Japanese military aircraft designation systems

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Japanese military aircraft designation systems for the Imperial period (pre-1945) had multiple designation systems for each armed service. This led to the Allies' use of code names during World War II, and these code names are still better known in English-language texts than the real Japanese names for the aircraft. A number of different schemes were simultaneously in use.

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service[edit]

The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (Japanese: 大日本帝國海軍航空隊, Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun Koukuu-tai) (IJNAS) used several different aircraft designation systems simultaneously. Between 1931 and 1945, aircraft had Shi numbers designating the specification they were designed to. They also had a long form of Type and Model Number system used between 1920 and 1943, a short designation system akin to that of the United States Navy in use between the late 1920s and 1945, a system of popular names introduced to replace type numbers from 1943 through 1945.

Specification Shi numbers[edit]

Japanese Navy specifications from 1931 were given an experimental, or Shi number, based on the year of the Emperor's reign the specification was issued in. Since multiple specifications could be issued in a year, the number was disambiguated with the aircraft purpose.[1]

During the period this designation system was in use, the Emperor in question was Hirohito, the Showa Emperor, thus the years of Showa were those used, which began in 1926.

Thus, the Mitsubishi Zero was designed to meet the 1937 specification called 12-shi carrier fighter.

Long Type and Model Number system[edit]

After 1929, aircraft types were given a type number based on the last two digits of the year as counted from the mythical founding of Japan in 660BC by Emperor Jimmu. Added to this was a brief description of the aircraft's function. The Mitsubishi Zero was so-called because entered service in 1940 which was the Japanese year 2600, thus it was designated Type 0 Carrier Fighter.[2]

Model numbers were added to show subtypes. By the late 1930s these were two digits, the first being airframe revisions, the second engine revisions.[3]

The system was abandoned in 1943, when it was decided that it gave away too much information about the aircraft.

Short system[edit]

In the late 1920s a short designation scheme was adopted, which was strikingly similar to the 1922 United States Navy aircraft designation system. This scheme used a letter or two letters to designate a type of aircraft, a number to indicate the number in series of that type of aircraft, and finally a letter to designate the manufacturer. Unlike the US Navy system, the Japanese system did not have a different number series for each manufacturer, and did not omit the number "1".[4]

Thus, the Zero's type in this designation system was A6M, which meant the sixth type of carrier fighter under this designation system, and that it was built by Mitsubishi.

Variants were indicated by an additional number at the end; repurposing an aircraft was indicated by a dash and then the new type letter.[4]

Sometimes two aircraft were ordered from different manufacturers to the same specification at the same time, generally as insurance against the primary design not working out. In this case, the same series number was used for both.

Aircraft type letters[5]
Letter Type of Aircraft
A Carrier fighter
B Carrier attack bomber
C Reconnaissance
D Carrier dive bomber
E Reconnaissance seaplane
F Observation seaplane
G Attack bomber (land-based)
H Flying boat
J Fighter (land-based)
K Trainer
L Transport
M Special seaplane
N Fighter seaplane
P Bomber
Q Patrol
R Reconnaissance (land-based)
S Night fighter
Manufacturer Letters
Letter Manufacturer
A Aichi
North American Aviation
B Boeing
C Consolidated Aircraft
D Showa
Douglas Aircraft
F Grumman
G Hitachi Kokuki
Goodyear
H Hiro
Hawker
He Heinkel
J Nihon Kogata Hikoki
Junkers
K Kawanishi
Kinner
M Mitsubishi
Airspeed
N Nakajima
P Nihon
S Sasebo
Si Showa
V Vought-Sikorsky
W Watanabe
Kyushu
Y Yokosuka
Z Mizuno Guraida Seisakusho

Popular names[edit]

After July 1943, names were given to Navy aircraft instead of type designations. These names were given according to a scheme based on the aircraft's role.

  • Fighters: Weather and meteorological names
    • Carrier fighters and seaplane fighters: Wind names usually ending with pu or fu (風)
    • Interceptors: Lightning names ending in den (電)
    • Night fighters: Light names ending in ko (光)
  • Attack planes: Mountains names ending in zan (山)
  • Bombers: Star or constellation names usually ending in sei (星)
  • Patrol: Sea or ocean names ending in kai (海)
  • Reconnaissance: Cloud names ending in un (雲)
  • Trainers: Trees, plants and flowers
  • Transports: Sky names ending in ku (空)
  • Miscellaneous: Landscape names

Special cases include kamikaze aircraft such as Special Attackers Ohka ("Cherry blossom"; designed from the start as such) and Kikka ("Orange blossom"; believed to be considered for this role), aircraft that employed non-conventional (i.e. non-propeller-driven) propulsion scheme like rocket-powered interceptor Shūsui (poetic term meaning "Sharp Sword"), and aircraft used for non-conventional deployments such as Special Attacker Seiran ("Mountain Haze"; deployed from submarines to strike targets behind the frontline and expected to be ditched upon returning to motherships). Both Ohka and Kikka are named after the fruit trees in the gardens of the Imperial Palace.

Imperial Japanese Army Air Service[edit]

The Imperial Japanese Army Air Service (often called the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force (大日本帝國陸軍航空隊、大日本帝國陸軍航空部隊?, Dainippon Teikoku Rikugun Kōkūtai, Dainippon Teikoku Rikugun Kōkūbutai) (IJAAS) used a straightforward system based on year of service and type, nearly identical to the Navy's long type and model number system. This system was used from 1927. The "Ki" (キ; abbreviation of kitai = airframe) designation was also used and became prominent in later years.

Long Type and Model Number system[edit]

The first part of the designation was a two-digit type number based on the Japanese year in which the aircraft entered service. A minor exception was the year 1940 (2600), for which the type number 100 rather than zero was used. This was followed by a description of the aircraft's function.[6] If there were two or more aircraft with the same type and function, the latter was enhanced to further differentiate them. An example is the Type 2 single-seat fighter (the Nakajima Ki-44) and the Type 2 two-seat fighter (Kawasaki Ki-45).

Major modifications (such as a different engine) were indicated with a subtype number, officially in kanji but often in Roman numerals. Small-scale modifications (such as armament) are indicated with a Japanese ordinal (甲,乙,丙), or "kai"(改) if the modification was large but not enough for a new type number.[7]

Short designation ("Ki" number)[edit]

The "Ki" airframe designation indicates the project number (written in Arabic numerals), and was assigned in sequence to all projects regardless of manufacturer or type.[2]

Popular names[edit]

Popular names such as "Hayabusa" (the Nakajima Ki-43) were not part of the official designation.

