Japanese general election, 1932

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Japanese general election, 1932
1930 ←
20 February, 1932 → 1936

All 466 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan
234 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Inukai Tsuyoshi.jpg Wakatsuki Reijiro.jpg
Leader Tsuyoshi Inukai Reijiro Wakatsuki
Party Seiyukai Constitutional Democratic
Leader's seat Okayama-2nd Peers
Last election 174 seats 273 seats
Seats won 301 146
Seat change +127 -127
Popular vote 5,683,137 3,442,326
Percentage 58.20% 35.25%

Prime Minister before election

Tsuyoshi Inukai

Prime Minister-designate

Tsuyoshi Inukai

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
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The 18th General Election of Japan of the House of Representatives took place in Japan on February 20, 1932. It was the last election before the May 15 Incident, which marked the temporary end of party-politics in Japan.


In 1931, the ruling Minsei Party opposed the Mukden Incident which was engineered by the military. The anti-war Foreign Minister Kijuro Shidehara and Prime Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō was criticized for their intervention in military and was accused of "serious corruption". After the resignation of the Reijirō Cabinet, some right-wing members of the ruling party formed a coalition with the opposition Seiyukai Party and elected Inukai Tsuyoshi as prime minister.

Before the election, some businessmen and candidates were assassinated by the right-wing.

This election was the first general election televised live in Japan[citation needed].


Despite assassinations against anti-war politicians, the Minsei Party was unpopular because of its mishandling of the economic crisis. The ruling right-wing Seiyukai Party, which was led by Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi won a landslide victory. The turnout of the election was 81.68%.

e • d Summary of the 20 February 1932 Japanese House of Representatives election results
Parties Votes  % +/- Total seats +/-
Rikken Seiyukai 5,683,137 58.20 +20.51 301 +127
Constitutional Democratic Party 3,442,326 35.25 -17.23 146 -127
Social Democratic Party 125,758 1.29 -0.38 3 +1
National Labour-Farmer Masses Party 127,459 1.31 2
Reform Party 36,839 0.38 -0.15 2 -1
Other Parties 1,445 0.01 0
Non-partisan 347,668 3.56 +0.45 12 +7
Valid votes 9,764,632 100.0% 466
Invalid votes 49,036
Total (turnout 81.67%) 9,813,668

Voice Japan