Japanese imperial family tree

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The following is a family tree of the Emperors of Japan, from the legendary Emperor Jimmu to the present day.

Modern scholars have come to question the existence of at least the first nine Emperors; Kōgen's descendant, Emperor Sujin (98 BC–30 BC?), is the first for which many agree that he might have actually existed.[1] These monarchs are regarded by historians as "legendary emperors", since there are insufficient material available for further verification and study.[2]

The reign of Emperor Kimmei (509?–571 AD), the 29th Emperor,[3] is the first for which the contemporary historiography is able to assign verifiable dates.[4] However, the conventionally accepted names and dates of the early Emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu (737–806), the 50th sovereign of the Yamato dynasty.[5]

SHINTO
DEITIES

(legendary
genealogy)
[6]
Izanagi[7] Izanami[8]
Takagi
no kami[9]
Amaterasu[10] Ōyamatsumi[11] Watatsumi[12] Susanoo[13]
Yorozuhata
-hime[14]
Ame no
Oshihomimi[15]
Ninigi[16] Konohana
Sakuyahime
[17]
Hohodemi
(Hoori)
[18]
Toyotama
-hime
[19]
Mizokui[20]
son or
6th-generation
descendant
Ugayafu
-kiaezu
[21]
Tamayori
-hime[22]
Ōkuninushi[23]
(Ōnamuchi)[24]
Seyadatara
-hime
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
JAPANESE
EMPERORS
Kamu-yamato
iware-biko

711–585 BC
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Jimmu
660–585 BC(1)
Isukeyori
-hime[25]
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Suizei
581–549 BC(2)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Annei
549–511 BC(3)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Itoku
510–476 BC(4)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōshō
475–393 BC(5)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōan
392–291 BC(6)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōrei
290–215 BC(7)
Igashikome Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōgen
214–158 BC(8)
Hikofutsuoshi
no Makoto
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kaika
157–98 BC(9)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sujin
97–30 BC(10)
Hikoimasu
son or grandson
Takenouchi
no Sukune
Yasaka Iribiko Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Suinin
29BC–70AD(11)
Yamashiro
no Ōtsutsuki
Mawaka
Yasaka Iribime Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Keikō
71–130(12)
Kanime
Ikazuchi
Soga no
Ishikawa
Sukune
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Seimu
131–191(13)
Ioki Iribiko Yamato Takeru Futaji Irihime Okinaga
no Sukune
Soga
no Machi
Homuda
Mawaka
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Chūai
192–200(14)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Jingū
200–270
Nakatsu Hime 200–310
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ōjin
270–310(15)
Soga
no Karako
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Nintoku
313–399(16)
Wakanuke
no Kimi
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Richū
400–405(17)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Hanzei
406–410(18)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ingyō
411–453(19)
Oshisaka
no Hime
Ohohoto
no Kimi
Soga
no Koma
Ichinobe
no Oshiwa
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ankō
453–456(20)
418–479
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Yūryaku
456–479(21)
Ohi
no Kimi
449–487
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kenzō
484–487(23)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ninken
488–498(24)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Seinei
480–484(22)
Ushi
no Kimi
489–507
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Buretsu
498–507(25)
Tashiraka Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Keitai
507–531(26)
Soga
no Iname

506?-570
Tachibana 467–539
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Senka
536–539(28)
465–536
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ankan
531–536(27)
Soga
no Umako

551? -626
Iwa-hime 509–571
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kimmei
539–571(29)
Soga no
Kitashihime
Soga no
Oanenokimi
Hiro Hime
?-575
Unako
no Otoshi
538–585
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Bidatsu
572–585(30)
554–628
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Suiko
593–628(33)
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Yōmei
585–587(31)
Anahobe no
Hashihito
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sushun
587–592(32)
Soga no
Kuramaro
Oshisako no Oe
b.556
Nukate Hime
b. 570
Prince
Sakurawi
560-587?
Prince Shōtoku
574-622
Chinu no Okimi Kibi Hime
Soga no
Murajiko
593–641
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Jomei
629–641(34)
594–661
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōgyoku
642–645(35)
Saimei
654–661(37)
596–654
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōtoku
645–654(36)
Soga
no Masako
Fujiwara
no Fuhito