Calendars and Type numbers[edit]

Data from: [8]

Gregorian
Calendar Year
Type number
(Army & Navy)
Imperial Japanese
Calendar Year
Nengo
Calendrical Era
Navy experimental
Shisaku number
1921 Type 10 (Taisho) 2581 Taisho 10
1922 Type 11 (Taisho) 2582 Taisho 11
1923 Type 12 (Taisho) 2583 Taisho 12
1924 Type 13 (Taisho) 2584 Taisho 13
1925 Type 14 (Taisho) 2585 Taisho 14
1926 (to 25 Dec.) Type 15 (Taisho) 2586 (to 25 Dec.) Taisho 15
1926 (from 26 Dec.) 2586 (from 26 Dec.) Showa 1
1927 Type 87 2587 Showa 2
1928 Type 88 2588 Showa 3
1929 Type 89 2589 Showa 4
1930 Type 90 2590 Showa 5
1931 Type 91 2591 Showa 6 6-Shi
1932 Type 92 2592 Showa 7 7-Shi
1933 Type 93 2593 Showa 8 8-Shi
1934 Type 94 2594 Showa 9 9-Shi
1935 Type 95 2595 Showa 10 10-Shi
1936 Type 96 2596 Showa 11 11-Shi
1937 Type 97 2597 Showa 12 12-Shi
1938 Type 98 2598 Showa 13 13-Shi
1939 Type 99 2599 Showa 14 14-Shi
1940 Type 100 or 0 2600 Showa 15 15-Shi
1941 Type 1 2601 Showa 16 16-Shi
1942 Type 2 2602 Showa 17 17-Shi
1943 Type 3 2603 Showa 18 18-Shi
1944 Type 4 2604 Showa 19 19-Shi
1945 Type 5 2605 Showa 20 20-Shi

Designation table[edit]

This is a sortable table giving all the various designations and names of Japanese Military aircraft from circa 1925 to 1945. Data from :[9] and [[10]]

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service aircraft designations[edit]

