Japanese destroyer Arare (1937)

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Asashio-class.jpg
ONI file for Asashio-class destroyers
History
Empire of Japan
Name: Arare
Ordered: 1934 Maru-2 Program
Builder: Maizuru Naval Arsenal
Laid down: 5 March 1937
Launched: 16 November 1937
Commissioned: 15 April 1939
Struck: 31 July 1942
Fate: Sunk in combat, 4 July 1942
General characteristics
Class and type: Asashio-class destroyer
Displacement: 2,370 long tons (2,408 t)
Length:
  • 111 m (364 ft) pp
  • 115 m (377 ft 4 in)waterline
  • 118.3 m (388 ft 1 in) OA
Beam: 10.3 m (33 ft 10 in)
Draft: 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)
Propulsion: 2-shaft geared turbine, 3 boilers, 51,000 shp (38,031 kW)
Speed: 34.85 knots (40.10 mph; 64.54 km/h)
Range:
  • 5,700 nmi (10,600 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h)
  • 960 nmi (1,780 km) at 34 kn (63 km/h)
Complement: 230
Armament:

Arare (?, "Hailstone") [1] was the tenth and last of the Asashio-class destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy in the mid-1930s under the Circle Two Supplementary Naval Expansion Program (Maru Ni Keikaku).

History[edit]

The Asashio-class destroyers were larger and more capable than the preceding Shiratsuyu-class, as Japanese naval architects were no longer constrained by the provisions of the London Naval Treaty. These light cruiser-sized vessels were designed to take advantage of Japan’s lead in torpedo technology, and to accompany the Japanese main striking force and in both day and night attacks against the United States Navy as it advanced across the Pacific Ocean, according to Japanese naval strategic projections.[2] Despite being one of the most powerful classes of destroyers in the world at the time of their completion, none survived the Pacific War.[3]

Arare, built at the Maizuru Naval Arsenal, was laid down on 5 March 1937, launched on 16 November 1937 and commissioned on 15 April 1939.[4] On completion, she was assigned to the IJN 2nd Fleet as part of Desdiv 18, Desron 2 under command of Commander Tomoe Ogata.

Operational history[edit]

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Arare was based at Etorofu in the Kurile Islands, and sailed as part of the escort for Admiral Nagumo’s Carrier Strike Force, guarding the fleet tankers accompanying the strike force. She returned to Kure on 24 December.[5]

In January 1942, Arare escorted aircraft carriers Akagi and Kaga to Truk, and onwards to Rabaul to cover landings of Japanese forces at Rabaul and Kavieng. She returned with Zuikaku from Palau to Yokosuka on 13 February, and spent the following month in training patrols. On 17 March, she departed Yokosuka with Shōkaku and Zuikaku to Staring-baai in Sulawesi, Netherlands East Indies.

Arare departed Staring-baai on 27 March to escort the carrier force in the Indian Ocean raid on 27 March After the Japanese air strikes on Colombo and Trincomalee in Ceylon, she returned to Kure for repairs on 23 April. Arare deployed from Saipan on 3 June as part of the escort for the troop convoy in the Battle of Midway. Afterwards, she escorted the cruisers Kumano and Suzuya from Truk back to Kure.

On 28 June, she was assigned to escort Chiyoda to Kiska in the Aleutian Islands on a supply mission. While approximately 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) east of Kiska at 52°0′N 177°40′E / 52.000°N 177.667°E / 52.000; 177.667Coordinates: 52°0′N 177°40′E / 52.000°N 177.667°E / 52.000; 177.667 on 5 July, during the Action of 5 July 1942 she was hit amidships by a torpedo fired by the submarine USS Growler, exploded and sank, with loss of 104 lives. Commander Ogata was among the 42 survivors rescued by the destroyer Shiranuhi.[6] She was removed from the navy list on 31 July 1942.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nelson. Japanese-English Character Dictionary. page 946
  2. ^ Peattie & Evans, Kaigun .
  3. ^ Globalsecurity.org, IJN Asashio class destroyers
  4. ^ Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Asashio class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. 
  5. ^ Allyn D. Nevitt (1998). "IJN Arare: Tabular Record of Movement". combinedfleet.com. 
  6. ^ Brown, David (1990). Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X. 

References[edit]

  • D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X. 
  • Brown, David (1990). Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Nelson, Andrew N. (1967). Japanese–English Character Dictionary. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0408-7. 
  • Watts, Anthony J (1967). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday. ASIN B000KEV3J8. 
  • Whitley, M J (2000). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 

External links[edit]