Japanese warship Banryū

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Banryū
History
Name: Banryū
Ordered: 1856
Builder: R & H Green of Blackwall
Laid down: 1856
Launched: 1856
Commissioned: 1857
Decommissioned: 1888
Fate: Broken up late 1890's
General characteristics
Displacement: 370 long tons (376 t)
Length: 41.8 m (137 ft 2 in)
Beam: 5.45 m (17 ft 11 in)
Draught: 3.23 m (10 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Sail plan: Schooner
Armament: 6 × 12-pounder cannon

Banryū (蟠龍?) was a ship of the Tokugawa Navy, and following the collapse of the shogunate, was operated by Tokugawa loyalists under the Republic of Ezo during the Boshin War in Japan. An armed iron screw yacht, she had a length of 41.8 metres, a breadth of 5.45 metres, a draught of 3.23 metres, and weighed 370 tons. She was armed with four 12-pounder bronze cannons.

Banryū was built in England as an iron paddle schooner named Emperor, and was presented to the Tokugawa administration by James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin as a present for the "Emperor" from Queen Victoria on the 26 August 1858,[1] to commemorate the signing of the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce. Intended to serve as a royal yacht, its interior was luxuriously furnished with sculptures and mirrors.

During the Boshin War, Banryū participated in the Naval Battle of Awa, Japan's first engagement between two modern fleets, on 28 January 1868. Subsequently, she was used to transport Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu from Edo to exile in Sumpu following the Fall of Edo to imperial forces of 11 April. It was one of the ships seized by Enomoto Takeaki and other Tokugawa loyalists in their escape to create the Republic of Ezo in Hokkaido later that year. She was dispatched to participate to the Naval Battle of Miyako Bay in March 1869, but had to return to Hokkaido after being damaged in bad weather. During the Naval Battle of Hakodate Bay in May 1869, Banryū sank one of the Imperial navy's warships, the Chōyō. However, towards the end of the battle, with her ammunition exhausted and suffering from severe damage due to numerous hits, she was beached near Benten Daiba, and set on fire (although the fire went out before it could consume the vessel).

She was salvaged by an Englishman, and after repairs and rebuilding in Shanghai was renamed the SS Emperor. She then returned to Japan in 1873 as Raiden Maru (雷電丸?) for use in transporting colonists and supplies to Hokkaido. She was purchased by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1877 as Raiden, serving as a training vessel until January 1888. Afterwards, she was demilitarised, and served as a whaling ship out of Kochi, and later as a transport, passing through several owners until she was scrapped in 1897.[2][3]

Banryū destroying the Imperial warship Chōyō in the 1869 Naval Battle of Hakodate Bay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yacht presented to the Emperor on 26 August 1858
  2. ^ [1] Story of this ship
  3. ^ [2] More on the ship