Japji Sahib

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by Guru Nanak
Original title Japu
First published in Adi Granth, 1604
Country India
Language Gurmukhi
Genre(s) Religion
Lines 38 Stanzas
Pages 1-8
Followed by So Dar Aasa (ਸੋ ਦਰੁ ਰਾਗੁ ਆਸਾ ਮਹਲਾ ੧)

Japu(Punjabi: :ਜਪੁ), commonly known as Japji Sahib, is a Sikh prayer, that appears at the beginning of the holy scripture of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib.[1] It was composed by Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of the faith. It is headed by Mool Mantra and followed by 38 hymns and completed with a final Salok at the end of this composition.

It is regarded amongst the most important Bani or 'set of verses' by the Sikhs, as it is first Bani in Nitnem.[1]

The Japji sets out to challenge superstitions and rituals that hitherto had served as mankind's outlet for devotion to god. It poses the question of what is true worship. It proposes that the only true form of worship is acceptance of god's will and to remain one with nature. All mantras, holy foods, prophecies and pilgrimages are irrelevant.

It describes a hierarchy of five spiritual levels culminating in Sach Khand.

Meaning of Japu[edit]

Following are some accepted meanings of Jap:

  • The popular meanings of Japu is to recite or to chant and commit to sub-conscious memeory.[1]
  • Jap also means to understand. Gurbani cites Aisa Giaan Japo Man Mere, Hovo Chakar Sache Kere, where Jap word means to understand wisdom.[2]

‘Ji’ is a word that is used to show respect as is the word ‘Sahib’.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Nabha, Kahn Singh. "ਜਪੁ". Gur Shabad Ratnakar Mahankosh (in Punjabi). Sudarshan Press. ਜਪੁ ਨਾਮਕ ਗੁਰਬਾਣੀ, ਜੋ ਸਿੱਖਾਂ ਦੇ ਨਿੱਤਨੇਮ ਦਾ ਮੂਲ ਹੈ. ਇਹ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥਸਾਹਿਬ ਦੇ ਆਰੰਭ ਵਿੱਚ ਹੈ.  
  2. ^ Nihang, Dharam Singh. Naad Ved Vichar (Exegesis) (in Punjabi). India. p. 20. ਐਸਾ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਜਪਹੁ ਮਨ ਮੇਰੇ।। ਹੋਵਹੁ ਚਾਕਰ ਸਾਚੇ ਕੇਰੇ (ਪੰਨਾ ੭੨੮) 
  3. ^ "Gurdwara - The Sikh Temple". searchsikhism.com. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2013.http://www.searchsikhism.com/temple.html

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