Japanese destroyer Tachibana (1944)

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History
Empire of Japan
Name: Tachibana
Launched: 14 October 1944
Completed: 20 January 1945
Struck: 15 September 1945
Fate: Sunk by US aircraft, 14 July 1945
General characteristics
Class and type: Tachibana-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,289 metric tons (1,269 long tons)
Length: 100.0 m (328 ft 1 in) overall
Beam: 9.35 m (30 ft 8 in)
Draft: 3.41 m (11 ft 2 in)
Installed power: 19,000 shp (14,000 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
Range: 4,680 nmi (8,670 km; 5,390 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × Type 3 active sonar,
  • 1 × Type 4 hydrophone
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • 1 × 22- surface search radar (wavelength 10 cm),
  • 1 × 13- early warning radar (wavelength 2 m)
Armament:

Tachibana () was the lead ship of her sub-class (also known as the "modified Type-D" class in some sources)[1] of Matsu-class escort destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.

Design and description[edit]

The Tachibana sub-class was a simplified version of the preceding Matsu class to make them even more suited for mass production. The ships measured 100 meters (328 ft 1 in) overall, with a beam of 9.35 meters (30 ft 8 in) and a draft of 3.37 meters (11 ft 1 in).[2] They displaced 1,309 metric tons (1,288 long tons) at standard load and 1,554 metric tons (1,529 long tons) at deep load.[3]

The ships had two Kampon geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by two Kampon water-tube boilers. The turbines were rated at a total of 19,000 shaft horsepower (14,000 kW) for a designed speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph). They had a range of 4,680 nautical miles (8,670 km; 5,390 mi) at a speed of 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph).[4]

The main armament of the Tachibana sub-class consisted of three Type 89 127-millimeter (5.0 in) dual purpose guns in one twin-gun mount aft and one single mount forward of the superstructure. They carried a total of twenty-four Type 96 25-millimeter (1.0 in) anti-aircraft guns in four triple and a dozen single mounts. The ships were also armed with four 610-millimeter (24.0 in) torpedo tubes in a single quadruple traversing mount[5] and 60 depth charges.[2]

Construction and career[edit]

Tachibana was launched by Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on 14 October 1944 and completed on 20 January 1945. Ship's captain: Lieutenant Commander Toshifusa Hayashi. The newly commissioned Tachibana was assigned to the Combined Fleet, then the Second Fleet, then back to the Combined Fleet over the space of a few months. It was at one time scheduled to join the battleship Yamato as escort for its sortie to Okinawa.

In May 1945 Tachibana left Kure and was assigned to Ominato at the northern end of Honshu for Northern Area escort/patrol duties, including the mission of escorting transport ships to Hokkaido.[4] Tachibana was spotted at sea off Hokuto, Hokkaido (41.48 N, 141.41 E) and sunk on 14 July 1945 by US aircraft from Task Force 38 during their raids on Hakodate Bay. A former lighthouse named Kattoshimasaki is given as the closest reference on land. 135 of the crew died, but Lieutenant Commander Hayashi was one of the survivors.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0433.htm
  2. ^ a b Chesneau, p. 196
  3. ^ Whitley, p. 204
  4. ^ a b Jentschura, Jung & Mickel, p. 153
  5. ^ Whitley, pp. 206–07
  6. ^ [1] Hakodate is a record of the US military, but correct sinking location kamiiso cho

References[edit]

  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
  • Jentschura, Hansgeorg; Jung, Dieter & Mickel, Peter (1977). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. ISBN 0-87021-893-X.
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.