659–720
626–671
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Tenji
661–671(38)
Yamato Hime
no Ōkimi
648–672
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōbun
671–672(39)
Princess Tōchi
≈648/653–678
645–701
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Jitō

686–697(41)
631–686
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Temmu
672–686(40)
Fujiwara
no Fusasaki

681–737
Shiki 661–721
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Gemmei
707–715(43)
Kusakabe
662–689
Prince Toneri
676–735
Fujiwara
no Miyako
?-754
683–707
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Mommu
697–707(42)
680–748
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Genshō
715–724(44)
733–765
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Junnin
758–764(47)
Fujiwara
no Matate

715–766
Empress
Kōmyō

701–760
701–756
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Shōmu
724-749(45)
718–770
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōken
749–758(46)
Shōtoku
764–770(48)
Princess Inoe
(Ikami)
717–775
709–782
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōnin
770–781(49)
Takano
no Niigasa

d. 790
Fujiwara
no Uchimaro

756–812
Sakahito
754–829
Yamabe
737–806

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kammu
781–806(50)
Fujiwara
no Otomuro

760–790
Fujiwara
no Fuyutsugu

775–826
Asahara
779–817
Ate
774–824

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Heizei
806–809(51)
Kamino
786–842

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Saga I
809–823(52)
Tachibana
no Kachiko

786–850
Princess
Koshi
789–809
Ōtomo
786–840

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Junna
(Sai I)
823–833(53)
Fujiwara
no Nagara

802–856
Fujiwara
no Yoshifusa

804–872
Minamoto
no Kiyohime
810–856
Fujiwara
no Nobuko
809–871
Masara
810–850

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ninmyō
(Fukakusa I)
833–850(54)
Princess
Seishi

810–879
Fujiwara
no Akirakeiko
829–899
Michiyasu
827–858

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Montoku
850–858(55)
Tokiyasu
830–887

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōkō
(Komatsu I)
884–887(58)
Fujiwara
no Mototsune

836–891
Fujiwara
no Takaiko
842–910
Korehito
850–880

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Seiwa
(Mizunoo I)
858–876(56)
Sadami
867–931

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Uda I
887–897(59)
Fujiwara
no Tadahira

880–949
Sadaakira
869–949

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Yōzei I
876–884(57)
Fujiwara
no Onshi

885–954
Atsuhito
885–930

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Daigo I
897–930(60)
Prince
Atsumi
893-967
Kōshi
919-957
Fujiwara
no Morosuke

909–960
Fujiwara
no Kinsue

957–1029
Fujiwara
no Koretada

924-972
Yutaakira
923–952

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Suzaku I
930–946(61)
Fujiwara
no Anshi

927–964
Nariakira
926–967

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Murakami I
946–967(62)
Fujiwara
no Kaneie

929–990
Minamoto
no Masanobu
Fujiwara
no Kaishi
945–975
Norihira
950–1011

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Reizei I
967–969(63)
Princess
Masako

950–1000
Fujiwara
no Chōshi
?–982
Morihira
959–991

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
En'yū I
969–984(64)
Fujiwara
no Senshi
962-1002
Fujiwara
no Michinaga

966–1028
Minamoto
no Rinshi
Fujiwara
no Sanenari
975–1004
Morohada
968–1008

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kazan
984–986(65)
Iyasada
976–1017

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sanjō I
1011–1016(67)
Fujiwara
no Kenshi

994–1027
Fujiwara
no Shōshi

988–1074
Kanehito
980–1011

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ichijō I
986–1011(66)
Fujiwara
no Teishi

977–1001
Fujiwara
no Kinnari
Princess
Teishi

1013–1094
Fujiwara
no Genshi

1016–1039
Atsunaga
1009–1045

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Suzaku II
1036–1045(69)
Fujiwara
no Kishi
1007–1025
Atsuhira
1008–1036

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ichijō II
1016–1036(68)
Fujiwara
no Ishi

999–1036
Fujiwara
Shigeko
?-1062
Takahito
1034–1073

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sanjō II
1068–1073(71)
Princess
Kaoruko

1029–1093
Chikahito
1025–1068

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Reizei II
1045–1068(70)
Princess
Akiko
{Shōshi}