Service Short Designation Manufacturer Official Designation Experimental Designation (Navy), Role (Army) Name Allied Reporting Name Notes
IJNAS A1N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 3 Carrier Fighter Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS A2N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 90 Carrier Fighter Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS A3N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 90 Training Fighter Single-engined two-seat biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS A4N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 95 Carrier Fighter Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS A5M Mitsubishi 九六式艦上戦闘機 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 96 Carrier Fighter 9-shi Carrier Fighter CLAUDE also given reporting name SANDY in error
IJNAS A5M4-K Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 96 Training Fighter Two-seat training fighter variant of A5M
IJNAS A5M4-K Watanabe Watanabe Navy Type 2 Training Fighter 15-shi Fighter-Trainer Two-seat training fighter variant of A5M
IJNAS A6M Mitsubishi 零式艦上戦闘機 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter 12-shi Carrier Fighter 零戦 – Reisen ZEKE (HAMP / HAP / RAY)
IJNAS A6M2-K Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Training Fighter ZEKE
IJNAS A6M5-K Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Training Fighter ZEKE
IJNAS A6M2-N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 2 Fighter Seaplane 15-shi Fighter Seaplane RUFE
IJNAS A7M Mitsubishi 17-shi Ko Type Carrier Fighter 烈風 – Reppu – Storm Wind SAM
IJNAS A7M3-J Mitsubishi 17-Shi Otsu(B) Type Interceptor Fighter Reppu Kai
IJNAS A7He Heinkel Type He Air Defence Fighter JERRY Heinkel He 112B-0
IJNAS A8V Seversky Type S Two-seat Fighter DICK Seversky 2PA-B3
IJNAS AXB Boeing Type B Carrier Fighter One Boeing Model 100 tested
IJNAS AXG Canadian Car Type G Carrier Fighter One Grumman FF-1 tested
IJNAS AXD Dewoitine Type D Carrier Fighter One Dewoitine D.510 tested
IJNAS AXH Hawker Type H Carrier Fighter One Hawker Nimrod tested
IJNAS AXHe Heinkel Type He Interceptor Fighter Three Heinkel He 100D-0 tested; production in Japan by Hitachi cancelled
IJNAS AXV Vought Type V Interceptor Fighter One Vought V-143 tested
IJNAS B1M Mitsubishi 一三式艦攻 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 13 Carrier Attack Bomber Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS B2M Mitsubishi 八九式艦攻 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 89 Carrier Attack Bomber Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS B3Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 92 Carrier Attack Bomber Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941 (Kugisho Naval Arsenal)
IJNAS B4M Mitsubishi 9-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker Biplane
IJNAS B4N Nakajima 9-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker Unsuccessful competitor to Kugisho B4Y1
IJNAS B4Y Kugisho 九六式艦攻 – Kugisho Navy Type 96 Carrier Attack Bomber 9-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker JEAN
IJNAS B5M Mitsubishi 九七式二号艦攻 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 97-2 Carrier Attack Bomber 10-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker MABEL
IJNAS B5N Nakajima 九七式艦攻 – Nakajima Navy Type 97-1 Carrier Attack Bomber and Nakajima Navy Type 97-3 Carrier Attack Bomber 10-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker KATE
IJNAS B5N1-K Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 97 Model 1 Attacker-Trainer KATE Trainer version of B5N
IJNAS B6N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Carrier Attack Bomber Tenzan 14-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker 天山 – Tenzan – Heavenly Mountain JILL
IJNAS B7A Aichi Aichi Navy Carrier Attack Bomber Ryusei 16-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker 流星 – Ryusei – Shooting Star GRACE
IJNAS BXN Northrop Northrop 2E Gamma bomber 2 imported.
IJNAS C1M Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 10 Carrier Reconnaissance Aircraft Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 10 Carrier Attack Aircraft (Torpedo Bomber?) Mitsubishi 1MT Single-engined triplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS C2N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Fokker Reconnaissance Aircraft Japanese-built Fokker Super Universal; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS C3N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 97 Carrier Reconnaissance Aircraft 10-shi Carrier (Land) Reconnaissance Single-engined monoplane; not proceeded with
IJNAS C4A Aichi 13-Shi High-speed Reconnaissance Plane Project only
IJNAS C5M Mitsubishi 九八式陸上偵察機 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 98 Reconnaissance Aircraft BABS
IJNAS C6N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Carrier Reconnaissance Plane Saiun 17-shi Carrier (Land) Reconnaissance 彩雲 – Saiun – Painted Cloud MYRT
IJNAS C6N1-S2 Nakajima Night Fighter 17-shi Carrier (Land) Reconnaissance 彩雲 – Saiun – Iridescent Cloud MYRT
IJNAS CXP1 Potez One imported for diesel experiments
IJNAS D1A1 Aichi 九四式艦爆 – Aichi Navy Type 94 Carrier Bomber 8-shi Carrier Dive Bomber SUSIE
IJNAS D1A2 Aichi Aichi Navy Type 96 Carrier Bomber SUSIE
IJNAS D2N Nakajima 8-Shi Carrier Bomber Unsuccessful competitor to Aichi D1A1
IJNAS D2Y Kugisho 8-Shi Carrier Bomber Unsuccessful competitor to Aichi D1A1
IJNAS D3A Aichi 九九式艦爆 – Aichi Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber 11-shi Carrier Dive Bomber VAL
IJNAS D3M Mitsubishi 11-Shi Carrier Bomber Unsuccessful competitor to Aichi D3A1
IJNAS D3N Nakajima 11-Shi Carrier Bomber Unsuccessful competitor to Aichi D3A1
IJNAS D3Y1-K Kugisho Kugisho Navy Training Bomber Myojo 明星 - Myoujou – Venus
IJNAS D3Y2-K Kugisho Kugisho Navy Training Bomber Myojo Myoujou – Venus
IJNAS D4Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Carrier Bomber Suisei 17-shi Carrier Dive Bomber 彗星 – Suisei – Comet JUDY (may have been given the reporting name DOT in error)
IJNAS D4Y1-C Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 2 Carrier Reconnaissance Aircraft JUDY
IJNAS D4Y2-Ca Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 2 Carrier Reconnaissance Aircraft JUDY
IJNAS D5Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Special Attacker Myojo Kai
IJNAS DXD Douglas Type D Attack Plane One Douglas DB-19 tested
IJNAS DXHe Heinkel Type He Attack Plane One Heinkel He 118V4 tested
IJNAS E1Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 14-1 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E2N Nakajima 一五式水上偵察機 – Nakajima Navy Type 15 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E3A Aichi Aichi Navy Type 90-1 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E4N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 90-2 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E4N2-C Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 90-2-3 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E5K Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Type 90-3 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E5Y Kugisho Kugisho Type 14-2 Kai-1 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E6Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 91 Reconnaissance Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E7K Kawanishi 九四式水上偵察機 – Kawanishi Navy Type 94 Reconnaissance Seaplane 7-shi Sea Reconnaissance ALF
