Japanese people in China

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Japanese people in China
Total population
127,282[1]
Regions with significant populations
Beijing · Shanghai · Harbin
Languages
Mandarin · Cantonese · Japanese
Religion
Buddhism · Shintoism
Related ethnic groups
Japanese people in Hong Kong

Japanese people in China are Japanese people or Japanese emigrants and their descendants residing in China. There are 127,282 Japanese nationals living in China. 105,764 Japanese nationals reside in Mainland China, and 21,518 live in Hong Kong and Macau.

History[edit]

Tang dynasty China received 11 Japanese girl dancers as tribute from Balhae in 777.[2]

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese government introduced a plan to settle 5 million Japanese in Manchukuo. Following the end of the war, approximately 2,800 Japanese orphans in China were left behind by families repatriating back to Japan.[3] The majority of Japanese left behind in China were women, and these Japanese women mostly married Chinese men and became known as "stranded war wives" (残留婦人 zanryū fujin?).[4] Because they had children fathered by Chinese men, the Japanese women were not allowed to bring their Chinese families back with them to Japan so most of them stayed. Japanese law only allowed children fathered by Japanese fathers to become Japanese citizens.

As of October 2009, the number of Japanese nationals living in China is 127,282 (including 21,518 in Hong Kong and Macau) according to a report by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the third largest group of Japanese people outside Japan after Brazil and United States. However, the 2010 Census of the People's Republic of China recorded 66,159 foreign nationals from Japan residing in Mainland China (figure excluding Hong Kong and Macau),[5] representing nearly half of the Japanese Foreign Affairs Ministry figure. The number of Japanese emigrants to China and their descendants are unknown.[1][6]

In these ten years, Japanese nationals living in China increased roughly three times from 46,000 to 127,000 in proportion to the growth in trade volume between the two countries.[6][7] Gubei, Shanghai has the largest concentration of Japanese nationals in Mainland China.[8]

Education[edit]

Mainland China has several Japanese international schools:

Supplementary Japanese language education programs for Japanese children in Mainland China include those in those in Nanjing, Ningbo, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Wuxi, and Zhuhai.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Chinese people of Japanese descent
Japanese expatriates in China

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 1 October 2009 (Heisei 21), Annual Report of Statistics on Japanese Nationals Overseas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan)
  2. ^ Schafer 1963, p. 66.
  3. ^ "Forgotten plight of foster parents". Xinhua News. 2005-04-22. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  4. ^ Left Behind: Japan's Wartime Defeat and the Stranded Women of Manchukuo
  5. ^ "Major Figures on Residents from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and Foreigners Covered by 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 29, 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Kyung Lah, 12 November 2010, Twin Tale: Rising China, Japan's setting sun, CNN
  7. ^ "——" [The volume of Import and Export to China]. Trade Statistics of Japan. 
  8. ^ "Japanese making Shanghai their home". CNN. 10 December 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Home page. Hangzhou Japanese School. Retrieved on January 15, 2015. "郵便番号 310018 杭州経済技術開発区徳勝東路395号"
  10. ^ Home page. Japanese School of Qingdao. Retrieved on January 15, 2015. "山東省青島市市北区同安路56号"
  11. ^ "アジアの補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Retrieved on February 13, 2015.