1027–1105
Fujiwara
no Kanshi

1021–1102
Fujiwara
no Hiroko

1036–1127
Fujiwara
no Sanesue
Sadahito
1053–1129

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Shirakawa I
1073–1087(72)
Fujiwara
no Kenshi

1057–1084
Fujiwara
no Kinzane
Fujiwara
no Ishi
1076–1103
Taruhito
1079–1107

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Horikawa I
1087–1107(73)
Princess
Tokushi

1060–1114
Fujiwara
no Michisue
Tokudaiji
Saneyoshi
Fujiwara
no Nariko

1117–1160
Munehito
1103–1156

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Toba I
1107–1123(74)
Fujiwara
no Tamako

1101–1145
Fujiwara
no Yasuko

1095–1156
Fujiwara
no Kinmichi
Tokudaiji
Kinyoshi
Masahito
1127–1192

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Shirakawa II
1155–1158(77)
Fujiwara no
Kinshi

1134–1209
Akihito
1119–1164

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sutoku
1123–1142(75)
Fujiwara
no Kiyoko

1121–1182
Taira
no Kiyomori

1118–1181
Fujiwara
no Sanemune
Morihito
1143–1165

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Nijō
1158–1165(78)
Fujiwara
Masuko
1140–1201
Narihito
1139–1155

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Konoe
1142–1155(76)
Fujiwara
no Shimeko

1131–1176
Fujiwara
no Tashi

1140–1202
Norihito
1161–1181

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Takakura
1168–1180(80)
Taira
no Tokuko

1155–1213
Saionji
Kintsune
Yorihito
1164–1176

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Rokujō
1165–1168(79)
Takahura
1180–1239

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Toba II
1185–1198(82)
Kujō Ninshi
1173–1239
Prince
Morisada
1179-1223
Tokihito
1178–1185

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Antoku
1180–1185(81)
Tōin Saneo Saionji Saneuji Fujiwara
no Reishi

1185–1243
Tamehito
1196–1231

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Tsuchimikado I
1198–1210(83)
Morinari
1197–1242

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Juntoku
1210–1221(84)
Fujiwara
no Ritsushi

1192–1248
Yutahito
1212–1234

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Horikawa II
1221–1232(86)
Fujiwara
no Shunshi

1209–1233
Saionji
Kitsushi

1225–1292
Kunihito
1220–1272

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Saga II
1242–1246(88)
Kanenari
1218–1234

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Chūkyō
1221(85)
Mitsuhito
1231–1242

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Shijō
1232–1242(87)
Tōin Inshi Hisahito
1243–1304

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Fukakusa II
1246–1260(89)
Saionji
(Fujiwara)
no Kimiko

1232–1304
Tōin
no Saneko

1245–1272
Tsunehito
1249–1305

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kameyama I
1260–1274(90)
Fujiwara
no Kishi

1252–1318
Prince
Munetaka

1242–1274
Shogun:
1252–1266
Tōin Sueko Hirohito
1265–1317

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Fushimi I
1287–1298(92)
Prince Hisaaki
1279–1308
Shogun:
1289–1308
Reishi Yohito
1267–1324

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Uda II
1274–1287(91)
Prince
Koreyasu

1264–1326
Shogun:
1266–1289
Tomihito
1297–1348

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Hanazono I
1308–1318(95)
Tanehito
1288–1336

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Fushimi II
1298–1301(93)
Prince Morikuni
1301–1333
Shogun:
1308–1333
Takaharu
1288–1339

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Daigo II
1318–1339(96)
Saionji
no Kishi

1303–1333
Kuniharo
1285–1308

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Nijō II
1301–1308(94)
Fujiwara
no Kinshi

1271–1342
Yutahito
1322–1380

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōmyō I
1336–1348
Kazuhito
1313–1348

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōgon I
1332–1334
Princess
Junshi

1311–1337
Noriyoshi
1328–1368

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Murakami II
1339–1368(97)
Prince
Moriyoshi

1308–1335
Shogun:
1333–1334
Prince
Narinaga

1326–1338/1344
Shogun:
1334–1338
Prince
Tsunenaga

1324–1338
Price
Munenaga

1311–?
Prince
Kaneyoshi

≈1329-1383
Okihito
1334–1398

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sukō
1348–1351
Iyahito
1336–1374