IJNAS E8A Aichi 8-Shi Reconnaissance Seaplane Unsuccessful competitor to Aichi E8N1
IJNAS E8K Kawanishi 8-Shi Reconnaissance Seaplane Unsuccessful competitor to Aichi E8N1
IJNAS E8N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 95 Reconnaissance Seaplane 8-shi Sea Reconnaissance DAVE
IJNAS E9W Watanabe Watanabe Navy Type 96 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane 9-shi Sea Reconnaissance SLIM Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E10A Aichi Aichi Navy Type 96 Night Reconnaissance Seaplane 9-shi Sea Reconnaissance HANK Single-engined biplane flying boat; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E10K Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Type 94 Transport Seaplane 9-shi Sea Reconnaissance Single-engined biplane flying boat; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS E11A Aichi Aichi Navy Type 98 Night Reconnaissance Seaplane 11-shi Sea Reconnaissance LAURA
IJNAS E11K Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Type 96 Transport Seaplane 11-shi Sea Reconnaissance Unsuccessful competitor to Aichi E11A1; three prototypes modified as transports
IJNAS E12A Aichi 12-Shi Two-seat Reconnaissance Seaplane
IJNAS E12K Kawanishi 12-Shi Two-seat Reconnaissance Seaplane
IJNAS E12N Nakajima 12-Shi Two-seat Reconnaissance Seaplane
IJNAS E13A Aichi 零式水上偵察機 – Aichi Navy Type 0 Reconnaissance Seaplane 12-shi Sea Reconnaissance JAKE
IJNAS E13K Kawanishi 12-Shi Three-seat Reconnaissance Seaplane
IJNAS E14W Watanabe 12-Shi Small Reconnaissance Seaplane
IJNAS E14Y Kugisho 零式小型水上偵察機 – Kugisho Navy Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane 12-shi Sea Reconnaissance GLEN
IJNAS E15K Kawanishi 二式高速度水上偵察機 - Kawanishi Navy Type 2 High-speed Reconnaissance Seaplane Shiun 14-shi Sea Reconnaissance 紫雲 – Shiun – Purple Cloud NORM
IJNAS E16A Aichi Aichi Navy Reconnaissance Seaplane Zuiun 16-shi Sea Reconnaissance 瑞雲 – Zuiun – Happy Cloud PAUL
IJNAS F1A Aichi 10-Shi Observation Seaplane Unsuccessful competitor to Mitsubishi F1M1
IJNAS F1K Kawanishi 10-Shi Observation Seaplane Unsuccessful competitor to Mitsubishi F1M1
IJNAS F1M Mitsubishi 零式水上観測機 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 0 Observation Seaplane 10-shi Sea Observation PETE
IJNAS G1M Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 93 Attack Bomber 7-shi Land Attacker Twin-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS G1M Mitsubishi 8-shi Land Attacker Long Range Research Plane. Different from 7-shi
IJNAS G2H Hiro 九五式陸上攻撃機 – Hiro Navy Type 95 Attack Bomber 7-shi Land Attacker Twin-engined monoplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS G3M Mitsubishi 九六式陸攻 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 96 Attack Bomber 9-shi Land Attacker NELL
IJNAS G4M Mitsubishi 一式陸攻 – Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 Attack Bomber 12-shi Land Attacker BETTY
IJNAS G5N Nakajima 13-Shi Attack Bomber Shinzan 深山 – Shinzan – Deep Mountain LIZ
IJNAS G6M Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 Wingtip Convoy Fighter BETTY
IJNAS G6M1-K Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 Large Land Trainer BETTY
IJNAS G6M1-L2 Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 Transport BETTY
IJNAS G7M Mitsubishi 16-Shi Attack Bomber Taizan Taizan – Great Mountain Project only
IJNAS G8N Nakajima 18-Shi Attack Bomber Renzan 連山 – Renzan – Mountain Chain RITA
IJNAS G9K Kawanishi 17-Shi Attack Bomber Project only
IJNAS G10N Nakajima Super Heavy Bomber Fugaku 富岳 – Fugaka – Mount Fuji
IJNAS H1H Hiro Hiro Navy Type 15 Flying boat Twin-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS H2H Hiro Hiro Navy Type 89 Flying boat Twin-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS H3H Hiro Hiro Navy Type 90-1 Flying boat Three-engined monoplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS H3K Kawanishi 九〇式二号飛行艇 – Kawanishi Navy Type 90-2 Flying boat BELLE Three-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS H4H Hiro Hiro Navy Type 91 Flying boat Twin-engined monoplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS H5Y Kugisho 九九式飛行艇 – Kugisho Navy Type 99 Flying boat 9-shi Flying Boat CHERRY
IJNAS H6K Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Type 97 Flying boat 9-shi Flying Boat MAVIS
IJNAS H6K2-L Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Type 97 Transport Flying boat MAVIS
IJNAS H6K4-L Kawanishi 九七式大型飛行艇 – Kawanishi Navy Type 97 Transport Flying boat MAVIS
IJNAS H7Y Kugisho 12-Shi Special Flying boat TILLIE Project only.
IJNAS H8K Kawanishi 二式大型飛行艇 – Kawanishi Navy Type 2 Flying boat 13-shi Flying Boat EMILY
IJNAS H8K2-L Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Transport Flying boat Seiku 晴空 – Seiku – Sunny Sky EMILY
IJNAS H9A Aichi 二式練習飛行艇 – Aichi Navy Type 2 Training Flying boat 13-shi Flying Boat
IJNAS H10H Hiro 14-Shi Medium Flying boat Project only
IJNAS H11K1-L Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Large-size Transport Flying boat Soukuu 蒼空 – Soukuu – Blue Sky 4-engine transport flying boat project with nose clamshell doors
IJNAS HXC Consolidated Type C Flying boat One Consolidated P2Y-1 tested
IJNAS HXD Douglas Type D Flying boat Two Douglas DF tested
IJNAS HXP Potez 1 Potex 452 flying boat imported for evaluation
IJNAS J1N Nakajima 13-Shi Three-seat Fighter
IJNAS J1N1-C Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 2 Reconnaissance Aircraft IRVING
IJNAS J1N1-R Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 2 Reconnaissance Aircraft 13-shi Land Reconnaissance
IJNAS J1N1-S Nakajima Nakajima Navy Night Fighter Gekko 13-shi Night Fighter 月光 – Gekko – Moon Light IRVING
IJNAS J2M Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Interceptor Fighter Raiden 14-shi Interceptor 雷電 – Raiden – Thunderbolt JACK
IJNAS J3K Kawanishi 17-Shi Otsu (B) Type Interceptor Fighter
IJNAS J4M Mitsubishi 17-Shi Otsu (B) Type Interceptor Fighter Senden 閃電 – Senden – Flushing Lightning LUKE
IJNAS J5N Nakajima 18-Shi Otsu (B) Type Interceptor Fighter Tenrai 天雷 – Tenrai – Heavenly Thunder
IJNAS J6K Kawanishi 18-Shi Otsu (B) Type Interceptor Fighter Jinpu 陣風 – Jinpu – Squall
IJNAS J7W Watanabe 18-Shi Otsu (B) Type Interceptor Fighter Shinden 震電 – Shinden – Resounding Lightning
IJNAS J8M Mitsubishi 19-Shi Rocket-Powered Interceptor Fighter Shusui 秋水 – Shusui – Sharp Sword
IJNAS Kikka Nakajima Nakajima Navy jet fighter, 皇国二号兵器 – Kōkoku Nigō Heiki – Imperial Weapon No.2 橘花 – Kikka – Wild Orange Blossom First Japanese jet aircraft.
IJNAS K1Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 13 Training Seaplane Single-engined biplane; obsolete in 1941
IJNAS K2Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 3 Primary Trainer
IJNAS K3M Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 90 Operations Trainer PINE
IJNAS K4Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 90 Training Seaplane
IJNAS K5Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 93 Advanced Trainer WILLOW
IJNAS K6K Kawanishi 11-Shi Advanced Trainer Seaplane Cancelled Single-engined biplane
IJNAS K6M Mitsubishi 11-Shi Advanced Trainer Seaplane Cancelled Single-engined biplane
