Jardine House

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Jardine House
HK Jardine House.jpg
Jardine House, as seen from Victoria Harbour; General Post Office in the foreground.
General information
TypeCommercial offices
Location1 Connaught Place
Hong Kong
Coordinates22°16′59″N 114°9′32″E / 22.28306°N 114.15889°E / 22.28306; 114.15889Coordinates: 22°16′59″N 114°9′32″E / 22.28306°N 114.15889°E / 22.28306; 114.15889
OwnerHongkong Land
Roof178.5 m (585.6 ft)
Top floor168.5 m (552.8 ft)
Technical details
Floor count52
Floor area700,000 sq ft (65,032 m2)
Lifts/elevators24 + 2[citation needed]
Design and construction
ArchitectPalmer & Turner
DeveloperHongkong Land
Main contractorGammon Construction

Jardine House (Chinese: 怡和大廈), formerly known as Connaught Centre (康樂大廈), is an office tower in Hong Kong. The building is located at 1 Connaught Place, Central on Hong Kong Island. It is owned by Hongkong Land Limited, a subsidiary of Jardines. At the time of its completion in 1972, Jardine House was the tallest building in Hong Kong and in Asia. In 1980, the Hopewell Centre usurped the title of the tallest building in Hong Kong. The building is interconnected by the Central Elevated Walkway with buildings of Hongkong Land Limited like Exchange Square and the International Finance Centre.


1st generation Jardine House in the 1900s.
2nd generation Jardine House in the 1930s.

Previous Jardine Houses[edit]

The first three generations of Jardine Houses were situated at 20 Pedder Street, at the corner of Des Voeux Road Central. The first Jardine House was probably built around 1841 after Jardine's successful bid for its lots on The Praya Central.[citation needed] In 1908, the second Jardine House was built.[4] It was rebuilt in around 1956 as a 16-story building.[5] The building was sold by Jardines during the land acquisition exercise of the Landmark complex in Central and 20 Pedder Street is now occupied by the Wheelock House.

New Jardine House[edit]

Jardine House (first building from the right) is located in the central business district on Hong Kong Island, next to (from left to right) the BOC Tower, Cheung Kong Center and the HSBC Building.

The new building was constructed on a piece of reclaimed land, under a lease term of 75 years, which was secured by Hongkong Land Limited at a record price of HK$258 million in 1970, payable interest free over a period of 10 years.[6] In exchange, the Government agreed that no building directly to the north of Jardine House would ever be built to obstruct its views. As a result, the height of General Post Office building was capped at 120 ft (37 m).[7] Building costs were estimated at $120 million.[6] Construction of the fifty-two-storey building took 16 months. Metal lettering from the Old Jardine House was salvaged and used in the lobby of the New Jardine House.


The building is constructed with a metal frame, and a curtain wall with round windows. The thickness of the structural frame is reduced because of the shape of the windows.

Unusually for a Jardine property, elevators were produced by Otis Elevator, while escalators were manufactured by Schindler Elevator.

The circular design of the windows has earned the building the nickname, "The House of a Thousand Arseholes."[8][9]

In popular culture[edit]

Jardine House was prominently displayed in the 1988 NBC television miniseries Noble House as the headquarters for Struan's. It also appeared in establishing shots in The Amsterdam Kill and The Mighty Peking Man (1977). The building was also featured in the 1978 episode titled "The Chinese Web" of The Amazing Spider Man TV series.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Jardine House". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  2. ^ Jardine House at Emporis
  3. ^ "Jardine House". SkyscraperPage.
  4. ^ Ting, Joseph S.P.; Wong Nai-kwan (September 1994). City of Victoria. Hong Kong: Urban Council of Hong Kong. pp. 13, 29. ISBN 962-7039-31-4.
  5. ^ gwulo.com: Jardine House (3rd generation) [1957–1980]
  6. ^ a b Christopher Marley (30 May 1972). "Office supply and demand in harmony" (PDF). The Times. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007.
  7. ^ "Government – HK Land 'Pact' Limits New GPO'S Height" (PDF). The Star. Hong Kong. 14 April 1976. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007.
  8. ^ Campanella, Thomas (2012). The Concrete Dragon: China's Urban Revolution and What it Means for the World. Chronicle Books. p. 139. ISBN 9781568989488.
  9. ^ "Jardine makes enemies where it needs friends". The Independent. 27 March 1994. Retrieved 8 October 2015.

External links[edit]