' for Japanese families with school-age child(ren), and some indeed chose to live in this vicinity."
- Mizukami, The Sojourner Community, p. 179.
- "English." Japanese Chamber of Commerce and Industry Melbourne. Retrieved on March 2, 2015.
- "English." Japanese Society of Melbourne. Retrieved on March 2, 2015.
- "Home." Consulate-General of Japan in Melbourne. Retrieved on March 2, 2015. "Level 25, 570 Bourke Street, Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia"
- Mizukami, The Sojourner Community, p. 145.
- "Annual Reports 2012 [sic]." (Archive) The Japanese School of Melbourne. p. 2/16. Retrieved on 4 January 2014.
- Mizukami, The Sojourner Community, p. 14.
- "Introduction Archived 2009-09-27 at the Wayback Machine.." Melbourne International School of Japanese. Retrieved on March 2, 2015. "校舎所在地 Oakleigh South Primary School Riley Street, Oakleigh South VIC3167"
- Mizukami, The Sojourner Community, p. 153.
- Mizukami, The Sojourner Community, p. 148.
- "水上 徹男." Rikkyo University. Retrieved on March 5, 2015.
- "History of immigration from Japan" (Archive). Museum Victoria. Retrieved on March 2, 2015.
- Japanese Chamber of Commerce & Industry Melbourne/Japanese Society of Melbourne
- Australia-Japan Society of Victoria (AJSV; ビクトリア州豪日協会)
- Japan Club of Victoria (in Japanese)
- "Japanese Cultural Profile" (Archive). Migrant Information Centre Eastern Melbourne (MIC).
- Melbourne Japanese Summer Festival (メルボルン夏祭り)