Japanese dissidence during the early Shōwa period
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Japanese dissidence during the early Shōwa period was dissidence by Japanese citizens of the Empire of Japan (1868–1947) during the Shōwa period, the reign of the Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito (1926–1989). The early Shōwa period witnessed the rise of Japanese militarism, and Imperial Japan's full-scale invasion of China in the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), which escalated into a full-scale invasion of the Asia-Pacific during the Pacific theatre of World War II (1941–1945). Throughout the period, there was political repression in Imperial Japan.
The Japanese Communist Party (JCP) was suppressed by the Imperial Japanese government. Mass round ups took place on March 15, 1928, and were followed by mass round ups on April 16, 1929. In February 1930, the central committee of the Japanese Communist Party approved the formation of "red self-defense bodies".
Several anarchist groups operated in Japan. The Black Youth League (Kokuren), Farming Villages Youth Association (Noseisha), and the Zenkoku Jiren. The Koto branch of the Tokyo general workers Union and the Tokyo Food Workers Union merged into the anarchist syndicalist union federation Libertarian Federal Council of Labour Unions of Japan, or Jikyo.
The Zenkoku jiren protested against the Manchurian Incident.
The split in Zenkoku Jiren led to a split of pure anarchists and anarchist syndicalists. Zenkoku Jiren came to an end following the mass arrests of anarchists in 1935–1936. Anarchism was active in Japan until 1935.
In 1933, the government suppressed a faculty and student protest in Kyoto Imperial University. The protest was in reaction to the government's suspension of Professor Yukitoki Takigawa from the university. This incident became known as the Takigawa incident.
In wartime Japan, only passive resistance, and insignificant protests occurred. In 1943, the Sōka Gakkai were imprisoned for advising their followers not to buy amulets from the Grand Shrine of Ise.
- Japanese People's Anti-war Alliance
- Japanese People's Emancipation League
- League to Raise the Political Consciousness of Japanese Troops
- Japanese Communist Party
Japanese dissidence in popular culture
- An Artist of the Floating World, 1986 novel by Kazuo Ishiguro
- Kabei: Our Mother, 2008 film directed by Yoji Yamada
- Millennium Actress, 2001 animated film directed by Satoshi Kon
- No Regrets for Our Youth, 1946 film directed by Akira Kurosawa
- Runaway Horses, 1969 novel by Yukio Mishima
- Japanese in the Chinese resistance to the Empire of Japan
- Japanese Resistance to the Imperial House of Japan
- Dissent in the Armed Forces of the Empire of Japan
- Relations between Japanese Revolutionaries and the Comintern and the Soviet Union
- List of Japanese dissidents in Imperial Japan
- Assassination attempts on Hirohito
- Popular Front Incident
- Robert A. Scalapino (1967). The Japanese Communist movement, 1920-1966. University of California Press.
- George M. Beckmann, Genji Okubo (1969). The Japanese Communist Party 1922-1945. Stanford University Press. pp. 192–195.
- George M. Beckmann, Genji Okubo (1969). The Japanese Communist Party 1922-1945. Stanford University Press. p. 220.
- Louise Young (1999). Japan's Total Empire: Manchuria and the Culture of Wartime Imperialism. University of California Press. pp. 165–167.
- Robert A. Scalapino (1967). The Japanese Communist movement, 1920–1966. University of California Press.
- George M. Beckmann, Genji Okubo (1969). The Japanese Communist Party 1922-1945. Stanford University Press. p. 261.
- John Crump (John Crump). Hatta Shūzō and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan. Macmillan. p. 87. Check date values in:
- John Crump (John Crump). Hatta Shūzō and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan. Macmillan. pp. 69–172. Check date values in:
- John Crump (John Crump). Hatta Shūzō and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan. Macmillan. pp. 87–95. Check date values in:
- John Crump (John Crump). Hatta Shūzō and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan. Macmillan. p. 172. Check date values in:
- George M. Beckmann, and Genji Okubo (1969). The Japanese Communist Party 1922-1945. Stanford University Press. p. 71.
- Itoh, Mayumi (2003). The Hatoyama Dynasty: Japanese Political Leadership Through the Generations. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 62. ISBN 9781403981523.
- "Political Protest in Interwar Japan Part I 戦間期日本の政治的抗議活動 「上」 :: JapanFocus". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Kato, Tetsuro (July 2000). The Japanese Victims of Stalinist Terror in the USSR (PDF). Hitotsubashi Journal of Social Studies. 32.
- Roth, Andrew (1945). Dilemma in Japan. Little, Brown. pp. 162–192.
- Greg Robinson (Feb 9, 2012). Pacific Citizens: Larry and Guyo Tajiri and Japanese American Journalism in the World War II Era. University of Illinois Press. pp. 94–97.