IJNAS K6W Watanabe 11-Shi Advanced Trainer Seaplane Cancelled Single-engined biplane
IJNAS K7M Mitsubishi 11-Shi Crew Trainer Cancelled Twin-engined monoplane
IJNAS K8K Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Type 0 Primary Trainer Seaplane 12-shi Primary Trainer Seaplane Single-engined biplane; fifteen built
IJNAS K8P Nihon 12-Shi Primary Trainer Seaplane Cancelled Single-engined biplane
IJNAS K8W Watanabe 12-Shi Primary Trainer Seaplane Cancelled Single-engined biplane
IJNAS K9W Watanabe Kyushu Navy Type 2 Primary Trainer Momiji 14-shi Trainer 紅葉 – Kouyou – Red Leaf CYPRESS
IJNAS K10W Watanabe Kyushu Navy Type 2 Intermediate Trainer 14-shi Land Middle Trainer OAK Also used as target tug
IJNAS K11W Watanabe Kyushu Navy Operations Trainer Shiragiku 15-shi Trainer 白菊 – Shiragiku – White Chrysanthemum
IJNAS KXA North American Type A Intermediate Trainer Two North American NA-16 tested
IJNAS KXBu Bücker Type Bu Primary Trainer Bücker Bü 131
IJNAS KXC Caudron Type C Trainer One Caudron C-600 tested
IJNAS KXHe Heinkel Type He Trainer One Heinkel He 72 tested
IJNAS KXJ Junkers Type J Trainer One Junkers A-50 tested
IJNAS KXL Lockheed Type L Trainer One Lockheed 10 Electra tested
IJNAS L1N Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 97 Transport THORA
IJNAS L2D Douglas/Nakajima/Showa Navy Type D Transport & Showa Navy Type 0 Transport TABBY licence built Douglas DC-3
IJNAS L3Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 96 Transport TINA Converted Mitsubishi G3M
IJNAS L4M Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Army Type 100 Transport TOPSY
IJNAS L5? Unidentified transport No details
IJNAS L6? Unidentified transport No details
IJNAS L7P Nihon 13-Shi Small Amphibious Transport Cancelled Single-engined monoplane
IJNAS LXC Curtiss-Wright Type C Amphibious Transport One Curtiss-Wright CA-1 Commuter aka (Curtiss Courtney) tested
IJNAS LXD Douglas Type D Transport One Douglas DC-4E tested
IJNAS LXF Fairchild Type F Amphibious Transport one Fairchild A942 tested.
IJNAS LXG Tokyo Gas-Electric Special Liaison Transport Commercial Tokyo Gas-Electric KR-2 for VIP use.
IJNAS LXG Grumman Grumman Amphibian Flying Boat One Grumman G-21 Goose tested
IJNAS LXHe Heinkel Type He Transport One Heinkel He 70 tested.
IJNAS LXK Kinner Type K Transport One Kinner Envoy tested.
IJNAS LXM Airspeed Type M Transport Two Airspeed Envoys tested.
IJNAS M6A Aichi Aichi Navy Special Attack Bomber Seiran 17-shi special Attacker 晴嵐 – Seiran – Mountain Haze
IJNAS M6A1-K Aichi Aichi Navy Special Attack Training Bomber Nanzan 南山 – Nanzan – Southern Mountain
IJNAS MXJ1 Nihon Navy Primary Training Glider Wakakusa 17-shi Exp. Research Plane 若草 – Wakakusa – Young Grass Two-seat glider
IJNAS MXY1 Kugisho Test Aircraft MXY1 Single-engined research aircraft
IJNAS MXY2 Kugisho Test Aircraft MXY2 Single-engined research aircraft
IJNAS MXY3 Kugisho Target Glider MXY3 Radio-controlled target drone
IJNAS MXY4 Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 1 Target Aircraft MXY4 Radio-controlled target drone
IJNAS MXY5 Kugisho Transport Glider MXY5 Assault glider; twelve built
IJNAS MXY6 Kugisho Ente-type Glider MXY6
IJNAS MXY7 Kugisho Kugisho Navy Suicide Attacker Ohka MXY7 桜花 – Ohka – Cherry Blossom BAKA
IJNAS MXY8 Kugisho Kugisho Training Glider Akigusa MXY8 秋草 – Akigusa – Autumn Grass
IJNAS MXY9 Kugisho Kugisho Trainer Shuka MXY9 秋火 – Shuka Rocket Intercepter practice glider (may also have been a non-flying replica of Mitsubishi A6M)
IJNAS MXY10 Kugisho Kugisho Navy Bomber Ginga Ground Decoy MXY10 Non-flying replica of Kugisho P1Y1
IJNAS MXY11 Kugisho Kugisho Navy Type 1 Attack Bomber Ground Decoy MXY11 Non-flying replica of Mitsubishi G4M
IJNAS MXZ1 Mizuno 17-shi Exp. Research Plane Basic training glider
IJNAS N1K Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Fighter Seaplane Kyofu 15-shi Fighter Seaplane 強風 – Kyofu – Strong Wind REX
IJNAS N1K1-J Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Interceptor Fighter Shiden 紫電 – Shiden – Violet Lightning GEORGE Landplane development of Kyofu;
IJNAS N1K2-J Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Interceptor Fighter Shiden Kai GEORGE Landplane;
IJNAS N1K5-J Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Interceptor Fighter Shiden Kai GEORGE Landplane;
IJNAS N1K2-K Kawanishi Kawanishi Navy Training Fighter Shiden Kai Rensen GEORGE Landplane
IJNAS P1Y Kugisho Kugisho Navy Bomber Ginga 15-shi Land Bomber 銀河 – Ginga – Galaxy FRANCES (FRANCIS in error)
IJNAS P1Y1-S Kugisho Kugisho Navy Night Fighter Byakko 15-shi Night Fighter Byakko – White Light
IJNAS P1Y2-S Kugisho Kugisho Navy Night Fighter Kyokko 15-shi Night Fighter Kyokko – Aurora
IJNAS Q1W Watanabe Kyushu Navy Patrol Plane Tokai 17-shi Patrol 東海 – Tokai – Eastern Sea LORNA
IJNAS Q2M Mitsubishi 19-Shi Patrol Plane Taiyo Taiyo – Ocean Projected twin-engined ASW patrol bomber
IJNAS Q3W Watanabe Kyushu Navy Patrol Plane Nankai Nankai – Southern Sea
IJNAS R1Y Kugisho 17-Shi Reconnaissance Plane Seiun Seiun – Cloud of Dawn
IJNAS R2Y Kugisho 18-Shi Reconnaissance Plane Keiun 景雲 – Keiun – Beautiful Cloud
IJNAS S1A Aichi 18-Shi Hei C Type Night Fighter Denko 電光 – Denko – Bolt of Lightning
IJNAS Nakajima 6-shi Carrier Fighter Dive-bomber needed instead
IJNAS Mitsubishi 7-shi Carrier Fighter Mitsubishi 1MF10 - Low-wing monoplane
IJNAS Nakajima 7-shi Carrier Fighter Navy variant of IJA Type 91 Fighter
IJNAS Mitsubishi 8-shi Carrier Fighter Mitsubishi Ka-8 - Two-seat fighter - Crashed during experimental flight
IJNAS Nakajima 8-shi Carrier Fighter Cancelled
IJNAS Nakajima 9-shi Carrier Fighter Navy Type of IJA Ki-11
IJNAS Aichi 7-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker Biplane
IJNAS Mitsubishi 7-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker Biplane
IJNAS Nakajima 7-shi Carrier Torpedo Attacker Biplane
IJNAS Nakajima 6-shi Carrier Dive Bomber Crashed during experimental flight
IJNAS Nakajima 7-shi Carrier Dive Bomber
IJNAS Aichi 6-shi Night Reconnaissance Flying Boat Night Recon. Seaplane (flying boat biplane)[11]
IJNAS Aichi 7-shi Reconnaissance Seaplane Competitor to E7K[12]
IJNAS Navy Suicide Attacker Ohka Sukukaze – Cool Breeze OMAR Fictional
IJNAS Experimental Special Attacker1 Toka – Wisteria
IJNAS Experimental Attack Plane1 Tozan – Eastern Mountain
IJNAS Aichi Type 97 Reconnaissance Seaplane? BOB Misidentification
IJNAS Aichi Type 98 Bomber Float Plane? IONE Misidentification
IJNAS Type 99 Four Engine Flying Boat? JOAN Misidentification
IJNAS Aichi Type 99 Single Engine Dive Bomber Seaplane?
IJNAS Mitsubishi Type 1 Single Seat Fighter? ZEKE Misidentification
IJNAS Mitsubishi Type 96 Carrier Fighter? SANDY Misidentification
IJNAS Nakajima Nakajima Navy Type 97 Seaplane Fighter ADAM fictional
IJNAS Nakajima Type 1 Dive Bomber? DOT Misidentification
IJNAS E7K Nakajima Type 97 Seaplane Fighter ADAM Misidentification
IJNAS Ka-1 Kayaba カ号観測機 – Ka-Gō Artillery spotter Based on Kellett KD-1 autogyro
IJNAS Type 99 Flying Boat JOAN Misidentification of MAVIS or CHERRY
IJNAS Type T.K.19 Fighter JOE Fictional
IJNAS Type 99 Dive Bomber Seaplane JUNE Misidentified floatplane VAL
IJNAS Nagoya Sento-ki 001 Sento-ki 001 Carrier Fighter JUNE Misidentified A6M
IJNAS Ka-2 Kayaba Improved version of the Ka-1

