Jardin Exotique de Monaco
The succulent plants were brought back from Mexico in the late 1860s. By 1895, Augustin Gastaud, who served as the Chief Gardener of the State Gardens of Monaco, grew the succulents in the Jardin St Martin.
Albert I, Prince of Monaco acquired a piece of land in Les Moneghetti in 1912. He commissioned Louis Notari, the Chief Engineer of Monaco, to build a new garden with footbridges. During the construction, Notari found a grotto underneath in 1916. Meanwhile, the garden was dedicated in 1933. Monegasque agronomist Louis Vatrican served as its first director from 1933 to 1969. He added African succulents to the existing South African plants. After he retired in 1969, he was succeeded by Marcel Kroenlein.
The grotto was opened to the public in 1950, but it may only be visited with specialized guides. Evidence of prehistoric human inhabitants has been found in the cave. There is a museum of Prehistoric Anthropology within the Exotic Garden displaying many of those prehistoric remains. It was founded by Prince Albert I in 1902.
- Cohen, Paul; Brenda, Cohen (December 1998). "Le Jardin Exotique, Les Grottes de L'Observatoire, and Le Musée D'Anthropolgie Préhistorique in Monaco". Journal of College Science Teaching. 28 (3): 208–209. JSTOR 42990109. (registration required (. ))
- Arama, Gaëlle (June 8, 2008). "Monaco Jardin exotique : 75 ans et toujours autant de piquant ?". Nice Matin. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
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