- Ienaga ,Saburo (2010). Pacific War, 1931–1945. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 203–228.
- Peter B Clarke (Dec 16, 2013). Bibliography of Japanese New Religious Movements. Routledge. p. 235.
- Takemae, Eiji (2003). Allied Occupation of Japan. A&C Black. pp. 235–240.
- John Crump (Jan 1, 1993). Hatta Shūzō and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan. Macmillan.
- John Crump (1992). Anarchist opposition to Japanese militarism, 1926–1937.
- Saburo Ienaga (2010). Pacific War, 1931-1945. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.
- Roth, Andrew (1945). Dilemma in Japan. Little, Brown.
- 岩佐 寿一 (1985). あめとかぜと―広島県戦前左翼運動の手記. あめとかぜと出版委員会.
- 山岸一章 (1981). 聳ゆるマスト―日本海軍の反戦兵士. 新日本出版社.
- 小栗 勉 (2010). 聳ゆるマスト―史伝小説. かもがわ出版.
- 早乙女 勝元 (1991). 延安からの手紙―日本軍の反戦兵士たち. 草の根出版会.
- Mark Gayn (Dec 15, 1989). Japan Diary. Tuttle Publishing. p. 16.
- United States. Department Of Defense (1969). Magic Background Of Pearl Harbor Volume IV Appendix. United States. Department Of Defense.
- Louise Young (1999). Japan's Total Empire: Manchuria and the Culture of Wartime Imperialism. University of California Press.
- Katherine Marshall (2013). Global Institutions of Religion: Ancient Movers, Modern Shakers. Routledge.
- "What did people around the world do in support of China’s war of resistance?". Xinhua. 2015-11-07.
- "JAPAN SUPPRESING THE COMMUNIST". The Argus. Mar 4, 1933.
- "COMMUNISTS IN JAPAN Echo of 1928 Raids. CONSPIRATORS TO STAND TRIAL.". Recorder. May 1, 1930.
- "COMMUNISTS IN JAPAN Thirty-Six Stand Trial UNRULY COURT SCENES". The Daily News. Oct 10, 1930.
- "Gaol for Japanese Communists". News. Oct 31, 1932.
- "Japan SUPPRESING THE COMMUNIST". The Argus. Mar 4, 1933.
- "Military Oblivion Is Japs' Fate". The Evening Independent. Oct 15, 1945.
- "7,000,000 JAPS DISARMED GENERAL STAFF ABOLISHED". Toronto Daily Star. Oct 15, 1945.
- "MANY ARRESTS. COMMUNISTS IN JAPAN.". The Brisbane Courier. Nov 7, 1929.
- 抗战史上的今天 15 野坂参三决定建日本人民解放联盟 (in Chinese). 【抗战史上的今天】官方频道---纪念中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利70周年. Jan 14, 2015.
- 抗战史上的今天 12月19日 鹿地亘对记者谈反战同盟 (in Chinese). 【抗战史上的今天】官方频道---纪念中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利70周年. Dec 20, 2015.
- Stories of anti-war Japanese in China, 1937-1945. CCTV.com. Aug 31, 2015.
- "国际友人对中国抗日战争的援助". 国际友人对中国抗日战争的援助. October 9, 2010. Archived from the original on January 28, 2016.
- "延安工农学校里的日本战俘". 抗日战争纪念网 (Japanese War Memorial Network). December 31, 2015.
- "得道多助国际支援". 抗日战争纪念网 (Japanese War Memorial Network). April 5, 2014.
- "他们来到中国战场". 中国人民革命军事博物馆 (Military Museum of Chinese people's revolution).
- ""日本八路"：抗战中的"在华日人反战同盟"". 中国共产党历史网 (Chinese Communist Party History Network). 18 September 2014.
- "日俘何以成为八路军战士？". 中国共产党历史网 (Chinese Communist Party History Network). 21 December 2015.
- "《延安精神耀千秋》". 中国共产党历史网--人民网 (History of the Communist Party of China Network). 21 December 2015.
- "중국과 함께 했던 외국적 항일투사(사적)7-가지 와타루". 국가공공추도망 (The National Memorial). 30 June 2015.
- "抗战时期援华的国际友人". 国家公祭网 (The National Memorial). 9 October 2015.
- 戦前の反戦運動 「戦争に反対して、命がけで活動した人たちの記録」 (Pre-war anti-war movement "Record of the people who were active in the opposition to war.") at kure-sensai.net
- 「戦前の反戦兵士とその後」 Ⅱ、「聳ゆるマスト」発行の阪口喜一郎の足跡を追って at kure-sensai.net. Information on anti-war activist in the Imperial Japanese Navy Sakaguchi Kiichiro.