Imperial Japanese Army Air Service aircraft designations[edit]

Service Short Designation Manufacturer Official Designation Experimental Designation (Navy), Role (Army) Name Allied Reporting Name Notes
IJAAS Ka-go Kayaba Ka-go Observer Observation Artillery observation autogyro
IJAAS Ki-1 Mitsubishi 九三式重爆撃機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 93 Heavy Bomber H. Bomber Monoplane
IJAAS Ki-2 Mitsubishi 九三式双発軽爆撃機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 93 Twin-Engined Light Bomber L. Bomber LOUISE Monoplane
IJAAS Ki-3 Kawasaki 九三式単発軽爆撃機 – Kawasaki Army Type 93 Single-Engined Light Bomber L. Bomber Biplane
IJAAS Ki-4 Nakajima Nakajima Army Type 94 Reconnaissance Recon. Biplane
IJAAS Ki-5 Kawasaki Fighter Inverted gull-wing
IJAAS Ki-6 Nakajima Nakajima Army Type 95 Model 2 Trainer Operation Trainer High-wing Monoplane
IJAAS Ki-7 Mitsubishi Operation Trainer Competitor to Ki-6
IJAAS Ki-8 Nakajima Fighter Inverted gull-wing
IJAAS Ki-9 – 立川 キ9 Tachikawa 九五式一型練習機 – Tachikawa Army Type 95 Model 1 Trainer Trainer SPRUCE Called "churen" (middle-trainer)
IJAAS Ki-10 Kawasaki 九五式戦闘機 – Kawasaki Army Type 95 Fighter Fighter Last IJA fighter biplane
IJAAS Ki-11 Nakajima Fighter Competitor to Ki-10 monoplane
IJAAS Ki-12 Nakajima Fighter Retractable gear
IJAAS Ki-13 Nakajima Attacker Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-14 Mitsubishi Co-operation Recon. Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-15 – 三菱 キ15 Mitsubishi 九七式司令部偵察機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 97 Headquarter Reconnaissance HQ Recon. Karigane – Wild Goose BABS Used by Navy as C5M
IJAAS Ki-16 Nakajima Fuel Transport Douglas DC-2 variant
IJAAS Ki-17 – 立川 キ17 Tachikawa 九五式三型練習機 – Tachikawa Army Type 95 Model 3 Trainer Trainer Shoren – Primary Trainer CEDAR
IJAAS Ki-18 Mitsubishi Fighter Experimental Army version of A5M
IJAAS Ki-19 Nakajima H. Bomber Competitor to Mitsubishi Ki-19
IJAAS Ki-19 Mitsubishi H. Bomber Renamed to Ki-21
IJAAS Ki-20 Mitsubishi 九二式重爆撃機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 92 Heavy Bomber H. Bomber Militarized Junkers G-38
IJAAS Ki-21 – 三菱 キ21 Mitsubishi 九七式重爆撃機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 97 Heavy Bomber H. Bomber SALLY / GWEN IJA workhorse bomber
IJAAS Ki-22 Kawasaki H. Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-23 Fukuda Glider Sailplane
IJAAS Ki-24 Tachikawa Glider Primary
IJAAS Ki-25 Tachikawa Glider Secondary
IJAAS Ki-26 Tachikawa Glider Sailplane
IJAAS Ki-27 – 中島 キ27 Nakajima 九七式戦闘機 – Nakajima Army Type 97 Fighter Fighter NATE / CLINT Army still used in 1940s
IJAAS Ki-28 Kawasaki Fighter Competitor to Ki-27
IJAAS Ki-29 Tachikawa L. Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-30 – 三菱 キ30 Mitsubishi 九七式軽爆撃機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 97 Light Bomber L. Bomber ANN Competitor to Ki-32
IJAAS Ki-31 Nakajima L. Bomber Cancelled competition to Ki-28 & Ki-30.
IJAAS Ki-32 – 川崎 キ32 Kawasaki 九八式軽爆撃機 – Kawasaki Army Type 98 LIght Bomber L. Bomber MARY Competitor to Ki-30
IJAAS Ki-33 Mitsubishi Fighter Competitor to Ki-27. Similar to Navy A5M.
IJAAS Ki-34 – 中島 キ34 Nakajima 九七式輸送機 – Nakajima Army Type 97 Transport Transport THORA Commercial AT-2
IJAAS Ki-35 Mitsubishi Co-operation Recon. Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-36 – 立川 キ36 Tachikawa 九八式直接協同偵察機 – Tachikawa Army Type 98 Co-operation Reconnaissance Co-operation Recon. IDA Fixed undercarriage
IJAAS Ki-37 Nakajima Fighter Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-38 Kawasaki Fighter Became Ki-45
IJAAS Ki-39 Mitsubishi Fighter Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-40 Mitsubishi HQ Recon. Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-41 Nakajima Transport Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-42 Mitsubishi H. Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-43 – 中島 キ43 Nakajima 一式戦闘機 隼 – Nakajima Army Type 1 Fighter Fighter 隼 – Hayabusa – Peregrine Falcon OSCAR IJA workhorse fighter
IJAAS Ki-44 – 中島 キ44 Nakajima 二式単座戦闘機 – Nakajima Army Type 2 Single-seat Fighter Fighter 鍾馗 – Shoki – Demon TOJO (JOHN duplicate code name) Interceptor
IJAAS Ki-45 – 川崎 キ45 Kawasaki Fighter Cancelled due to engine problems
IJAAS Ki-45 Kai – 川崎 キ45改 Kawasaki 二式複座戦闘機 – Kawasaki Army Type 2 Twin-seat Fighter Fighter 屠龍 – Toryu – Brave Dragon NICK Became night fighter with upward-firing guns.
IJAAS Ki-46 – 三菱 キ46 Mitsubishi 一〇〇式司令部偵察機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 100 HQ Reconnaissance HQ Recon. DINAH
IJAAS Ki-47 Mitsubishi L. Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-48 – 川崎 キ48 Kawasaki 九九式双発軽爆撃機 – Kawasaki Army Type 99 Twin-engined Light Bomber L. Bomber LILY
IJAAS Ki-49 – 中島 キ49 Nakajima 一〇〇式重爆撃機 – Nakajima Army Type 100 Heavy Bomber H. Bomber 呑龍 – Donryu – Storm Dragon HELEN
IJAAS Ki-50 Mitsubishi H. Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-51 – 三菱 キ51 Mitsubishi 九九式襲撃機/軍偵察機Mitsubishi Army Type 99 Attacker / Army Reconnaissance Attacker / Army Recon. SONIA
IJAAS Ki-52 Nakajima Dive Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-53 Nakajima Fighter Multi-seat High-speed Fighter. Project only
