Japanese cruiser Tone (1907)
Tone in 1910
|Empire of Japan|
|Ordered:||1904 Fiscal Year|
|Builder:||Sasebo Naval Arsenal, Japan|
|Laid down:||17 November 1905|
|Launched:||24 October 1907|
|Completed:||5 May 1910|
|Struck:||1 April 1931|
|Fate:||Expended as target, 30 April 1933|
|Length:||113.8 m (373 ft 4 in) w/l|
|Beam:||14.4 m (47 ft 3 in)|
|Draught:||5.1 m (16 ft 9 in)|
|Speed:||23 knots (26 mph; 43 km/h)|
|Range:||7,340 nmi (13,590 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)|
Tone was designed and built in Japan by the Sasebo Naval Arsenal, under the 1904 Emergency Fleet Replenishment Program to recover from losses to the Japanese navy in the Russo-Japanese War. As funding was limited, the Diet of Japan rejected budgeting for a sister ship or for subsequent construction of the same design.
Her powerplant consisted of two Mitsubishi vertical 4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines with 16 Miyabara boilers, driving two screws. The boilers could run on a mixed-mode of coal sprayed with oil, and could drive the ship at a maximum speed of 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph), with an endurance of 7,400 nautical miles (13,700 km; 8,500 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). Tone was the last ship in the Imperial Japanese Navy to be powered by a reciprocating engine.
Her main armament consisted of two Type 41 6-inch/45 caliber naval guns behind gun shields, and secondary armament was twelve QF 4.7-inch guns and four QF 12 pounder 12 cwt naval guns. Tone also had three deck-mounted 457 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes. However, the foremost of the 4.7-inch secondary guns were located in a cramped location with a very limited field of fire, and were soon removed and not replaced. After World War I, two 76 mm (3 in) anti-aircraft guns were added just aft of the first smokestack.
Soon after completion, from 1 April 1911 to 12 November 1911, Tone was sent as part of the official Japanese naval delegation to Great Britain, as part of the coronation celebration for King George V together with the cruiser Tsushima.
In World War I, Tone was assigned to the Japanese 2nd Fleet, and fought in the Battle of Tsingtao against the Imperial German Navy. Afterwards, she was reassigned to the Japanese Third Fleet, and was based out of Singapore, from whence she patrolled the sea lanes in the Indian Ocean and also occasionally in the Dutch East Indies against German commerce raiders and U-boats, as part of Japan's contribution to the Allied war effort under the Anglo-Japanese Alliance .
- Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy; page 103
- Chesneau, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905, page 236
- Nishida, Ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy
- Spencer Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts. World War I: encyclopedia (when ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 1661. ISBN 1-85109-420-2.
- Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
- Chesneau, Roger (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- David C. Evans; Mark R. Peattie (1997). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-192-8.
- Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8.
- Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X.
- Roberts, John (ed). (1983). 'Warships of the world from 1860 to 1905 - Volume 2: United States, Japan and Russia. Bernard & Graefe Verlag, Koblenz. ISBN 3-7637-5403-2.
- Schencking, J. Charles (2005). Making Waves: Politics, Propaganda, And The Emergence Of The Imperial Japanese Navy, 1868-1922. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4977-9.
- Tucker, Spencer C (2005). Encyclopedia Of World War I: A Political, Social, And Military History. ABC-Clio Inc. ISBN 1-85109-420-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Japanese cruiser Tone (1907).|
- DiGiulian, Tony. "Japanese 15.2 cm/45 (6") Type 41". NavWeaps.com.
- Nishida, Hiroshi. "Materials of IJN". Imperial Japanese Navy.