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōgon II
1352–1371
Yutanari
1343–1394

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Chōkei
1368–1383(98)
Hironari
1347–1424

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kameyama II
1383–1392(99)
Yoshihito
shinnō
1351–1416
Ohito
1359–1393

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
En'yū II
1371–1382
Key: Northern
Pretender

Legitimate
Emperor
Sadafusa
shinnō
1372–1456
Motohito
1377–1433

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Komatsu II
1382–1392
1392–1412(100)
Mihito
1401–1428

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Shōkō
1412–1428(101)
Hikohito
1419–1471

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Hanazono II
1428–1464(102)
Fushimi
Sadatsune
1426–1474
Fusahito
1442–1500

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Tsuchimikado II
1464–1500(103)
Fushimi
Kunitaka
1456–1532
Katsuhito
1464–1526

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kashiwabara II
1500–1526(104)
Fushimi
Sadaatsu
1488–1572
Tomohito
1497–1557

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Nara II
1526–1557(105)
Fushimi
Kunisuke
1513–1563
Michihito
1517–1593

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ōgimachi
1557–1586(106)
Fushimi
Kuninobu
1566–1622
Prince Masahito
1552–1586
Fushimi
Sadakiyo
1596–1654
Tokugawa
Hidetada

1579–1632
Shogun:
1605–1623
Kazuhito
1572–1617

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Yōzei II
1586–1611(107)
Fushimi
Sadayuki
1632–1694
Tokugawa
Masako

1607–1678
Kokohito
1596–1680

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Mizunoo II
1611–1629(108)
Okiko
1624–1696

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Meishō
1629–1643(109)
Tsuguhito
1633–1654

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōmyō II
1643–1654(110)
Nagahito
1638–1685

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sai II
1655–1663(111)
Satohito
1654–1732

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Reigen
1663–1687(112)
Takatsukasa
Fusako

1653–1712
Kujō
Sukezane

1669–1729
Masuko Asahito
1675–1710

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Higashiyama
1687–1709(113)
Princess
Yukiko

1680–1720
Yoshiko
1714–1758
Fushimi
Kuninaga
1676–1726
Kujō Yukinori
1700–1728
Naohito shinnō
1704–1753
Yashuhito
1702–1737

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Nakamikado
1709–1735(114)
Nijō Munemoto
1727–1754
Teruhito
1720–1750

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sakuramachi I
1735–1747(115)
Fujimi
Sadatake
Sukehito
shinnō
1733–1794
Toohito
1741–1762

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Momozono I
1747–1762(116)
Toshiko
1740–1813

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Sakuramachi II
1762–1771(117)
Nijō Harutaka
1754–1826
Hidehito
1758–1779

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Momozono II
1771–1779(118)
Fushimi
Kuniyori
Kajyūji Tadako Morohito
1771–1840

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōkaku
1780–1817(119)
Princess
Yoshiko

1779–1846
Kujō Hisatada
1798–1871
Ayahito
1800–1846

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Ninkō
1817–1846(120)
Ōgimachi
Naoko

1803–1856
Fushimi
Sadayuki
Empress
Eishō

1835–1897
Osahito
1831–1867

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Kōmei
1846–1867(121)
Nakayama
Yoshiko

1836–1907
Fushimi
Kuniye
Kujō Michitaka
1839–1906
Yanagihara
Naruko

1859–1943
Mutsuhito
1852–1912

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Meiji
1867–1912(122)
Empress
Shōken

1849–1914
Kuni Asahiko
Empress
Teimei

1884–1951
Yoshihito
1879–1926

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Taishō
1912–1926(123)
Kuni Kuniyoshi Prince
Naruhiko
Higashikuni

1887–1990
Kikuko,
Tokugawa

1911–2004
Nobuhito,
Prince
Takamatsu

1905–1987
Setsuko
Matsudaira

1909–1995
Yasuhito,
Prince
Chichibu

1902–1953
Hirohito
1901–1989

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
Shōwa
1926–1989(124)
Empress
Kōjun