IJAAS Ki-54a – 立川 キ54 Tachikawa 一式双発高等練習機 – Tachikawa Army Type 1 Twin-engined Advanced Trainer Trainer HICKORY
IJAAS Ki-54b Tachikawa Tachikawa Army Type 1 Operations Trainer Trainer HICKORY
IJAAS Ki-54c Tachikawa Tachikawa Army Type 1 Transport Transport HICKORY
IJAAS Ki-55 – 立川 キ55 Tachikawa 九九式高等練習機 – Tachikawa Army Type 99 Advanced Trainer Trainer IDA Ki-36 variant. Named "koren" (advanced trainer)
IJAAS Ki-56 – 川崎 キ56 Kawasaki 一式貨物輸送機 – Kawasaki Army Type 1 Cargo Transport Transport THALIA Type Ro Transport variant
IJAAS Ki-57 – 三菱 キ57 Mitsubishi 一〇〇式輸送機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 100 Transport Transport TOPSY Commercial MC-20 and Navy L4M
IJAAS Ki-58 Nakajima Escort Ki-49 variant
IJAAS Ki-59 – 国際 キ59 Kokusai 一式輸送機 – Kokusai Army Type 1 Transport Transport THERESA Commercial TK-3
IJAAS Ki-60 Kawasaki Fighter with DB601 engine
IJAAS Ki-61 – 川崎 キ61 Kawasaki 三式戦闘機 – Kawasaki Army Type 3 Fighter Fighter 飛燕 – Hien – Flying Swallow TONY
IJAAS Ki-62 Nakajima Fighter Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-63 Nakajima Fighter Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-64 Kawasaki Fighter ROB Engines mounted front and rear of cockpit
IJAAS Ki-65 Mitsubishi Attacker Project for successor to Ki-51
IJAAS Ki-65 Manshu Fighter Heavy fighter project
IJAAS Ki-66 Kawasaki Dive Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-67 – 三菱 キ67 Mitsubishi 四式重爆撃機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 4 Heavy Bomber H. Bomber 飛龍 – Hiryū – Flying Dragon PEGGY Also used as Torpedo bomber and Interceptor.
IJAAS Ki-68 Nakajima Bomber Long-range bomber project
IJAAS Ki-69 Mitsubishi Escort Ki-67 variant project
IJAAS Ki-70 Tachikawa HQ Recon. CLARA Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-71 Manshu Attacker EDNA Ki-51 with retractable undercarriage
IJAAS Ki-72 Tachikawa Co-operation Recon. Ki-36 variant project
IJAAS Ki-73 Mitsubishi Fighter STEVE Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-74 Tachikawa Recon. Bomber PATSY (initially PAT) Long-range Bomber
IJAAS Ki-75 Nakajima Fighter Multi-seat Fighter with Pressure cockpit. Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-76 – 国際 キ76 Kokusai 三式指揮連絡機 – Kokusai Army Type 3 Command Liaison Utility STELLA Also used for anti-submarine patrol
IJAAS Ki-77 Tachikawa A-26 長距離機 – Long-range experimental Research
IJAAS Ki-78 Tokyo University 研三高速研究機 – High-speed Experimental "Ken-3 research
IJAAS Ki-79 – 満州 キ79 Manshu 二式高等練習機 – Manshu Army Type 2 Advanced Trainer Trainer Ki-27 variant
IJAAS Ki-80 Nakajima Formation Commander Ki-49 variant
IJAAS Ki-81 Kawasaki Formation Commander Ki-48 variant. Project only
IJAAS Ki-82 Nakajima H. Bomber Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-83 Mitsubishi Fighter Long-range fighter
IJAAS Ki-84 – 中島 キ84 Nakajima 四式戦闘機 – Nakajima Army Type 4 Fighter Fighter 疾風 – Hayate – Gale FRANK
IJAAS Ki-85 Kawasaki Bomber Army version of G5N1
IJAAS Ki-86 Kokusai Kokusai Army Type 4 Basic Trainer Trainer CYPRESS Bücker Bü 131
IJAAS Ki-87 Nakajima Fighter High altitude fighter
IJAAS Ki-88 Kawasaki Fighter Pusher
IJAAS Ki-89 Kawasaki Experimental Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-90 Mitsubishi Bomber Long-range bomber project
IJAAS Ki-91 Kawasaki Bomber Long-range bomber
IJAAS Ki-92 Tachikawa Transport Large transport
IJAAS Ki-93 Rikugun Attacker 57 mm gun mounted under fuselage
IJAAS Ki-94 Tachikawa Fighter Twin-boom high-altitude fighter
IJAAS Ki-95 Mitsubishi HQ Recon. Ki-83 variant
IJAAS Ki-96 Kawasaki Fighter Interceptor
IJAAS Ki-97 Mitsubishi Transport Transport variant of Ki-67
IJAAS Ki-98 Manshu Fighter Twin-boom pusher
IJAAS Ki-99 Mitsubishi Fighter Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-100 – 川崎 キ100 Kawasaki 五式戦闘機 – Kawasaki Army Type 5 Fighter Fighter Ki-61 variant
IJAAS Ki-101 Nakajima Fighter PERRY Night fighter
IJAAS Ki-102 – 川崎 キ102 Kawasaki 四式襲撃機 – Kawasaki Army Type 4 Assault Aircraft Fighter / Attacker RANDY
IJAAS Ki-103 Mitsubishi Attacker Attacker variant of Ki-83
IJAAS Ki-104 Rikugun Fighter Ki-94 variant
IJAAS Ki-105 Kokusai Transport BUZZARD Powered Ku-7
IJAAS Ki-106 Tachikawa Fighter Wooden Ki-84
IJAAS Ki-107 Tokyo Trainer Wooden primary trainer
IJAAS Ki-108 Kawasaki Fighter High-altitude fighter with pressurized cockpit
IJAAS Ki-109 – 三菱 キ109 Mitsubishi 試作特殊防空戦闘機 – Mitsubishi Army Experimental heavy fighter interceptor Fighter Interceptor Ki-67 with 75mm field gun
IJAAS Ki-110 Tachikawa Transport Wooden Ki-54
IJAAS Ki-111 Tachikawa Fuel Transport Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-112 Mitsubishi H. Bomber Wooden Ki-67
IJAAS Ki-113 Nakajima Fighter Steel Ki-84
IJAAS Ki-114 Tachikawa Transport Wooden Ki-92
IJAAS Ki-115 Nakajima Suicide Attack Tsurugi – Sabre
IJAAS Ki-116 Manshu Fighter Ki-84 variant with 1500 hp engine
IJAAS Ki-117 Nakajima Fighter Ki-84 variant
IJAAS Ki-118 Mitsubishi Fighter Cancelled
IJAAS Ki-119 Kawasaki Fighter-Bomber Dive-bomber/torpedo fighter
IJAAS Ki-148 Kawasaki I-gou type 1 othu Guided Bomb launched from Ki-48 bomber
IJAAS Ki-200 Mitsubishi Army experimental rocket interceptor 秋水 – Shusui – Sharp Sword Navy J8M1
IJAAS Ki-201 Nakajima Fighter-Bomber 火龍 Karyū – Fire Dragon Project only
IJAAS Ki-202 Rikugun Interceptor 秋水改 – Shusui–kai – Sharp Sword Improved Advanced Ki-200
IJAAS Ku-1 Maeda Maeda Army Type 2 Small Glider Transport Towed by Ki-51
IJAAS Ku-2 Tokyo University Research Tailless research aircraft
IJAAS Ku-3 Tokyo University Research Tailless research aircraft
IJAAS Ku-4 Tokyo University Research Powered Ku-2. Project only.
IJAAS Ku-5 Fukuda Trainer research aircraft
IJAAS Ku-6 Maeda Gliding Tank Cancelled
IJAAS Ku-7 Kokusai transport Became Ki-105 (powered glider)
IJAAS Ku-8 Kokusai Kokusai Army Type 4 Special Transport Transport GOOSE Towed by Ki-21
IJAAS Ku-8 Kokusai Kokusai Army Type 4 Special Transport Transport GANDER Towed by Ki-21
IJAAS Ku-9 Fukuda Transport Cancelled
IJAAS Ku-10 Maeda Trainer Sailplane for special training
IJAAS Ku-11 Nihon Transport Made of wood
IJAAS Ku-12 Fukuda Trainer Two-seat secondary glider
IJAAS Rikugun Ta-gou Special Attacker Suicide Attack "Ta" was start of "Takeyari" (Bamboo-spear).
IJAAS Koube Te-gou Observer Observation Experimental competitor to Ka-go
IJAAS Ka 87 Kawasaki Kawasaki Army Type 87 Heavy Bomber H. Bomber Dornier Do N
IJAAS Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Army Type 87 Light Bomber L. Bomber Army version of Type 13 Carrier Attacker of IJN
IJAAS Kawasaki Kawasaki Army Type 88 Light Bomber L. Bomber Type 88 Recon. variant
IJAAS Kawasaki Kawasaki Army Type 88 Reconnaissance Aircraft Recon. Biplane
IJAAS Nakajima Nakajima Army Type 91 Fighter Fighter Parasol
IJAAS Kawasaki Kawasaki Army Type 92 Fighter Fighter Biplane
IJAAS 2MR8 Mitsubishi 九二式偵察機 – Mitsubishi Army Type 92 Reconnaissance Recon. Parasol
IJAAS Fiat Type I Heavy Bomber Heavy Bomber RUTH Fiat BR.20 (Italy). Nearly 80 imported.
IJAAS Lockheed Type LO Transport Transport THELMA (TOBY) Lockheed 14WG-3 (USA).
IJAAS Vultee Type 98 Showa Light Bomber MILLIE Vultee V-11GB1
IJAAS Heinkel Type 98 Medium Bomber BESS Heinkel He 111
IJAAS Focke-Wulf FRED Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5
IJAAS Focke-Wulf TRUDY Focke-Wulf Fw 200K Kurier
IJAAS Junkers IRENE Junkers Ju 87A-1
IJAAS Junkers JANICE Junkers Ju 88A-4
IJAAS Junkers TRIXIE Junkers Ju 52/3m
IJAAS Messerschmitt DOC Messerschmitt Bf 110
IJAAS Messerschmitt TRIXIE Messerschmitt Bf 109E
IJAAS Nakajima Type 97 Fighter? CLINT Misidentification
IJAAS Nakajima Type 1 Light Bomber? JOYCE Misidentification
IJAAS Kawasaki Type 1 Single Seat Fighter? JIM Misidentification
IJAAS Kawasaki Type 97 Medium Bomber? JULIA Misidentification
IJAAS Ki-21 Mitsubishi Type 97 Heavy Bomber JANE Misidentification of 'SALLY'
IJAAS Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Navy Type 97 Fighter ABDUL Fictitious version of Type 96 A5M 'Claude' with retractable landing gear.
IJAAS Mitsubishi Type 97 Light Bomber Darai 108 NORMA Misidentification of American Bennett BTC-1 aircraft
IJAAS Mitsubishi Type 0 Single Seat Twin Engined Fighter HARRY Similar to Fokker D.XXIII; (originally code-named 'Frank.')
IJAAS Mitsubishi Type 0 Medium Bomber? GWEN Misidentification
IJAAS Medium Bomber (short nose) DORIS Misidentification of NICK, LILY or HICKORY
IJAAS Medium Bomber MAISIE Misidentification
IJAAS Nakajima Nakajima/Douglas DC-2 transport TESS Six DC-2 aircraft imported from the USA
IJAAS Nakajima Type AT-27 twin-engine fighter GUS fictional aircraft from magazine
Civilian Mitsubishi Ohtori 鳳 Ohtori - Phoenix EVE Civilian transport derived from Mitsubishi Ki-2-ii
IJNAS Kawanishi Navy Special Attack Aircraft Baika 梅花 Baika – Japanese Apricot Blossom unbuilt pulsejet kamikaze project
IJNAS Mitsubishi 靖国 Yasukuni – Ki-67-I transferred to Navy as torpedo bomber
IJNAS Mizuno Navy Special Attack Glider Shinryu 神龍 Shinryu - Divine Dragon unbuilt kamikaze interceptor glider project
IJNAS Nakajima Navy Special Attack Bomber Kikka 橘花 Kikka – Orange blossom also known as 皇国二号兵器 – Kōkoku Nigō Heiki – Imperial Weapon No.2
IJNAS Nakajima Navy Suicide Attacker Toka トカ Toka - Wisteria Blossom Navy Ki-115

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Francillon 1970, pp.50—51.
  2. ^ a b Mikesh and Abe 1990, p.2.
  3. ^ Francillon 1970, pp.52—53.
  4. ^ a b Francillon 1970, p.51.
  5. ^ Francillon 1970, pp.549—557.
  6. ^ Francillon 1970, pp.48—49.
  7. ^ Francillon 1970, p.49.
  8. ^ Mikesh, Robert; Shorzoe Abe (1990). Japanese Aircraft 1910–1941. london: Putnam. ISBN 978-0-85177-840-2. 
  9. ^ "Aircraft of Imperial Japanese Army". zenibo-milimania.world.coocan.jp. 2001-08-21. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  10. ^ "Aircraft of Imperial Japanese Navy". zenibo-milimania.world.coocan.jp. 2001-08-21. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  11. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 70–71.
  12. ^ Mikesh and Abe 1990, pp. 73.
  • Francillon, R.J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London:Putnam, 1970. ISBN 0-370-00033-1.
  • Mikesh, Robert C. and Abe, Shorzoe. Japanese Aircraft 1910–1941. London:Putnam, 1990. ISBN 0-85177-840-2.

External links[edit]