1903–2000
Takahito,
Prince Mikasa

1915-
Yuriko
Takagi

1923-
Takatsukasa
Toshimichi

1923–1966
Kazuko,
Princess Taka

1929–1989
Takamasa
Ikeda
1926–2012
Atsuko,
Princess Yori

1931-
Sachiko
Princess Hisa

1927–1928
Takako,
Princess Suga

1939–?
Hisanaga
Shimazu
1934-
Shigeko
Princess Teru

1925–1961
Morihiro
Higashikuni

1916–1969
b. 1934
Empress
Michiko
Akihito b. 1933
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
The Present
Emperor

1989–(125)
Masahito,
Prince Hitachi

1935-
Hanako
Tsugaru

1940-
Yoshihito,
Prince
Katsura

1948–2014
Princess
Yasuko
of Mikasa

1944-
Tadateru
Konoe

1939-
b. 1963
Crown Princess
Masako
b. 1960
Crown Prince
Naruhito
b. 1965
Fumihito
Prince Akishino
b. 1966
Kiko
Princess
Akishino
b. 1969
Sayako,
Princess
Nori
Nobuko Asō
1955-
Prince
Tomohito
of Mikasa

1946–2012
Norihito,
Prince
Takamado

1954–2002
Hisako
Tottori

1953-
b. 2001
Aiko
Princess Toshi
b. 1991
Princess Mako
of Akishino
b. 1994
Princess Kako
of Akishino
b. 2006
Prince Hisahito
of Akishino
Princess Akiko
of Mikasa

1981-
Princess Yōko
of Mikasa

1983-
Princess
Tsuguko
of Takamado

1986-
Princess
Ayako
of Takamado

1990-
Princess
Noriko
of Takamado

1988-
Kunimaro
Senge
1973-

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ Yoshida, Reiji. "Life in the Cloudy Imperial Fishbowl," Japan Times. March 27, 2007; retrieved 2013-8-22.
  2. ^ Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009.
  3. ^ Titsingh, pp. 34–36; Brown, pp. 261–262; Varley, pp. 123–124.
  4. ^ Hoye, Timothy. (1999). Japanese Politics: Fixed and Floating Worlds, p. 78; excerpt, "According to legend, the first Japanese Emperor was Jimmu. Along with the next 13 Emperors, Jimmu is not considered an actual, historical figure. Historically verifiable Emperors of Japan date from the early sixth century with Kimmei.
  5. ^ Aston, William. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  6. ^ Rotermund, Hartmut O., ed. (2000). "Généalogie des kami" [Genealogy of the kami]. Religions, croyances et traditions populaires du Japon [Religions, beliefs and popular traditions in Japan] (in French). Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 117. ISBN 978-87-06-81432-9. 
  7. ^ Atsushi, Kadoya (20 October 2005). "Izanagi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  8. ^ Atsushi, Kadoya; Tatsuya, Yumiyama (12 March 2005). "Izanami". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  9. ^ Mizue, Mori (10 May 2005). "Takamimusuhi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  10. ^ Mizue, Mori (15 March 2006). "Amaterasu". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  11. ^ Kaoru, Nakayama (7 May 2005). "Ōyamatsumi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  12. ^ Kaoru, Nakayama (13 May 2005). "Watatsumi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  13. ^ Atsushi, Kadoya (10 May 2005). "Susanoo". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  14. ^ Mizue, Mori (13 May 2005). "Yorozuhatahime". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  15. ^ Kazuhiko, Nishioka (21 April 2005). "Amenooshihomimi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  16. ^ Mizue, Mori; Tatsuya, Yumiyama (6 May 2005). "Ninigi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  17. ^ Mizue, Mori (28 April 2005). "Konohanasakuyahime". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  18. ^ Mizue, Mori (22 April 2005). "Hohodemi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  19. ^ Mizue, Mori (10 May 2005). "Toyotamabime". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  20. ^ Kazuhiko, Nishioka (6 May 2005). "Mizokui". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  21. ^ Mizue, Mori (12 May 2005). "Ugayafukiaezu". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  22. ^ Mizue, Mori (10 May 2005). "Tamayoribime". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  23. ^ Atsushi, Kadoya; Tatsuya, Yumiyama (20 October 2005). "Ōkuninushi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  24. ^ Atsushi, Kadoya (21 April 2005). "Ōnamuchi". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  25. ^ Kazuhiko, Nishioka (26 April 2005). "Isukeyorihime". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 2010-09-29.